Columbaves

Columbaves is a clade that contains Columbimorphae (pigeons, mesites, and sandgrouse) and Otidimorphae (bustards, cuckoos, and turacos) discovered by genomic analysis by Prum et al. (2015).[1] This conflicts with the Columbea and Otidae hypotheses which Mirandornithes are the sister taxon to Columbimorphae and Cypselomorphae the sister taxon to Otidimorphae, respectively, found by Jarvis et al. (2014).[2] Neither hypothesis supports the two subdivisions of Metaves and Coronoaves as previous studies had found.[3][4]

Columbaves
Temporal range: Eocene–Recent
Rock Pigeon Columba livia.jpg
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)
Drop fúzatý (Otis tarda) (2416576086).jpg
Great Bustard (Otis tarda)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Neoaves
Clade: Columbaves
Prum et al., 2015
Clades
Columbaves
Otidimorphae

Musophagiformes (turacos) Planches enluminées d'histoire naturelle (1765) (Tauraco persa).jpg

Otidiformes (bustards) Cayley Ardeotis australis flipped.jpg

Cuculiformes (cuckoos) British birds in their haunts (Cuculus canorus).jpg

Columbimorphae

Columbiformes (pigeons and doves) Meyers grosses Konversations-Lexikon - ein Nachschlagewerk des allgemeinen Wissens (1908) (Antwerpener Breiftaube).jpg

Mesitornithiformes (mesites)Monias benschi 1912 white background.jpg

Pterocliformes (sandgrouse)Pterocles quadricinctus white background.jpg

In 2020 Kuhl et al. sequenced 3-prime untranslated region (3’UTR) from 429 species and 379 genera of birds found support of Columbaves in their study. However they have found that cuckoos are the sister group to pigeons within Columbimorphae instead as shown in the cladogram below:[5]

Columbaves
Otidimorphae

Musophagiformes (turacos) Planches enluminées d'histoire naturelle (1765) (Tauraco persa).jpg

Otidiformes (bustards) Cayley Ardeotis australis flipped.jpg

Columbimorphae

Columbiformes (pigeons and doves) Meyers grosses Konversations-Lexikon - ein Nachschlagewerk des allgemeinen Wissens (1908) (Antwerpener Breiftaube).jpg

Cuculiformes (cuckoos) British birds in their haunts (Cuculus canorus).jpg

Mesitornithiformes (mesites)Monias benschi 1912 white background.jpg

Pterocliformes (sandgrouse)Pterocles quadricinctus white background.jpg

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Prum, R. O. et al. A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature (2015). doi:10.1038/nature15697
  2. ^ Jarvis, E.D.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. PMC 4405904. PMID 25504713.
  3. ^ Ericson, P. G.P; Anderson, C. L; Britton, T.; Elzanowski, A.; Johansson, U. S; Kallersjo, M.; Ohlson, J. I; Parsons, T. J; Zuccon, D.; Mayr, G. (2006). "Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils". Biology Letters. 2 (4): 543–547. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0523. PMC 1834003. PMID 17148284.
  4. ^ Hackett, S. J.; Kimball, R. T.; Reddy, S.; et al. (2008). "A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History" (PDF). Science. 320 (5884): 1763–1768. doi:10.1126/science.1157704. PMID 18583609. S2CID 6472805.
  5. ^ Kuhl., H.; Frankl-Vilches, C.; Bakker, A.; Mayr, G.; Nikolaus, G.; Boerno, S. T.; Klages, S.; Timmermann, B.; Gahr, M. (2020). "An unbiased molecular approach using 3'UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life". Molecular Biology and Evolution: 143. doi:10.1093/molbev/msaa191. PMID 32781465.