|Chairman of the United Australia Party|
|Assumed office |
12 December 2018
|Deputy||Annastacia Topalov (2020–present)|
|Leader||Craig Kelly (2021–present)|
|Preceded by||Party re-registered|
April 2013 – 5 May 2017
|Preceded by||Party established|
|Succeeded by||Party deregistered|
|Member of the Australian Parliament for Fairfax|
7 September 2013 – 9 May 2016
|Preceded by||Alex Somlyay|
|Succeeded by||Ted O'Brien|
Clive Frederick Palmer
26 March 1954
Footscray, Victoria, Australia
|Political party||United Australia (since 2013)|
(m. 1983; wid. 2006)
|Residence||Sovereign Islands, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia|
|Alma mater||University of Queensland|
|Occupation||Mining company chairman|
Shipping company chairman
Holiday resort hotel owner
Palmer owns many businesses such as Mineralogy, Waratah Coal, Queensland Nickel at Townsville, the Palmer Coolum Resort on the Sunshine Coast, Palmer Sea Reef Golf Course at Port Douglas, Palmer Colonial Golf Course at Robina, and the Palmer Gold Coast Golf Course, also at Robina. He owned Gold Coast United FC from 2008 to 2012. Palmer created the Palmer United Party in April 2013, winning the Sunshine Coast seat of Fairfax in the 2013 Australian federal election and sitting as an MP for one term.
In 2018, after formally de-registering the party on 5 May 2017, Palmer revived his party as the United Australia Party, announcing that he would be running candidates for all 151 seats in the House of Representatives and later that he would run as a Queensland candidate for the Senate. In the 2019 federal election, despite extensive advertising, he and his party won no seats.
Palmer has frequently been involved in legal cases relating to his businesses, and once listed litigation as one of his hobbies in Who's Who. He at times has been involved in complex cases, and journalist Hedley Thomas has written that Palmer's "lawyers take legal steps, presumably on his instructions, that prolong litigation and rack up costs for the other side" which can result in his opponents being unable to continue their case due to a lack of resources. Palmer has argued that the litigation he is involved in is justified as it rights wrongs. Palmer also attempted to use litigation as a gag order against his workers in his now defunct Queensland Nickel refinery; promising to pay the money he owed them only if they agreed not to make any disparaging comments about him.
Palmer was born on 26 March 1954 at Footscray Hospital in Footscray, a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria. He spent his early years in the nearby suburb of Williamstown. His family moved to Queensland in 1963 and Palmer was largely raised on the Gold Coast, where he attended Aquinas College and Southport State High School, although he also attended Toowoomba Grammar School for a short time. Palmer's father, George, was a travel agent, and the family travelled the world extensively. George Palmer was also the proprietor of the Akron Tyre Co and the Akron Broadcasting Co and was the founder of Melbourne broadcasting station 3AK (now operating as SEN 1116).
Palmer studied law, journalism and politics at the University of Queensland from 1973 to 1975, but did not finish the course. He later completed a Diploma of Law through the Queensland Bar Board, and worked as a clerk and interviewing officer for the Public Defender's Office.
In 1985 and 1986 Palmer founded three companies which undertook mining exploration in Western Australia (WA). These included Mineralogy, a company which in 2006 had 160 billion tonnes (160×109 long tons; 180×109 short tons) of iron ore reserves in the Pilbara Ranges, in remote northern Western Australia. In 2008, Palmer bought Waratah Coal. Palmer transferred Mineralogy to New Zealand in December 2018, and moved it again to Singapore in January 2019.
Mineralogy has been involved in a long-running dispute with CITIC over a royalty payment. Mineralogy and CITIC entered into an agreement in 2006 to develop some of the iron ore reserves Palmer owns. In November 2017, Justice Kenneth Martin of the Supreme Court of Western Australia awarded Mineralogy nearly $200 million. Palmer said the decision was "a win for Australian law over Chinese Communist government powerhouses". As of May 2019, CITIC was suing Palmer and he had counter-sued them for $5 billion.
