Salinas, Puerto Rico

Salinas (Spanish pronunciation: [saˈlinas]) is a municipality in the southern part of Puerto Rico located in the southern coast of the island, south of Aibonito and Cayey; southeast of Coamo, east of Santa Isabel; and west of Guayama. Salinas is spread over 5 wards and Salinas Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city).

Salinas

Municipio de Salinas
Town and Municipality
Cordillera Central as seen from Salinas
Cordillera Central as seen from Salinas
Flag of Salinas
Flag
Coat of arms of Salinas
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
"El Pueblo del Mojo Isleño", "Cuna del Mojito Isleño", "Los Marlins"
Anthem: "Salinas"
Location of Salinas in Puerto Rico
Location of Salinas in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 17°58′39″N 66°17′53″W / 17.9774659°N 66.2979460°W / 17.9774659; -66.2979460Coordinates: 17°58′39″N 66°17′53″W / 17.9774659°N 66.2979460°W / 17.9774659; -66.2979460
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
FoundedJuly 22, 1851
Government
 • MayorKarilyn Bonilla Colón (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.6 - Guayama
 • Representative dist.30 
Area
 • Total69.7 sq mi (180.4 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total31,078
 • Density450/sq mi (170/km2)
 • Racial groups
(2000 Census) [1]
74.6%White
10.6% Black
0.4% American Indian/AN
0.1% Asian
0.1% Native Hawaiian/PI
9.8% Some other race
4.5% Two or more races
Demonym(s)Salinenses
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Zip code
00751
Area code787
Major routesPR secondary 1.svg PR secondary 3.svg Ellipse sign 180.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg Toll plate yellow.svg
PR primary 52.svg PR primary 53.svg

It has long been a fishing spot for Puerto Ricans, known for its beaches, fish variety and the birthplace of the famous "mojito isleño".

Although Salinas doesn't have any commercial airports, there is a military training area there. Camp Santiago, which is Puerto Rico National Guard training center. Army National Guard, Air National Guard, State Guard, U.S. Army ROTC, U.S. Army Reserve and the U.S. Army conduct military training at Camp Santiago.

Salinas is also home to Miss Universe 2006, Zuleyka Rivera and to the former World Boxing Association Welterweight champion of the world, Angel Espada.

HistoryEdit

Salinas was founded in July 22, 1841 by Don Agustín Colón Pacheco as Mayor, Don Jose Maria Cadavedo as Sargent of Arms, Don Juan Colon as Captain of the Civil Guard and five hacendados which were Don Antonio Semidey, Don Antonio Morelli, Don Francisco Secola, Don Julio Delannoy and Don Jose Antonio Torres.

GeographyEdit

 
Cerro Las Tetas as seen from a rest area on PR-52, km 49.0

Salinas is on the southern coast.[2]

BarriosEdit

 
Subdivisions of Salinas.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Salinas is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[3][4][5][6]

  1. Aguirre
  2. Lapa
  3. Palmas
  4. Quebrada Yeguas
  5. Río Jueyes
  6. Salinas barrio-pueblo[7]

EconomyEdit

AgricultureEdit

Salinas is one of the main agricultural producers on the southern coast of Puerto Rico. It has large banana and papaya farms in its Lapa and Aguirre barrios. The Río Jueyes barrio is one of the main producers of beef in the south, counting with La Hacienda Las Carolinas which supplies Ganaderia Santiago, a slaughter house, with meat. Salinas also is headquarters for Canto Alegre, a company which specializes in poultry. This company supplies most of Puerto Rico's supermarkets with fresh poultry.

BusinessEdit

  • Apparel, commercial fishing.

IndustryEdit

The Aguirre Sugar Cane Mill was the last operational sugar cane mill in Puerto Rico, and closed its doors in 1993. The Central Aguirre Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic places but there are no current plans to renovate the area, and is now mostly in ruins.[8] Some other industries in Salinas include electrical and electronic machinery, plastics, sunglasses.

Special Communities ProgramEdit

In 2001, law 1-2001 was passed[9] to identify communities with high levels of poverty in Puerto Rico.[10] In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[11][12] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods are in Salinas: Las Mareas, Playita, Comunidad Aguirre, El Coquí, Parcelas Vázquez, San Felipe, Sector Borinquén, and Sector Villa Cofresí.[13]

TourismEdit

Landmarks and places of interestEdit

 
View of "El Cayo Matias" in Salinas

There are 17 beaches in Salinas.[14] Some of Salina's main attractions are:

  • Albergue Olímpico (Olympic Hostel), is a sports complex and hostel with air conditioned rooms.[15]
  • Antigua Central Aguirre (Sugar Cane Mill)
  • Camp Santiago
  • Sports Museum
  • Playa Salinas

CultureEdit

Festivals and eventsEdit

  • Abey Carnival - February
    • Abey - Cacique (Chief) of yucayeque-(village) in the area of Abeyno Salinas, Puerto Rico.
  • Pescao Festival - June
  • Matron Celebration - September
  • Festival Del Mojo Isleño

DemographicsEdit

The United States took control of Puerto Rico from Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898 and conducted its first census of Puerto Rico, finding that the population of Salinas was 5,731.

Census Pop.
19005,731
191011,40399.0%
192012,97113.8%
193015,44619.1%
194019,40025.6%
195023,43520.8%
196023,133−1.3%
197021,837−5.6%
198026,43821.1%
199028,3357.2%
200031,1139.8%
201031,078−0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
1899 (shown as 1900)[17] 1910-1930[18]
1930-1950[19] 1960-2000[20] 2010[5]
Demographic distribution
Race - Salinas, Puerto Rico - 2000 Census[21]
Race Population % of Total
White 4,645 74.6%
Black/African American 647 10.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 29 0.4%
Asian 8 0.1%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 2 0.1%
Some other race 599 9.8%
Two or more races 211 4.5%

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. Karilyn Bonilla Colón (of the Popular Democratic Party) was elected as mayor at the 2012 general election, succeeding Carlos Rodríguez Mateo.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VI, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Miguel Pereira Castillo and Angel M. Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[22]

TransportationEdit

There are 41 bridges in Salinas.[23]

SymbolsEdit

FlagEdit

On a green rectangular field, five white isosceles triangles equal in size, placed in the center of the flag and forming a row that covers the extent of the background. The green represents the land and the triangles hills of salt from which the name of the town is derived.

Coat of armsEdit

The shield uses the traditional colors of the town; green and silver. The salt knolls indicate in graphical form the name of the town: Salinas. The fish refer to the fishing. The sugar cane leaves that surround the shield, symbolize the sugar cane plantations.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Demographics/Ethnic U.S 2000 census" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 February 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Salinas Municipality". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Archived from the original on 2019-04-04. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  3. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969. Archived from the original on 2018-12-26. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  4. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2018-12-26.
  6. ^ "Map of Salinas at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  7. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  8. ^ "The Ruins of Central Aguirre". Atlas Obscura. Archived from the original on 13 June 2019. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  13. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  14. ^ "Las 1,200 playas de Puerto Rico [The 1200 beaches of Puerto Rico]". Primera Hora (in Spanish). April 14, 2017. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  15. ^ Valiente, Jose (July 7, 2019). "S2 VLOG_098 Como vive un atleta en el albergue olimpico" – via YouTube.
  16. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  17. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  18. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  19. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  20. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Ethnicity 2000 census" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 February 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  22. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  23. ^ "Salinas Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

External linksEdit