Codonopsis is a genus of flowering plant in the family Campanulaceae. As currently recognized, Codonopsis includes two other groups sometimes separated as distinct genera, i.e. Campanumoea and Leptocodon.[1][2][3][4] The enlarged genus Codonopsis is widespread across eastern, southern, central, and southeastern Asia, including China, Japan, the Russian Far East, Kazakhstan, the Indian Subcontinent, Iran, Indochina, Indonesia, etc.

Codonopsis
Codonopsis pilosula flowers.jpg
Codonopsis pilosula
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Campanulaceae
Subfamily: Campanuloideae
Genus: Codonopsis
Wall. (1824)
Synonyms[1]
  • Campanumoea Blume
  • Glosocomia D.Don
  • Glossocomia Rchb.
  • Leptocodon (Hook.f.) Lem.

UsesEdit

Medicinal usesEdit

Codonopsis pilosula (Chinese: ; pinyin: dǎngshēn) is an important medicinal herb in traditional Chinese medicine.[5]

Food usesEdit

 
Deodeok muchim, a Korean salad made from C. lanceolata

Codonopsis lanceolata (Korean: deodeok) is used as a food in Korean cuisine.

SpeciesEdit

Species currently (July 2014) accepted by Kew's World Checklist.[1] Species with no range given are endemic to China

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ K.E. Morris and T.G. Lammers (1997). "Circumscription of Codonopsis and the allied genera Campanumoea and Leptocodon (Campanulaceae: Campanuloideae). I. Palynological data". Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 36: 277–284.
  3. ^ Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Continental Publishing, Deurne.
  4. ^ Flora of China v 19 p 505, 桔梗科 jie geng ke, Campanulaceae
  5. ^ Li, C. Y., et al. (2009). Quality assessment of Radix Codonopsis by quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance. Journal of Chromatography A 1216(11) 2124-29.


Codonopsis Examples and Information