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List of French governors of Algeria

  (Redirected from Colonial heads of Algeria)

In 1830, in the days before the outbreak of the July Revolution against the Bourbon Restoration in France, the conquest of Algeria was initiated by Charles X as an attempt to increase his popularity amongst the French people. The invasion began on 5 July 1830. Afterwards Algeria would become a French territory from 1830 to 1962, under a variety of governmental systems.

Contents

List of rulers of Ottoman AlgeriaEdit

List of rulers of French AlgeriaEdit

French colony of Algeria (1830–1848)Edit

Tenure Incumbent Notes Portrait
5 July 1830 to 12 August 1830 Louis-Auguste-Victor, Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont, Military Commander  
12 August 1830 to 21 February/21 March? 1831 General Bertrand Clausel, comte Clausel, Military Commander 1st term
21 February/21 March 1831 to ?6/21 December 1831 General Pierre Berthezéne, Baron Berthezéne  
?6/21 December 1831 to 29 April 1833 Anne Jean Marie René Savary, duc de Rovigo, Military Commander  
29 April 1833 to 27 July 1834 Théophile Voirol, Baron Voirol, interim Military Commander    
27 July 1834 to 8 July 1835 Jean-Baptiste Drouet, comte d'Erlon, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa  
8 July 1835 to 12 February 1837 Bertrand, comte Clauzel, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa 2nd term
12 February 1837 to 12/13 October 1837 Charles Marie Denys, comte de Damrémont, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa Killed in combat during the siege of Constantine
12/13 October 1837 to 11 November 1837  
11 November/1 December 1837 to 18 December 1840 Sylvain Charles, comte Valée, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa  
22 February 1841 to 27 September 1847 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa (22 Feb. 1841 to Feb. 1842) then Governor-General of Algeria (Feb. 1842 to 27 Sept. 1847)  
  1 September 1845 to 6 July 1847   Christophe Juchault de Lamoricière, acting Governor-General of Algeria For Bugeaud
  6 July 1847 to 27 September 1847   Marie Alphonse Bedeau, acting Governor-General of Algeria For Begeaud
27 September 1847 to 24 February 1848 Henri-Eugène-Philippe-Louis d'Orleans, duc d'Aumale, Governor-General of Algeria  
24 February 1848 to 29 April 1848 Louis-Eugène Cavaignac, Governor-General of Algeria  
29 April 1848 to 9 September 1848 Nicolas Théodule Changarnier, Governor-General of Algeria  
  20 June 1848 to 9 September 1848   Guillaume Stanislas Marey-Monge, acting Governor-General of Algeria For Changarnier
9 September 1848 to 4 November 1848 Viala Charon, Governor-General of Algeria  

French departments of Algeria (1848–1962)Edit

Shortly after the July Monarchy of Louis Philippe I was overthrown in the Revolution of 1848, the new government of the Second Republic ended Algeria's status as a colony and declared it in the 1848 Constitution an integral part of France. Three civil departementsAlger, Oran, and Constantine — were organized under a civilian government.

