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Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of California

The Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of California is a federally recognized tribe of Mono Native Americans. Cold Springs Rancheria is the tribe's reservation, which is located in Fresno County, California.[1] As of the 2010 Census the population was 184.[2]

Contents

CultureEdit

The Cold Springs tribe is composed of Western Mono Indians, whose traditional homeland is in the southern Sierra Nevada foothills of California. The Mono language is part of the Uto-Aztecan language family. Acorns are a traditional staple food with great symbolic importance.[3] Their oral history is included in Mono traditional narratives. Whom came up with the name Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of California? (unknown)

GovernmentEdit

They ratified their current tribal constitution on April 11, 1970 and last amended it in 2001.[4] Their Tribal Council is democratically elected and includes a Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson, Secretary-Treasurer and three Council Members. Additionally all tribal members 18 years old or older form a voting General Council.[4]

EnrollmentEdit

Tribal enrollment to the Cold Springs Rancheria is limited to those members listed on the 1960 Plan for Distribution of Assets of the Cold Springs Rancheria roles and their lineal descendants that have a blood quantum of at least one-quarter degree of Californian Indian blood.[4] Approximately 159 to 193 people lived on the Cold Springs Rancheria, and there are 265 to 275 enrolled members of the tribe.[5][6]

ReservationEdit

The Cold Springs Rancheria occupies 155 acres (0.63 km2) in Sycamore Valley, located 45 miles (72 km) east of Fresno, California. The lands are close to Tollhouse, California, where the tribe is headquartered.[6]

Mono tribesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Pritzker, 137
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=0720
  3. ^ California Indians and Their Reservations. SDSU Library and Information Access. (retrieved 24 July 2009)
  4. ^ a b c Constitution and Bylaws of the Cold Springs Rancheria. Archived 2008-11-28 at the Wayback Machine (retrieved 24 July 2009)
  5. ^ Pritzker, 136-7
  6. ^ a b California Indians and Their Reservations. Archived February 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine SDSU Library and Information Access. (retrieved 24 July 2009)

ReferencesEdit

  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1

External linksEdit