Colegio Nacional de Arquitectos de Cuba

Colegio Nacional de Arquitectos de Cuba (C.N.A.C.) is a Cuban national institution that grew out of El Colegio de Arquitectos de La Habana.

Colegio Nacional de Arquitectos de Cuba
Colegio-Nacional-de-Arquitectos Cuba Logo.jpg
C.N.A.C. logo
Havana Art Deco (8835288873).jpg
Corner of Calles Infanta and Humboldt
General information
TypeOffice
Architectural styleArt deco
LocationEl Vedado
AddressAvenida Infanta y Calle 104 Humboldt
Town or cityCoat of arms of La Habana.svg Ciudad de La Habana
CountryCuba Cuba
Coordinates23°08′30″N 82°22′44″W / 23.1418°N 82.3788°W / 23.1418; -82.3788Coordinates: 23°08′30″N 82°22′44″W / 23.1418°N 82.3788°W / 23.1418; -82.3788
Estimated completion1926
RenovatedMarch 13, 1947
OwnerColegio de Arquitectos
Height40'
Technical details
MaterialCoral stone
Floor count3
Floor area2500sq ft
Design and construction
ArchitectFernando de Zárraga & Mario Esquiroz
Other information
Number of rooms28

HistoryEdit

FoundingEdit

It was founded in Havana on March 13, 1916. Established by legislation, the compulsory licensing of these professionals and the Provincial Colleges of Architects were founded, giving way in 1933 to the constitution of the National College of Architects of Cuba.

LegalEdit

On April 5, 1916, at a meeting held at Tacón Street No. 2, with the presence of the architects Gabriel Román Casals, Rogelio Santana Fernández, Jorge Broderman de Vignier and Lorenzo Rodríguez Ubals, the following minutes were drawn up:

The gentlemen who, at the margin, expresses themselves in the session, are in the chair, at the request of those present Mr. Gabriel Román Casals, who explains the reason for the citation, noting the disagreeable situation that the professional architects find with respect to the works that are executed in this city and the technical and artistic deficiencies that almost all of them suffers and understands that it is convenient, both for professional architects and for the beautification of our capital and guarantee of the owners, to ensure that the works that are built in the future, have a real facultative direction in the achievement of these purposes, forming an association (COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTS) to ensure compliance with current laws and greater prestige of the profession.

ArchitectureEdit

 
Colegio Nacional de Arquitectos de Cuba. Floor Plan

The circulation of the Colegio Nacional de Arquitectos building is through a double-loaded corridor. It was one of the first curtain walls to be used in Cuba.[1] The building consists of a semi-basement and two floors that houses offices, a library, recreation rooms, an auditorium, and a large spiral staircase that forms a large space on three levels which is illuminated by natural light from three panels of glass blocks. It has several outdoor porches. On the outside, coral stone and green Cuban marble are used. The main part of the building (auditorium) is covered by a gable roof, the rest of the building has a flat roof.

DirectorsEdit

In 1928 the board was formed by Esteban Rodríguez Castells who was the first vice president, Emilio de Soto, the second vice president, Miguel Ángel Moenck served as treasurer and Alberto Camacho was the librarian, artistic director of the magazine and member of the Legal and Advertising Commission.

Other members were the architects Joaquín Weiss, Enrique Luis Varela, Pedro Martínez Inclán and Pérez Benitoa, who was a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee.

Between 1950 and 1961, they occupied the presidency, Rene Echarte Mazorra, Pedro Guerra Seguí, Agustín Sorhegui Vázquez, Vicente J. Salles Burell, Horacio Navarrete Serrano and Rodulfo Ibarra Pérez.[2]

Decree-Law No. 3174Edit

The Colegio Nacional de Arquitectos de Cuba emerged as a result of Decree-Law No. 3174 of the Ministry of Public Works on December 13, 1933.[3] The Colegio had six provincial headquarters throughout the country. The law established that all work built in the country should have the approval of the school. Segunda Zafra presents the list of architects who formed part of the National College of Architects of Cuba in 1940, its Executive Committee, its Provincial Colleges and its Honorary and Correspondent partners, both in Cuba and abroad. National College of Architects of Cuba (1916).[4] As of December 31, 1958, there were 676 architects licensed and registered in the National College of which 590 were in the Provincial College of Havana.[5]

In 1924, proposals were requested and the project was awarded to Architect César Guerra. In 1926 the building was finished, however soon thereafter it was discovered that the building was too small to include many of the required functions. In 1945 proposals were once again accepted for the enlargement of the existing building. The new building by architects Esquiroz and Zarraga resulted in a total reconstruction of the existing building.

Other organizationsEdit

In 1932 the Federation of Architects of Cuba was created, which grouped the professionals who began to practice outside of Havana, until the 1950s had about 90% of architects based in the capital.[2]

Premio anualEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Colegio de Arquitectos II". Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  2. ^ a b "Colegio de Arquitectos de La Habana". Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  3. ^ "GUIDE TO CUBAN LAW AND LEGAL RESEARCH" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-10-15.
  4. ^ "Professional and Institutional Life of Cuban Architects in Cuba from 1900 to 1961" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  5. ^ "COLEGIO NACIONAL DE ARQUITECTOS DE CUBA". Retrieved 2018-10-01.
  6. ^ "Edificio para el seguro medico, La Habana". hdl:2099.1/7627. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

GalleryEdit

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