In August 2020, the WA Parliament passed an emergency bill to block a legal claim against the government by Palmer, relating to Mineralogy. WA Attorney-General John Quigley estimated the claim as totalling $30 billion, which he described as "rapacious" and equivalent to the annual budget of WA. Palmer denied that estimate and mounted a challenge in the Federal Court to the legislation as unconstitutional.
In 2009, he bought Queensland Nickel and the Palmer Nickel and Cobalt Refinery after BHP was going to close the refinery. In the first year after purchasing the refinery, Palmer gifted staff 50 Mercedes Benz cars and thousands of overseas holidays after the refinery turned a huge profit. On 18 January 2016, Queensland Nickel entered voluntary administration. Palmer declined to pay the entitlements of workers who lost their jobs when Queensland Nickel closed, stating that "I have no personal responsibility, I retired from business over three years ago". He also blamed the administrators for sacking the workforce. This forced the Federal Government to cover the workers' entitlements.
The Special Purpose Liquidator of Queensland Nickel stated that Palmer's offer was inadequate as it did not cover the money owed to small businesses and was unclear whether he would repay the Federal Government. The Liquidator was seeking $200 million from Palmer, other individuals and related entities, with a trial to take place from July 2019. The Australian Government was also seeking to recover $70 million from Palmer personally to meet the costs of the payments it made to Queensland Nickel workers through the same trial. Palmer stated in April 2019 that the administrators should repay the government as they were responsible for sacking the refinery's workers, and not him. The Canberra Times reported that 218 workers were made redundant shortly before the operation was placed into voluntary administration.
In August 2019 Palmer reached a settlement two weeks into a trial in the Queensland Supreme Court, understood to total $110m. He agreed to repay the federal government for the entitlements it has already paid under the Fair Entitlements Guarantee (FEG), “all other outstanding employee entitlements, and a full recovery for the majority of unsecured creditors”. Palmer maintained his position that the scheme should never have been triggered by the liquidators in the first place and under the terms of the Settlement Agreement, the Special Purpose Liquidator withdrew all claims the SPL made against Palmer and all of the defendants associated with him. All parties paid their own costs in the court matter; Palmer personally appeared in court and represented himself. A small number of debt claims against Mineralogy remain in dispute and before the courts. Palmer claimed that the settlement of the debts had left him “vindicated”. “Today’s settlement confirms the actions against me were nothing more than a witch-hunt designed to smear my good reputation”, Palmer said.
Palmer Coolum Resort: Dinosaur ParkEdit
Palmer purchased the Coolum Hyatt Resort in 2011. He later announced plans to build a park featuring animatronic dinosaurs there. Palmer ordered more than 160 animatronic dinosaurs, which included an initial shipment of a 3.5-metre (11 ft) tall, 20-metre (66 ft) long T. rex, nicknamed "Jeff". Palmer received full council approval for the park on 25 July 2013, and it was expected to open to the public in 2014. On 14 December 2013, the dinosaur park, now called "Palmersaurus", was opened to the public. Palmer's installation of dinosaurs along the side of the resort's golf course led the Australian PGA Championship to be relocated from it.
The Palmer Coolum Resort was mothballed in 2015 due to low occupancy rates, with 600 people losing their jobs over the period after Palmer purchased the complex. In 2017, the ABC reported that "once regarded as one of south-east Queensland's most prestigious resorts, the site is a shadow of its former self and has been the centre of a legal battle between retirees who own villa shares and Clive Palmer". In 2018 the Australian Securities and Investments Commission charged Palmer with violations of the Corporation Act in relation to an attempt to take over timeshare villas at the resort in 2012. Palmer has stated that the charges are an attempt to stop him standing for election.
Palmer purchased the Gold Coast United football club in 2008. In October 2009, he made a decision to cap attendances of Gold Coast United home games at Skilled Park stadium to 5,000, in a bid to save money by avoiding transport subsidies on crowds over 5,000. After a widespread backlash and only 2,616 fans attending the next home game, and the intervention of Football Federation Australia (FFA), the idea was scrapped.
On 29 February 2012, Ben Buckley and Frank Lowy announced that Palmer's licence for Gold Coast United FC was to be revoked for constant breaches of FFA rules and regulations and sought to pay out the contracts of the players for the remaining month of the season. Lowy stated that he acted in order to protect the integrity of the sport. However, Palmer stipulated that he would contest the decisions through legal action and claimed Lowy was a dictator. Despite a ruling ordering the removal of "Freedom of Speech" logos on team shirts, Palmer indicated they would remain. On 2 March 2012, Palmer lost his Supreme Court bid against Gold Coast United's expulsion from the A-League.
In February 2013, at a press conference in New York, Palmer announced plans to build a modern-day replica of the liner RMS Titanic. It was planned that Titanic II would be built in China and make its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City in 2016 (later postponed to 2018). Palmer hoped to recreate the Titanic as closely as possible to its familiar external and internal appearance. According to Palmer, the Titanic II would be 883 feet (269 m) long, weigh 55,800 long tons (56,700 t) gross, and carry 2,435 passengers and 900 crew. Palmer said the Titanic II would honour the memories of those who died and survived on the Titanic. The Titanic was operated by the White Star Line and Palmer's company is named Blue Star Line.
During the first half of 2015, evidence accumulated strongly suggesting that the project had been abandoned. The Blue Star Line trademark was listed as "abandoned". No construction had been ordered in the Chinese shipyard identified as the likely building site with the workers highly skeptical that the project would ever move beyond the proposal stage. In May 2016 it was reported by the administrators for an insolvent Palmer company, Queensland Nickel, that no significant money had been spent on the development of Titanic II in over two years. On 27 September 2018, in a press release on its official web site, the Blue Star Line announced that work on the project would recommence, but there has been no confirmation of that since. Despite the media release, the web site had not been updated since May 2014.
In March 2020, as the Covid-19 pandemic was spreading in Australia, Palmer placed a prominent media advertisement offering to personally fund one million doses of a "cure" for the disease. The medication would include hydroxychloroquine, which is established in other countries as an anti-malarial drug but is known to have serious side-effects. The Australian drugs regulator, the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA), had warned that this drug and its derivatives “pose well-known serious risks to patients including cardiac toxicity potentially leading to sudden heart attacks, irreversible eye damage and severe depletion of blood sugar potentially leading to coma”. The TGA stated that it was considering legal action against Palmer. Other experts also criticised Palmer, concerning safety as well as the ethics of potentially producing a shortage of the drug in countries where it is needed to combat malaria. However, it was later confirmed that the federal health department planned to import hydroxychloroquine for emergency use, with a written agreement for partial funding by Palmer. On 28 April, Palmer placed further prominent advertisements in News Corp media, claiming to have purchased 32.9 million doses of hydroxychloroquine. The TGA stated that no action would be taken with respect to either set of advertisements, since they were "assessed as not intended to promote the sale of the product”. However, the President of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners, Harry Nespolon, warned that trials of the drug were still ongoing and were "not looking particularly promising”. He was also concerned that "people may think that a cure is imminent and be lulled into a false sense of security so that they don’t exercise social distancing responsibilities”.
In June 2021, as the Covid-19 pandemic continued, a Queensland radio network stopped playing an advertisement from Palmer that had stated:
- Australia has had one Covid-19 associated death in 2021. But the TGA reports that there’s been 210 deaths and over 24,000 adverse reactions after Covid vaccinations. Authorised by Clive Palmer, Brisbane.
The TGA had warned the network and Palmer that this was seriously misleading to the public: the figure of 210 deaths a few days or weeks after vaccination was statistically normal; only one of those deaths could be linked to the vaccination itself.
The same month, it was reported that Palmer had sent letters to households across Australia urging against vaccination for Covid-19, based on the discredited death figures. This was reported again in July, and that Palmer had disregarded a further warning from the TGA.
WA border closureEdit
In July 2020, Palmer claimed that the closing of the borders by the Western Australian government owing to the Covid-19 pandemic was unconstitutional and challenged the WA legislation in the Federal Court. In response the Western Australian Premier Mark McGowan labelled Palmer an enemy of the state. Palmer also claimed that the border closure would "destroy the lives of hundreds of thousands of people for decades" and compared the death toll of COVID-19 with that of road accidents and influenza. By August, the Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison withdrew support of Palmer's legal challenge after receiving a public backlash on his previous supportive stance. Mark McGowan praised the Commonwealth for its withdrawal and indicated the Western Australian government would continue to fight the case and urging Palmer to withdraw the case labelling him "Australia's greatest egomaniac" and an "Olympic scale narcissist".
