Columelliaceae is a family of trees and shrubs native to the Andes of South America.[3][4][5]

Desfontainia spinosa.jpg
Desfontainia spinosa[2]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Bruniales
Family: Columelliaceae

In the APG II taxonomy they are placed in the order Lamiales,[1] but a 2008 study suggested that they are sister to the Bruniaceae,[6] and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website proposes incorporating this finding by placing both families in order Bruniales.[3] The APG III system of 2009 thus does place Columelliaceae in the Bruniales.


  1. ^ a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 141 (4): 399–436. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.t01-1-00158.x.
  2. ^ 1854 illustration from William Jackson Hooker (1785-1865) - Curtis's botanical magazine vol. 80 ser. 3 nr. 10 tabl. 4781
  3. ^ a b Missouri Botanical Garden classification system
  4. ^ Don, David. 1828. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 6: 46-49 descriptions in Latin, commentary in English
  5. ^ Tropicos, Columelliaceae D. Don
  6. ^ Winkworth, Richard C.; Lundberg, Johannes; Donoghue, Michael J. (2008). "Toward a resolution of Campanulid phylogeny, with special reference to the placement of Dipsacales". Taxon. 57 (1): 53–65.

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