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Clovis II (634 – 27 November 657 or 658) succeeded his father Dagobert I at the age of 5 in 639 as King of Neustria and Burgundy. His brother Sigebert III had been King of Austrasia since 634. He was initially under the regency of his mother Nanthild until her death in her early thirties in 642. This death allowed him to fall under the influence of the secular magnates, who reduced the royal power in their own favour.

Clovis II
Tiers de sous d'or de Clovis II.png
A tremissis of Clovis II
King of Neustria and Burgundy
Reign 639-657
Predecessor Dagobert I
Successor Chlothar III
Born 634
Died 27 November 657 (aged 22–23)
Burial Saint Denis Basilica, Paris
Spouse Balthild
Issue Chlothar III
Childeric II
Theuderic III
Dynasty Merovingian
Father Dagobert I
Mother Nanthild

Clovis' wife, Balthild, whose Anglo-Saxon origins are now considered doubtful, was sold into slavery in Gaul. She had been owned by Clovis' mayor of the palace, Erchinoald, who gave her to him to garner royal favour.[1] She bore him three sons who all became kings after his death. The eldest, Chlothar, succeeded him and his second eldest, Childeric, was placed on the Austrasian throne by Ebroin while Clovis was still alive. The youngest, Theuderic, succeeded Childeric in Neustria and eventually became the sole king of the Franks.

Clovis was a minor for almost the whole of his reign, as he died at age 23, barely 3 years after he hit adulthood. He is sometimes regarded as king of Austrasia during the interval 656–57 when Childebert the Adopted had usurped the throne. He is often regarded as an early roi fainéant. Medieval monks deemed him insane and attribute "the stupidity of his descendants" to that cause.[2] Noted Belgian historian Henri Pirenne stated that Clovis "died insane."[3]

Clovis II was buried in Saint Denis Basilica, Paris.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Saint Bathilde". New Advent. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  2. ^ Platts, John (1825). A New Universal Biography. London. p. 2.2.468. 
  3. ^ Pirenne, Henri (1939). Mohammad and Charlemagne. London: Routledge. p. 191. ISBN 978-0486420110. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 

External linksEdit

Clovis II
Born: 637 Died: 657
Preceded by
Dagobert I
King of Neustria and Burgundy
639–655
Succeeded by
Chlothar III