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HistoryEdit

The name Clochar refers to something made of stone ('Cloch' is the Irish word for 'stone' and can be anglicised as 'cloch', 'clogh' or 'clough');[4] probably on the site of the medieval monastery or a nearby ringfort.[5] Archaeological remains from before the 5th century have been found in the vicinity.[5] Clogher is said to have been the location of a gold-covered pagan oracle stone named Cermand Cestach.[6][7] The story goes that "Cloch-Ór (Golden Stone), may have been a ceremonial or oracle stone (see Cenn Cruaich and Omphalos) originally covered in gold sacred to the druids...given to Mac Cairthinn by an old pagan noble (Cairpre, the father of St Tigernach of Clones), who had harassed him in every possible way until the saint's patient love won the local ruler to the faith."[7] The stone is recorded as being "a curiosity in the porch of the Cathedral of Clogher" in the time of Annalist Cathal Maguire of Fermanagh in the late 15th century. Tighernach of Clones, later succeeded St. Mac Cairthinn as Bishop of Clogher.[8][9]

Clogher has been a religious center since St. Patrick's time and likely before.[10] St. Aedh Mac Cairthinn of Clogher (c. 430–505 AD) an early disciple and companion of Saint Patrick[11] founded a monastery at the site, which later the Synod of Rathbreasail recognised as an episcopal see. The Cathedral Church of Saint Macartan in the village is now one of two cathedrals of the Church of Ireland diocese of Clogher; the other is at Enniskillen. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Clogher has its cathedral in Monaghan. The meetinghouse of Clogher Presbyterian church is outside the village in the townland of Carntall. The "City of Clogher" was a rotten borough in the Parliament of Ireland in the gift of the Protestant bishop. The village also gives its name to the Barony of Clogher, one of the original four baronies of County Tyrone.[citation needed]

TransportEdit

Clogher railway station (on the narrow gauge Clogher Valley Railway) opened on 2 May 1887, but finally closed on 1 January 1942.[12]

Clogher also has Ulsterbus services to Omagh and on the 261/X261 between Belfast and Enniskillen.

Clubs: sport and musicEdit

PeopleEdit

EducationEdit

  • Carntall Primary School
  • St. MacCartan's Convent Primary School

DemographyEdit

19th-century populationEdit

The population of the village decreased during the 19th century:[2][13]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 702 558 389 242 225 273
Houses 109 94 79 51 61 59

2011 CensusEdit

On Census day in 2011:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Clogher". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  3. ^ "Parishes of Northern Ireland". Public Record Office of NI. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  4. ^ "Information From O'Donovan's Field Name Books : Clogh". Places.galwaylibrary.ie. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 2015-11-28.
  5. ^ a b "16. Stone in Place Names". Ulster Place Names. Ulster Place-Name Society. Archived from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  6. ^ "Cermand Cestach". En.vionto.com. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  7. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "Celtic and Old English Saints - 4 April". Celticsaints.org. 31 December 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  9. ^ "Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall - Royal Institution of Cornwall". Books.google.com. p. 405. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  10. ^ "Clogher". Infoplease.com. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Celtic and Old English Saints - 26 March". Celticsaints.org. 17 March 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  12. ^ "Clogher station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 16 September 2007.
  13. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 21 March 2013.

External linksEdit