Clover Bar (provincial electoral district)

Clover Bar was a provincial electoral district in Alberta, Canada mandated to return a single member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1930 to 1993.[1]

Clover Bar
Alberta electoral district
Defunct provincial electoral district
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Alberta
District created1930
District abolished1993
First contested1930
Last contested1989

HistoryEdit

The Clover Bar electoral district was formed from the Edmonton, Leduc and Victoria electoral districts prior to the 1930 Alberta general election. The Clover Bar electoral district would be abolished and the Clover Bar-Fort Saskatchewan electoral district would be formed in its place prior to the 1993 Alberta general election.

Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs)Edit

Members of the Legislative Assembly for Clover Bar
Assembly Years Member Party
See Edmonton electoral district from 1921-1930,
Leduc electoral district from 1905-1930
and Victoria electoral district from 1905-1930
7th  1930–1935     Rudolph Hennig United Farmers
8th  1935–1940     Floyd M. Baker Social Credit
9th  1940–1944
10th  1944–1948
11th  1948–1952
12th  1952–1955
13th  1955–1959
14th  1959–1963
15th  1963–1967
16th  1967–1971 Walter A. Buck
17th  1971–1975
18th  1975–1979
19th  1969–1982
20th  1982–1986     Independent
21st  1986–1989     Representative
22nd  1989–1993     Kurt Gesell Progressive Conservative
See Clover Bar-Fort Saskatchewan electoral district from 1993-2001

Election resultsEdit

1930 general electionEdit

1930 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United Farmers Rudolph Hennig 1,338 46.20%
Independent Christian Hein 866 29.90%
Conservative S. T. Bigelow 692 23.90%
Total 2,896
Ballot Transfer Results
United Farmers Rudolph Hennig 1,462 56.73%
Independent Christian Hein 1,115 43.27%
Total 2,577
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 170
Eligible electors / Turnout 4,451 68.88%
United Farmers pickup new district.
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1930 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
Instant-runoff voting requires a candidate to receive a plurality (greater than 50%) of the votes.
As no candidate received a plurality of votes, the bottom candidate was eliminated and their 2nd place votes were applied to both other candidates until one received a plurality

1935 general electionEdit

1935 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Floyd M. Baker 2,503 53.07%
Liberal M. G. Christie 1,105 23.43%
United Farmers D. Roberts 844 17.90% -19.30%
Conservative S. Savage 264 5.60% -18.30%
Total 4,716
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 130
Eligible electors / Turnout 5,636 85.98% 17.07%
Social Credit gain from United Farmers Swing N/A%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1935 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1940 general electionEdit

1940 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
First Count
Social Credit Floyd M. Baker 2,252 44.17% -8.90%
Co-operative Commonwealth David Roberts 1,476 28.95%
Independent A. H. Gibson 1,370 14.92%
Total 5,098
Ballot Transfer Results
Social Credit Floyd M. Baker 2,418 59.19%
Co-operative Commonwealth David Roberts 1,667 40.81%
Total 4,085
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 208
Eligible electors / Turnout 6,814 77.87% -8.11%
Social Credit hold Swing N/A%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1940 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
Instant-runoff voting requires a candidate to receive a plurality (greater than 50%) of the votes.
As no candidate received a plurality of votes, the bottom candidate was eliminated and their 2nd place votes were applied to both other candidates until one received a plurality

1944 general electionEdit

1944 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Floyd M. Baker 2,969 63.69% 19.52%
Co-operative Commonwealth David Roberts 1,693 36.31% 7.36%
Total 4,662
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 53
Eligible electors / Turnout 6,560 71.88% -5.99%
Social Credit hold Swing 13.69%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1944 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1948 general electionEdit

1948 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Floyd M. Baker 2,801 60.93% -2.75%
Co-operative Commonwealth Alfred O. Arntson 1,035 22.51% -13.80%
Liberal R. M. MacCrimmon 761 16.55%
Total 4,597
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 297
Eligible electors / Turnout 6,985 70.06% -1.81%
Social Credit hold Swing 5.52%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1948 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1952 general electionEdit