As the issues moved to the constitutional level, they came to involve possible conflict between major constitutional principles: parliamentary sovereignty and the rule of law. On 6 November 2020, the High Court upheld the legislation. Challenges to the constitutionality of amendments to the Act made in 2020 failed in the High Court on 13 October 2021.
In August 2021, Australian airline Qantas announced that it would require all of its 22,000 employees to be fully vaccinated against COVID-19. In reaction to this, the Palmer Group sold off its entire stake in Qantas.
In June 2002, Palmer was appointed adjunct professor of business at Deakin University's Faculty of Business and Law, a role he held until 2006. During that time, he delivered a series of lectures as part of Deakin's MBA residential programs. In 2008, Palmer was appointed adjunct professor of management at Bond University on the Gold Coast.
In December 2012, Palmer was appointed joint secretary general of the World Leadership Alliance, a new democracy-promoting council that included former US president Bill Clinton and Myanmar's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi. Palmer was named president of the alliance's business chapter, the World Economic Council.
In December 2012, on Christmas Day, Palmer hosted a buffet lunch for 650 disadvantaged people, mostly children and their families.
In July 2013, Palmer was referred to in an iPhone application as making light of Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard by having sandwiches thrown at her. News Corp Australia publications were critical of the app, calling it sexist, while referring to his weight in an opinion poll with an option saying "We should have one for big Clive Palmer".
In 2015, Palmer donated a house, car and food to victims of a house fire in Beenleigh that saw their son tragically lose his life.
Palmer has been a regular poster of memes on his official Facebook page. The memes often have nonsensical or ironic undertones, and contain reoccurring themes – such as Rupert Murdoch's control of the media in Australia, contrasting himself with other political figures such as Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, or paying homage to Tim Tam packets and his pet "Grog Dog". Palmer was once required to provide an affidavit explaining a tweet sent out during a hearing on 1 December 2017.
In September 2019, Palmer threatened to sue internet comedian Jordan Shanks for $500,000 for defamation relating to a YouTube video posted before the May 2019 election. The video created by Shanks called Palmer a "dense Humpty Dumpty" and a profane nickname that included "Fatty". Shanks responded that he had not defamed Palmer and being required to prove his claims in court would not help Palmer.
Palmer was instrumental in the split of the South Australian conservatives in the 1970s, and was active in the Liberal Movement headed by former Premier of South Australia, Steele Hall. Palmer joined the Queensland division of the Nationals in 1974, having been influenced by the policies of Joh Bjelke-Petersen, Premier of Queensland at the time. From the early 1980s, he was involved in state politics, serving as the National Party's campaign director during the 1983 state election and as media spokesman during its 1986 election campaign, both of which were successful.
Palmer was a backer of the aborted "Joh for Canberra" campaign, which attempted to get Queensland Premier Bjelke-Petersen elected as Prime Minister of Australia at the 1987 federal election. Palmer was elected to life membership of the party in 1992, which he retained after the state branches of the Nationals and Liberal Party merged to form the Liberal National Party of Queensland in 2008.
In late April 2012, Palmer announced that he would contest Liberal National Party preselection for the Division of Lilley at the 2013 federal election, held by Wayne Swan, the then Deputy Prime Minister and Treasurer. However, in July that year, he announced his intention to seek preselection for a different seat, including possibly the Division of Kennedy, held by Bob Katter of Katter's Australian Party (formerly sitting as a National and an independent).
Several months after announcing his intent to seek preselection, Palmer resigned his life membership of the Liberal National Party. His membership of the party had been suspended on 9 November 2012, following his comments on the actions of state government ministers. He was re-instated to the party on 22 November, but resigned the same day.
In March 2012, Palmer accused Drew Hutton and Greenpeace of receiving funding from the CIA, due to Hutton's involvement in the preparation of a Greenpeace strategy titled "Stopping the Australian Coal Export Boom". His claims were dismissed by Greenpeace senior campaigner John Hepburn as "ludicrous", and he said that Greenpeace would not accept money from any government, corporation or secret service. His claims were also rejected by the CIA.
On 25 April 2013, Palmer announced a "reformation" of the United Australia Party, which had been folded into the present-day Liberal Party in 1945, to stand candidates in the 2013 federal election, and had applied for its registration in Queensland. Another representative of a former South Australian political party, The United Party, lodged a formal objection to the registration of the name "Palmer United Party" with the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC). The AEC further determined that the names "Uniting Australia Party" and "Palmer United Party" were distinct and the name "Palmer United Party" was not prohibited.
Member of ParliamentEdit
Palmer ran as the candidate in the Sunshine Coast seat of Fairfax for his party in the 2013 Australian federal election. In the first count he won by only 7 votes over Liberal National Party (LNP) candidate Ted O'Brien, triggering an automatic recount. While he had won only 26.5 percent of the primary vote, Palmer overtook O'Brien on Labor and Green preferences. During the recount, he filed many challenges to votes cast for O'Brien, and made unsupported claims that the Australian Electoral Commission was tainted by corruption. Ultimately, he was confirmed as winner with 50.3% of the vote – a margin of 53 votes.
His party was also successful in the Senate in 2013, where three of his party members were elected and won a shared balance of power. The senators were elected in Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania. But soon the party fell into disarray. The Tasmanian Senator Jacqui Lambie resigned from the Palmer United Party on 24 November 2014 announcing that she would remain in the Senate as an independent. Lambie's resignation followed several weeks of disagreements with Palmer. The Queensland Senator Glenn Lazarus also quit the party on 13 March 2015 citing issues with Palmer.
In his maiden speech to federal parliament, Palmer implied that the government was "deaf to the everyday struggles of all Australians" and stated that "the entrenchment of the two-party system in this country not only threatens democracy but destroys the creativity of the nation."
Palmer was absent from Parliament more than any other MP in the 44th Parliament; he attended only 64 percent of sitting days in 2014 and 54 percent in 2015. He was rarely seen in his own electorate, preferring to reside at his Gold Coast residence. At one point, he went seven months without setting foot in Fairfax. His LNP opponent in 2013, O'Brien, claimed that many residents had come to him for help after not being able to get help from Palmer, to the point that many of them considered him their MP.
In May 2016, Palmer announced he would not seek reelection to his seat of Fairfax or run for the Senate and retire from politics. This all but assured that Fairfax would revert to the LNP; like most Sunshine Coast seats, it would have been a comfortably safe LNP seat in a traditional two-party matchup. As expected, O'Brien reclaimed the seat for the LNP resoundingly.
Subsequent political activitiesEdit
Palmer deregistered the party's state branches in September 2016, initially intending to keep it active at the federal level. However, in April 2017, he announced that the party would be wound up.
In February 2018, Palmer announced his intention to resurrect his party and return to federal politics. The party was revived in June under its original name, the United Australia Party. Even when using the name Palmer United, the party continued to brand itself as a revival of the original UAP, claiming the three leaders of the original UAP – Joseph Lyons, Robert Menzies and Billy Hughes – as its former leaders. Former One Nation senator Brian Burston joined the United Australia Party in June 2018.
In April 2019, Palmer stated that he would stand for the Senate in Queensland in the 2019 Australian federal election. Palmer spent $60 million at the 2019 election, with most of the advertising consisting of attacks on the Australian Labor Party (ALP). He and his party did not win any seats in the election.
During the campaign for the 2020 Queensland state election, at which the United Australia Party endorsed 55 candidates, Palmer is estimated to have spent about $8 million in advertising. As in the 2019 federal election, the advertising mainly attacked the ALP, particularly alleging that Labor planned to impose a 20 per cent "death tax" to pay for its election promises, a claim that was dismissed by the ALP as a lie. No UAP candidates were elected.
