Coldstream (Scottish Gaelic: An Sruthan Fuar, Scots: Caustrim) is a town and civil parish in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland. A former burgh, Coldstream is the home of the Coldstream Guards, a regiment in the British Army.
Coldstream Bridge over the River Tweed
|Coldstream shown within the Scottish Borders|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Coldstream lies on the north bank of the River Tweed in Berwickshire, while Northumberland in England lies to the south bank, with Cornhill-on-Tweed the nearest village. At the 2001 census, the town had a population of 1,813, which was estimated to have risen to 2,050 by 2006. The parish, in 2001, had a population of 2,186.
Coldstream is the location where Edward I of England invaded Scotland in 1296. In February 1316 during the Wars of Scottish Independence, Sir James Douglas defeated a numerically superior force of Gascon soldiery led by Edmond de Caillou at the Skaithmuir to the north of the town. Originating in Coldstream, Scotland in 1650, the Coldstream Guards (a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army) is the oldest regiment in the Regular Army in continuous active service. General George Monck founded the regiment. It is one of two regiments of the Household Division that can trace its lineage to the New Model Army.
In 2015, retired Coldstream guards officer and travel writer Harry Bucknall walked from Coldstream to St Pauls Cathedral in London following the journey made by George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle when he marched from Coldstream to London enabling the Restoration of King Charles II. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Coldstream was a popular centre for runaway marriages, much like Gretna Green, as it lay on a major road (now the A697). A monument to Charles Marjoribanks (d. 1833), MP for Berwickshire, whose ancestral home was in nearby Lees, stands at the east end of the town, near the Coldstream Bridge. Alec Douglas-Home (d. 1995), who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1963 to 1964, is buried in Coldstream.
Notable buildings in the town include the toll house where marriages were conducted, and The Hirsel, which is the family seat of the Earls of Home. Each year, during the first week of August, Coldstream hosts a traditional "Civic Week" where it includes historical aspects of the town's history such as the Torchlight procession and horse-rides to the Battle of Flodden battlefield.
- The Online Scots Dictionary
- "Comparative Population Profile: Coldstream Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 September 2009. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "Census 2001: Usual Resident Population: Civil Parish: Coldstream". Scotland's Census Results Online. General Register Office for Scotland. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- Alec Douglas-Home (1903 - 1995) - Find A Grave Memorial