Colombian grima

Colombian grima is a martial art that was developed by Afro-Colombian communities during the colonial era that utilizes the use of a machete in combat.[1]

Grima
Maestros Esgrima de Machete.jpg
Colombian Grima maestros (masters)
Also known asColombian grima, Colombian esgrima, Colombian fencing, Colombian machete fencing
FocusMachete
Country of origin Colombia
Olympic sportNo

HistoryEdit

Among contemporary masters of the art, there are a number of competing ideas as to the origins of grima. Although there are numerous variants on these, they fall into four groups. The first group views grima as having come from Africa along with enslaved Africans brought to work in the mines of Colombia and the second group traces grima directly to European sword-fighting experts who visited Colombia in colonial times. The third group see grima's "desgonses" as evidence that Colombian grima was formed by blacks developing their own styles inspired by the European sword-fighting they witnessed, while the fourth group traces grima to the Wars of Independence when it was taught by foreign soldiers to Colombian troops. In the near future comparative research on the fencing histories of the Atlantic world may provide clearer details on the historical relationship between Colombian grima styles and other fencing traditions in the wider Atlantic world.[2]

StylesEdit

There are many different variations of Colombian Grima and they differ throughout the country. These different styles are called "juegos". Juegos differ in utilization and movements.[2]

JuegosEdit

  1. Español Reformado was played at long ranges with long erect stances and linear footwork.[3]
  2. Palo Negro was practiced at close range and trained in circular walking patterns.[3]
  3. Relancino was similar to Palo Negro but emphasized deceptive attacking combinations and the defensive utilization of low-crouching positions and double handed blocks.[4]

Other examples include; Sombra Caucana, Cubano, Español, Venezolano, Costeño and many others. Each style slightly differs in stance, range, footwork, tactic, and choreographed sequence, but follow the same eight common core strikes and defenses.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jorge (2019-03-13). "La grima colombiana". Easy Español. Retrieved 2020-08-12.
  2. ^ a b Tucker, Anthony (2017-01-09). "The Deadly Martial Art of the Machete". Martial Arts Lab. Retrieved 2020-08-13.
  3. ^ a b c Dr. T. J. Desch-Obi. "Peinillas and Popular Participation: Machete fighting in Haiti, Cuba, and Colombia". uninorte.edu.co. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Colombian grima". Archived from the original on 2014-06-10.