1952 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Floyd M. Baker 2,238 56.77% -4.16%
Co-operative Commonwealth Martin Reynolds 935 23.72% 1.20%
Liberal Joseph R. Sweeney 769 19.51% 2.95%
Total 3,942
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 262
Eligible electors / Turnout 6,354 66.16% -3.90%
Social Credit hold Swing -2.68%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1952 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1955 general electionEdit

1955 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
First Count
Social Credit Floyd M. Baker 2,314 47.64% -9.13%
Liberal Wilfred McLean 1,609 33.13% 13.62%
Co-operative Commonwealth Martin Reynolds 603 12.42% -11.30%
Conservative Andrew M. Adamson 331 6.81%
Total 4,857
Ballot Transfer Results
Social Credit Floyd M. Baker 2,505 53.72%
Liberal Wilfred McLean 2,158 46.28%
Total 4,663
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 298
Eligible electors / Turnout 7,302 70.60% 4.54%
Social Credit hold Swing N/A%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1955 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
Instant-runoff voting requires a candidate to receive a plurality (greater than 50%) of the votes.
As no candidate received a plurality of votes, the bottom candidate was eliminated and their 2nd place votes were applied to both other candidates until one received a plurality

1959 general electionEdit

1959 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Floyd M. Baker 3,393 57.87% 10.23%
Progressive Conservative Andrew M. Adamson 1,225 20.89%
Liberal Roy C. Marler 935 15.95% -17.18%
Co-operative Commonwealth Ernest Wilfred Davies 310 5.29% -7.13%
Total 5,863
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 9
Eligible electors / Turnout 8,610 68.20% -2.40%
Social Credit hold Swing N/A%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1959 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1963 general electionEdit

1963 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Floyd M. Baker 3,730 57.71% -0.16%
Progressive Conservative Dan. F. Hollands 1,407 21.77% 0.88%
Liberal James P. O'Dwyer 791 12.24% -3.71%
New Democratic Paul Arthur Dorin 535 8.28% 2.99%
Total 6,463
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 7
Eligible electors / Turnout 10,498 61.63% -6.57%
Social Credit hold Swing -0.52%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1963 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1967 general electionEdit

1967 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Walter A. Buck 4,101 51.53% -6.19%
Progressive Conservative Dan. F. Hollands 2,215 27.83% 6.06%
New Democratic Alfred O. Arnston 1,175 14.76% 6.49%
Liberal Kazmer D. Curry 468 5.88% -6.36%
Total 7,959
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 28
Eligible electors / Turnout 11,979 66.68% 5.04%
Social Credit hold Swing -6.12%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1967 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1971 general electionEdit

1971 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Walter A. Buck 4,041 49.01% -2.52%
Progressive Conservative J. Devereux 3,468 42.06% 14.23%
New Democratic A. Karvonen 736 8.93% -5.84%
Total 8,245
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 26
Eligible electors / Turnout 11,532 71.72% 5.05%
Social Credit hold Swing -8.37%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1971 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1975 general electionEdit

1975 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Walter A. Buck 5,151 55.04% 6.03%
Progressive Conservative Murray Finnerty 3,211 34.31% -7.75%
New Democratic Duncan McArthur 799 8.54% -0.39%
Liberal David Cooke 197 2.11%
Total 9,358
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 24
Eligible electors / Turnout 14,341 65.42% -6.30%
Social Credit hold Swing 6.89%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1975 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1979 general electionEdit

1979 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Credit Walter A. Buck 6,033 53.42% -1.62%
Progressive Conservative C.G. (Butch) Thomlinson 3,947 34.95% 0.64%
New Democratic Graham Griffiths 1,102 9.76% 1.22%
Liberal Alan M. F. Dunn 211 1.87% -0.24%
Total 11,293
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined N/A
Eligible electors / Turnout 16,985 66.49% 1.07%
Social Credit hold Swing -1.13%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1979 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1982 general electionEdit

1982 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Walter A. Buck 6,312 41.49%
Progressive Conservative Sten Berg 5,434 35.72% 0.77%
Western Canada Concept Sig Jorstad 1,783 11.72%
New Democratic David Morris 1,683 11.06% 1.31%
Total 15,212
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 20
Eligible electors / Turnout 20,859 73.02% 6.54%
Independent gain from Social Credit Swing -6.35%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1982 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1986 general electionEdit