Tenure Incumbent Notes Portrait
4 November 1848 to 22 October 1850 Viala Charon, Governor-General of Algeria  
22 October 1850 to 10 May 1851 Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul, Governor-General of Algeria  
10 May 1851 to 11 December 1851 Aimable-Jean-Jacques Pélissier, Governor-General of Algeria 1st term
11 December 1851 to 31 August 1858 Jacques Louis Randon, Governor-General of Algeria  
24 June 1858 to 21 March 1859 Prince Napoléon-Joseph-Charles-Paul Bonaparte, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies  
21 March 1859 to 24 November 1860 Prosper, comte de Chasseloup-Laubat, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies  
24 November 1860 to 22 May 1864 Aimable-Jean-Jacques Pélissier, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies 2nd term
22 May 1864 to 1 September 1864 Édmond de Martimprey, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies  
1 September 1864 to 27 July 1870 Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, Governor-General of Algiers  
27 July 1870 to 23 October 1870 Louis, Baron Durieu, Governor-General of Algiers  
23 October 1870 to 24 October 1870 Jean Walsin-Esterhazy, Governor-General of Algiers  
24 October 1870 to 16 November 1870 Henri-Gabriel Didier, Governor-General of Algiers  
16 November 1870 to 8 February 1871 Charles de Bouzet, Prefect of Oran and Extraordinary Commissioner of the Republic  
c. November 1870 to March 1871 Benoît-François-Désiré-Romuald Vuillermoz, Mayor of Algiers and Head of the Committee of Defence In rebellion
8 February 1871 to 21 March 1871 Alexis Lambert, Prefect of Oran and Extraordinary Commissioner of the Republic  
21 March 1871 to 10 June 1873 Louis Henri de Gueydon, Governor-General of Algeria  
10 June 1873 to 15 March 1879 Antoine-Eugène-Alfred Chanzy, Governor-General of Algeria  
15 March 1879 to 26 November 1881 Albert Grévy, acting Governor-General of Algeria  
26 November 1881 to 18 April 1891 Louis Tirman, Governor-General of Algeria  
18 April 1891 to 28 September 1897 Jules Cambon, Governor-General of Algeria  
28 September 1897 to 1 October 1897 Henri-Auguste Lozé, Governor-General of Algeria  
1 October 1897 to 26 July 1898 Louis Lépine, Governor-General of Algeria  
26 July 1898 to 3 October 1900 Edouard Laferrière, Governor-General of Algeria  
3 October 1900 to 18 June 1901 Célestin-Charles Jonnart, acting Governor-General of Algeria 1st term
18 June 1901 to 11 April 1903 Paul Révoil, Governor-General of Algeria  
11 April 1903 to 5 May 1903 Maurice Varnier, acting Governor-General of Algeria  
5 May 1903 to 22 May 1911 Célestin-Charles Jonnart, acting Governor-General of Algeria 2nd term
22 May 1911 to 29 January 1918 Charles Lutaud, Governor-General of Algeria  
29 January 1918 to 29 August 1919 Célestin-Charles Jonnart, acting Governor-General of Algeria 3rd term
29 August 1919 to 28 July 1921 Jean-Baptiste Eugène Abel, Governor-General of Algeria  
28 July 1921 to 17 April 1925 Théodore Steeg, Governor-General of Algeria  
17 April 1925 to 12 May 1925 Henri Dubief, acting Governor-General of Algeria  
12 May 1925 to 20 November 1927 Maurice Viollette, Governor-General of Algeria  
20 November 1927 to 3 October 1930 Pierre-Louis Bordes, Governor-General of Algeria  
3 October 1930 to 21 September 1935 Jules-Gaston Henri Carde, Governor-General of Algeria  
21 September 1935 to 19 July 1940 Georges le Beau, Governor-General of Algeria  
19 July 1940 to 16 July 1941 Jean-Charles Abrial, Governor-General of Algeria  
16 July 1941 to 20 September 1941 Maxime Weygand, Governor-General of Algeria  
20 September 1941 to 20 January 1943 Yves-Charles Chatel, acting Governor-General of Algeria  
20 January 1943 to 3 June 1943 Bernard-Marcel-Edmond Peyrouton, Governor-General of Algeria  
3 June 1943 to 8 September 1944 Georges Albert Julien Catroux, Governor-General of Algeria 1st term
8 September 1944 to 11 February 1948 Yves Chataigneau, Governor-General of Algeria  
11 February 1948 to 9 March 1951 Marcel-Edmond Naegelen, Governor-General of Algeria  
12 April 1951 to 26 January 1955 Roger Léonard, Governor-General of Algeria  
26 January 1955 to 1 February 1956 Jacques-Émile Soustelle, Governor-General of Algeria  
1 February 1956 to 9 February 1956 Georges Albert Julien Catroux, Governor-General of Algeria 2nd term
9 February 1956 to 13 May 1958 Robert Lacoste, Governor-General of Algeria  
13 May 1958 to 1 June 1958 André Mutter, Governor-General of Algeria  
13 May 1958 to 23 May 1958 Jacques Massu, President of the Committee of Public Safety In rebellion during the May 1958 crisis
23 May 1958 to 7 June 1958 Committee of Public Safety:-
Jacques Massu, President of the Central Committee of Public Safety
Sid Cara, President of the Central Committee of Public Safety
7 June 1958 to 12 December 1958 Raoul-Albin-Louis Salan, Delegate-general of Algeria  
12 December 1958 to 23 November 1960 Paul-Albert-Louis Delouvrier, Delegate-general of Algeria  
23 November 1960 to 19 March 1962 Jean Morin, Delegate-general of Algeria  
21 April 1961 to 25 April 1961 Directorate:- In rebellion during the Algiers putsch of 1961
Maurice Challe
André Zeller
Edmond Jouhaud
Raoul Salan
19 March 1962 to 3 July 1962 Christian Fouchet, High Commissioner  
3 July 1962 to 25 September 1962 Abderrahmane Farès, High Commissioner and Chairman of the Provisional Executive  

For continuation after independence, see: List of heads of state of Algeria

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit