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Cocoseae is a tribe of cocosoid palms of the family Arecaceae.

Cocoseae
Cocotierjeune.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Cocoseae
Mart. ex Dumort.
Genera

See text

DescriptionEdit

The fruit of the Cocoseae is a modified drupe, with a sclerenchymatous epicarp and a highly developed mesocarp, formed mainly by parenchyma . The endocarp is generally sclerenchymatous and protects the seeds from predation and drying. The most obvious synapomorphy of the species of this tribe is the presence, in the endocarp, of three or more "eyes" or pores of germination.[1]

DistributionEdit

The Cocoseae are distributed mainly in the Neotropical reigons, with otwo genera endemic to Africa(Jubaeopsis and Elaeis) and Madagascar ( Beccariophoenix and Voanioala ), respectively.

GeneraEdit

Tribe Image Genus Living Species
Beccariophoenicinae J.Dransf. & Uhl   Beccariophoenix Jum. & H.Perrier
Butiinae Saakov   Allagoptera Nees
  Butia (Becc.) Becc - jelly palm
  Jubaea Kunth
  Jubaeopsis Becc.
  Cocos L.
  Syagrus Mart.
  Lytocaryum Toledo
  Parajubaea Burret
  Polyandrococos Barb. Rodr
Voanioala J. Dransf.
Attaleinae Drude   Attalea Kunth
Elaeidinae Hook.f. Barcella (Trail) Trail ex Drude
  Elaeis Jacq.
Bactridinae Drude   Acrocomia Mart.
  Aiphanes Willd.
  Astrocaryum G.Mey.
Atitara (Trail) Trail ex Drude
  Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
Desmoncus (Trail) Trail ex Drude

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gunn BF (Feb 2004). "The Phylogeny of the Cocoeae (Arecaceae) with Emphasis on Cocos nucifera". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 91 (3): 505–522. ISSN 0026-6493.

External linksEdit