Colton, New York

Colton is a town in St. Lawrence County, New York, USA. The population was 1,451 at the 2010 census. The town, originally named Matildaville, is named after early settler Jesse Colton Higley.[3]

Colton, New York
Landscape in Colton
Landscape in Colton
Colton, New York is located in New York Adirondack Park
Colton, New York
Colton, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 44°28′38″N 74°51′17″W / 44.47722°N 74.85472°W / 44.47722; -74.85472
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountySt. Lawrence
 • Total254.95 sq mi (660.33 km2)
 • Land241.70 sq mi (626.00 km2)
 • Water13.25 sq mi (34.32 km2)
1,496 ft (456 m)
 • Total1,451
 • Estimate 
 • Density5.93/sq mi (2.29/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code36-17409
GNIS feature ID0978854
The Raquette River in the Stone Valley Recreational Area

The Town of Colton is located in the southeast part of the county and is south of the Village of Potsdam.


The first land patents were issued in 1776. The first settlement occurred around 1825 near Colton village in the northern part of the town.

Colton was organized in 1843 from part of the Town of Parishville. Additional land from Parishville was added to Colton in 1851, and Colton was increased in 1876 from territory taken from the Town of Hopkinton.

The Zion Episcopal Church and Rectory was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.[4] The Hepburn Library of Colton was added in 2012.[5]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 254.9 square miles (660 km2), of which, 242.1 square miles (627 km2) of it is land and 12.8 square miles (33 km2) of it (5.04%) is water.

Colton is the largest town in St. Lawrence County. St Lawrence county is the largest county in NY state. The south town line is the border of Hamilton County and Herkimer County.

The Raquette River flows through the west part of the town. The town is in the foothills of the Adirondack Mountains. Most of the town, the southern part, is inside the Adirondack Park.

New York State Route 56 intersects New York State Route 68 at Colton village. New York State Route 3 intersects NY-56 in the east-central part of the town at Sevey Corners.


Census Pop.
Est. 20161,434[2]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,453 people, 604 households, and 405 families residing in the town. The population density was 6.0 people per square mile (2.3/km²). There were 1,163 housing units at an average density of 4.8 per square mile (1.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.17% White, 0.34% Native American, 0.07% Asian, and 0.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 604 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,875, and the median income for a family was $44,637. Males had a median income of $35,000 versus $22,443 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,528. About 10.5% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable peopleEdit

Communities and locations in ColtonEdit

  • Barber Point – A location on the eastern shore of Cranberry Lake.
  • Brandy Brook – A location in the southwest part of the town on New York State Route 3.
  • Burntbridge Pond – A pond located southwest of Massawepie Lake.
  • Carry Falls Reservoir – A reservoir in the northeast part of Colton.
  • Church Pond – A lake located south of Stark. It is the source of the North Branch Grass River.
  • Colton – The hamlet of Colton is located at the junction of NY-56 and NY-68 by the Raquette River. The community, in the northwest part of the town, is the location of the first settlement.
  • Colton Flow – A part of the Raquette River located south of Colton.
  • Cranberry Lake – A large lake near the southwest town line, but only a small part of the lake is in Colton.
  • Granshue Club – A location south of Stark near the west town line.
  • Higley Flow State Park – A state park west of South Colton.
  • Hitchens Pond – A lake located on the eastern town line.
  • Irish Settlement – A hamlet near the town center on NY-56.
  • Leonard Pond – A pond north of Sevey.
  • Little Trout Pond – A pond located in the southwest corner of the town. Partially in the town of Piercefield.
  • Lows Lake – A lake partly in the southwest corner of Colton.
  • Sevey – A hamlet in the central part of the town on NY-56
  • Sevey Corners – A location in the east-central part of the town on NY-3, south of Sevey.
  • Shurteff – A hamlet southwest of Sevey on NY-3.
  • South Colton – A hamlet in the northern part of the Town, south of the hamlet of Colton on NY-56. Sunday Rock was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010.[8]
  • South Colton Reservoir – A reservoir located northeast of South Colton.
  • Stark – A hamlet by the town line in the eastern part of Colton.
  • Stark Falls Reservoir – A reservoir south of Stark and north of Carry Falls Reservoir.
  • Stone Valley Recreational Area - A hiking and fishing area along the Raquette River, north of the hamlet of Colton.


  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 88.
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  5. ^ "National Register of Historic Places". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 5/14/12 through 5/18/12. National Park Service. 2012-05-25.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "National Register of Historic Places". WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES: 3/28/11 THROUGH 4/01/11. National Park Service. 2011-04-08.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 44°33′11″N 74°56′23″W / 44.55306°N 74.93972°W / 44.55306; -74.93972