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The Priory of Saint Mary, Clontuskert-Hy-Many, also called Clontuskert Abbey, is a medieval Augustinian priory and National Monument located in County Galway, Ireland.[1]

The Priory Church of Saint Mary, Clontuskert
Prióireacht Naomh Mhuire, Cluain Tuaiscirt Uí Maine
Clontuskert Priory Nave Doorway 2009 09 16.jpg
nave doorway with carved saints
Clontuskert Abbey is located in Ireland
Clontuskert Abbey
Location within Ireland
Monastery information
Other namesThe Old Abbey; Cluain-tuaiskirt-ua-maine; Clontuskert-Omanny
OrderArroasian Order
Establishedc. 800; 1180
Disestablished1550s; 1630
DioceseClonfert
People
Founder(s)Báedán
Architecture
Statusruined
StyleLate Gothic
Site
LocationAbbeypark, Ballinasloe, County Galway
Coordinates53°16′58″N 8°12′57″W / 53.282663°N 8.215720°W / 53.282663; -8.215720Coordinates: 53°16′58″N 8°12′57″W / 53.282663°N 8.215720°W / 53.282663; -8.215720
Visible remainsabbey church, cloister
Public accessyes
Official nameClontuskert Abbey
Reference no.461

Contents

LocationEdit

 
View of the overall complex

Clontuskert Abbey is located 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south of Ballinasloe, south of the Ballinure River (a tributary of the Suck).[2][3]

HistoryEdit

This was an early monastic site, founded c. AD 800 by Saint Boedan (Baedán, Baetan) and then located in the kingdom of Uí Maine. It should not be confused with Cloontuskert, located near Lanesborough and founded by Faithleach in the 6th century. Local tradition also states that Boedan's monastery was located not here, but at the ringfort at Chapelpark.

The Priory of St Mary, a priory of the Canons Regular, was founded for the Arroasian Order by the Ó Ceallaigh family c. 1180. It was built in the claustral plan in which the church and domestic buildings are arranged around a central cloister garth.

Clontuskert appears in the Calendar of Papal Petitions for 1379, where "Nicholas O’Quinaeych, Augustinian Canon of St. Mary’s Cluyctenagentomany [Clontuskert-Hy-Many]" was given a dispensation by Pope Urban VI to become prior of the monastery.

It burned down in 1404. It was soon rebuilt, with ten-year indulgences granted to those who paid for the reconstruction. This included the great four-order west doorway, erected 1471. The O'Kellys continued to influence appointment of the prior. In 1444, prior Breasal O'Kelly died in battle. In 1473, prior Donatus O'Kelly was accused of homicide and keeping a concubine.[4]

Clontuskert was dissolved in 1562 and the land passed to the Burkes, although some monks remained until some time after 1637.[5][6][7]

The east gable wall collapsed in 1918, but was rebuilt in 1972.[8] Excavation took place in 1970–72.

BuildingsEdit

The buildings feature nave, chancel, rood screen, transepts, cloister, chapter room, sacristy, cellars, an oven and a vaulted room in the southeast.[9]

The great west doorway features many carvings, including Michael the Archangel with a sword and the scales for weighing souls; Saints Augustine of Hippo, Catherine of Alexandria and John the Baptist; a pelican feeding her young; a pair of griffins; and a mermaid with a mirror. The mermaid is similar to one at Clonfert Cathedral,[10] while the doorway is similar to the one at Clonmacnoise. The inscription reads MATHEV DEI GRA EPS CLONFERTENS ET PATRE ONEACDAVAYN CANONIE ESTI DOMINE FI FECERT ANO DO MCCCCLXXI (Matthew by the Grace of God, Bishop of Clonfert, and Patrick O’Naughton, canon of this house, caused me to be made in 1471); the bishop referred to is Matthaeus Mág Raith, the only Augustinian to hold the see of Clonfert.[11]

In fictionEdit

Clontuskert Abbey is mentioned in Mary Pat Kelly's novel Galway Bay (2011).[12] This abbey is mentioned as well in Lina Callejon’s novel “Ien Seu: El Camino” (Editorial Círculo Rojo)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Egan, Rev. Patrick K. (11 April 2018). "The Augustinian Priory of St. Mary Clontuskert O Many". Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society. 22 (1/2): 1–14. JSTOR 25535273.
  2. ^ Fanning, Thomas; Dolley, Michael; Roche, Geraldine (11 April 1976). "Excavations at Clontuskert Priory, Co. Galway". Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Section C: Archaeology, Celtic Studies, History, Linguistics, Literature. 76: 97–169. JSTOR 25506319.
  3. ^ "Clontuskert Abbey Co Galway". irelandinruins.blogspot.ie.
  4. ^ "Clontuskert Augustinian Priory - Monastic Ireland". monastic.ie.
  5. ^ "Clontuskert Priory, Galway, Ireland". 5 May 2015.
  6. ^ http://www.clontuskert.com/book/3.%20The%20Priory%20of%20St.%20Mary.pdf
  7. ^ Halpin, Andy; Newman, Conor (26 October 2006). "Ireland: An Oxford Archaeological Guide to Sites from Earliest Times to AD 1600". OUP Oxford – via Google Books.
  8. ^ http://www.megalithicireland.com/Clontuskert%20Abbey,%20Galway.html
  9. ^ Barry, Terry B. (1 November 2002). "The Archaeology of Medieval Ireland". Routledge – via Google Books.
  10. ^ Higgins, J. G. (11 April 1995). "Irish Mermaids: Sirens, Temptresses and Their Symbolism in Art, Architecture and Folklore". Crow's Rock Press – via Google Books.
  11. ^ "1404c - Clontuskert Abbey, Ballinasloe, Co. Galway - Architecture of Galway - Archiseek - Irish Architecture". 30 December 2009.
  12. ^ Kelly, Mary Pat (9 February 2009). "Galway Bay". Grand Central Publishing – via Google Books.