1986 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Representative Walter A. Buck 4,795 47.31%
Progressive Conservative Muriel Abdurahman 2,811 27.74% -7.99%
New Democratic Ken Robinson 2,085 20.57% 9.51%
Liberal Barry Shandro 444 4.38%
Total 10,135
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 10
Eligible electors / Turnout 16,705 60.73% -12.29%
Representative gain from Independent Swing 6.90%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1986 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

1989 general electionEdit

1989 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Kurt Gesell 3,717 34.56% 6.83%
Liberal Stephen Lindop 3,533 32.85% 28.47%
New Democratic W. H. (Skip) Gordon 3,505 32.59% 12.02%
Total 10,755
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 11
Eligible electors / Turnout 17,175 62.68% 1.95%
Progressive Conservative gain from Representative Swing -8.93%
Source(s)
Source: "Clover Bar Official Results 1989 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.

Plebiscite resultsEdit

1957 liquor plebisciteEdit

1957 Alberta liquor plebiscite results: Clover Bar[2]
Question A: Do you approve additional types of outlets for the
sale of beer, wine and spirituous liquor subject to a local vote?
Ballot Choice Votes %
Yes 3,035 67.87%
No 1,437 32.13%
Total Votes 4,472 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 75
9,655 Eligible Electors, Turnout 47.10%
Question B2: Should mixed drinking be allowed
in beer parlours in Edmonton and the surrounding areas?
Ballot Choice Votes %
Yes 1,076 88.78%
No 136 11.22%
Total Votes 1,212 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 35
2,320 Eligible Electors, Turnout 53.75%

On October 30, 1957 a stand alone plebiscite was held province wide in all 50 of the then current provincial electoral districts in Alberta. The government decided to consult Alberta voters to decide on liquor sales and mixed drinking after a divisive debate in the Legislature. The plebiscite was intended to deal with the growing demand for reforming antiquated liquor control laws.[3]

The plebiscite was conducted in two parts. Question A asked in all districts, asked the voters if the sale of liquor should be expanded in Alberta, while Question B asked in a handful of districts within the corporate limits of Calgary and Edmonton asked if men and woman were allowed to drink together in establishments.[2] Question B was slightly modified depending on which city the voters were in.[2]

Province wide Question A of the plebiscite passed in 33 of the 50 districts while Question B passed in all five districts. Clover Bar voted overwhelmingly in favor of the plebiscite. The district recorded average voter turnout almost being equal to the province wide 46% average.[2]

Clover Bar also voted on question B2 with a number of residents living inside the electoral district within the corporate limits of Edmonton. Residents voted for mixed drinking with a super majority. Turnout for question B was also quite high, the Edmonton residents averaged a significantly higher turnout then those who lived out of city.[2]

Official district returns were released to the public on December 31, 1957.[2] The Social Credit government in power at the time did not considered the results binding.[4] However the results of the vote led the government to repeal all existing liquor legislation and introduce an entirely new Liquor Act.[5]

Municipal districts lying inside electoral districts that voted against the Plebiscite were designated Local Option Zones by the Alberta Liquor Control Board and considered effective dry zones, business owners that wanted a license had to petition for a binding municipal plebiscite in order to be granted a license.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Election results for Clover Bar". abheritage.ca. Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Alberta Gazette. 53 (December 31 ed.). Government of Alberta. 1957. pp. 2, 247–2, 249.
  3. ^ "Albertans Vote 2 to 1 For More Liquor Outlets". Vol L No 273. The Lethbridge Herald. October 31, 1957. pp. 1–2.
  4. ^ "No Sudden Change In Alberta Drinking Habits Is Seen". Vol L No 267. The Lethbridge Herald. October 24, 1957. p. 1.
  5. ^ "Entirely New Act On Liquor". Vol LI No 72. The Lethbridge Herald. March 5, 1968. p. 1.
  6. ^ "Bill 81". Alberta Bills 12th Legislature 1st Session. Government of Alberta. 1958. p. 40.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit