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Coalisland is a small town in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, with a population of 4,917 in 2001. Four miles from Lough Neagh, it was formerly a centre for coal mining.

Coalisland
Coalisland heading south.jpg
View from the north of the town
Coalisland is located in Northern Ireland
Coalisland
Coalisland shown within Northern Ireland
Population 4,917 (2001 Census)
Irish grid reference H8366
• Belfast 35 miles (56 km)
District
County
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DUNGANNON
Postcode district BT71
Dialling code 028
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Tyrone
54°32′31″N 6°41′38″W / 54.542°N 6.694°W / 54.542; -6.694Coordinates: 54°32′31″N 6°41′38″W / 54.542°N 6.694°W / 54.542; -6.694

Contents

HistoryEdit

On 24 August 1968, the Campaign for Social Justice (CSJ), the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA), and other groups, held the first civil rights march in Northern Ireland, from Coalisland to Dungannon. The rally was officially banned, but took place and passed off without incident. The publicity surrounding the march encouraged other protesting groups to form branches of the NICRA.[3]

The TroublesEdit

From 1969 to 2001, a total of 20 people were shot in or near Coalisland during the Troubles. The British Army killed a total of eight people, seven of whom were Provisional Irish Republican Army members and one a Catholic civilian,[4] and the IRA in turn killed five British soldiers, three Royal Ulster Constabulary policemen, one ex-Ulster Defence Regiment soldier, and two Catholic civilians, all in separate incidents. The Ulster Volunteer Force was responsible for the murder of a Catholic civilian in the nearby town of Aughamullan.[5]

TransportEdit

CanalEdit

The town was served by a canal (the Coalisland Canal or Tyrone Navigation), although this is now derelict. A campaign for its restoration is underway.

RailEdit

Coalisland railway station was opened on 28 July 1897, closed for passenger traffic on 16 January 1956 and for goods traffic on 5 October 1959, finally closing altogether on 1 April 1965. There are no remains of the railway other than the bridge on the Derry Road and an old goods shed and grown over platforms.[6]

BusEdit

Daily bus services operated by Ulsterbus go through the town every 15–60 minutes:

80 DungannonCookstown via Coalisland

80A Dungannon–Coalisland

80B Dungannon–Coalisland via Newmills

80C DungannonKillen

80D Stewartsown Carpark via Brocagh

EducationEdit

SportEdit

DemographyEdit

19th century populationEdit

The population of the village increased during the 19th century:[7][8][9][10]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 451 627 661 598 677 785
Houses 103 120 143 135 159 191

21st century populationEdit

Coalisland is classified by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) as a small town (i.e. with population between 4,500 and 10,000 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 4,917 people living in Coalisland. Of these:

  • 29.6% were aged under 16 years and 12.4% were aged 60 and over
  • 48.2% of the population were male and 51.8% were female
  • 95.8% were from a Catholic background and 3.8% were from a Protestant background
  • 4.6% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.
  • 0.0% of people were of a Jewish background.

PeopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ulster-Scots guide to Moira Station – Department of the Environment
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1968". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 11 July 2009. 
  4. ^ "Relatives for Justice". [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "CAIN (Conflict Archive on the Internet) - List of Deaths". [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Coalisland station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  7. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 

External linksEdit