Ahead of the 2019 election, Palmer altered the lyrics of the Twisted Sister song "We're Not Gonna Take It" to "Australia ain't gonna cop it" in a national TV campaign for United Australia Party. Twisted Sister condemned the unauthorised use of the song. Palmer disputed Twisted Sister's claim that they held any copyright over the portion of the song used in the advertisements, as he composed the lyrics and the melody was derived from "O Come, All Ye Faithful". In April 2021, Palmer was ordered by the Federal Court of Australia to pay $1.5 million dollars in damages for copyright infringement. Palmer was also ordered to pay legal costs and to remove all copies of the song and accompanying videos from the internet.
In March 2020, Palmer appeared in Brisbane Magistrates Court to answer four charges of fraud and other dishonesty, brought by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC). The charges alleged improper transfers of money totalling several million dollars shortly before the 2013 general election, as fraud and dishonest use of Palmer's position as a company director (of Mineralogy) regarding funding of the Palmer United Party. Palmer denied that the charges relate to the collapse of Queensland Nickel, commenting: "It's just a fabricated charge which will be dismissed pretty easily which is what we do with ASIC charges which are political in nature." The case was adjourned until 28 August, with Palmer still claiming that the charges were "nonsense". Each offence carries a potential prison sentence of up to five years and, for the fraud charges, up to 12 years.
Palmer lives in a gated mansion on Sovereign Islands, an exclusive community on the Gold Coast. News Limited reports that property records reveal "Mr Palmer, his family and associates own a total of 11 homes in the Sovereign Islands, a gated enclave developed on reclaimed land on the banks of the Southport Broadwater." Palmer also owns homes at Broadbeach Waters on the Gold Coast, Fig Tree Pocket in Brisbane and in Sofia in Bulgaria. Other holdings include properties in Brisbane, Jandowae on the Darling Downs, Queensland, Port Douglas in Queensland and Bora Bora, French Polynesia. In addition, his wife owns an undisclosed number of properties held in trust. He was reported to have spent more than A$20m during 2018–19 on luxury homes on the Gold Coast and in Brisbane and Perth. As of August 2020, he reportedly owns three adjoining houses in Fig Tree Pocket, costing $17.5m and on more than four hectares of land fronting the Brisbane River.
Palmer was married to his first wife for 22 years. He has two adult children: a son, Michael and a daughter, Emily. His first wife, Susan Palmer, died from cancer in 2006. In 2007, he married Anna, and they have two daughters, Mary and Lucy. Palmer is a Roman Catholic and was a prominent member of Right to Life Australia while at university, organising pro-life rallies on campus.
While watching a soccer game in October 2009, Palmer was thought to have suffered a heart attack, and was taken to hospital. However, doctors dismissed it as merely a heart palpitation. Palmer has also suffered from sleep apnoea.
In 2016, the BRW Rich 200 estimated Palmer's net worth at A$600 million, by 2019 his estimated net worth had increased to A$4.09 billion and in 2021 was assessed as A$13.01 billion according to Financial Review 2021 Rich List.
Australia's 50 Richest
|Rank||Net worth (A$)||Rank||Net worth (US$)|
|2011||5||$5.05 billion||n/a||not listed|
|2012||8||$3.85 billion||29||$0.80 billion|
|2014||28||$1.22 billion||50||$0.55 billion|
|2015||30||$1.40 billion||n/a||not listed|
|2019||15||$4.09 billion||20||$1.80 billion|
|Has not changed from the previous year|
|Has increased from the previous year|
|Has decreased from the previous year|
Up until 2013, the Forbes list included Australia's 40 richest people; it then expanded to 50 people.
- Stolz, Greg (9 November 2013). "Questions over where new Member for Fairfax Clive Palmer will live". News.com.au. News Ltd. Archived from the original on 30 January 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Australia's Resourcehouse signs $60 bln deal with China". The Sydney Morning Herald. 6 February 2010. Archived from the original on 14 April 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- "Clive Palmer's $3bn Resourcehouse raising stalls". The Australian. 28 November 2009.
- Bailey, Michael; Sprague, Julie-anne (27 May 2021). "The 200 richest people in Australia revealed". Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "2019 Australia's 50 Richest". Forbes Asia. January 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 December 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Craddock, Robert (14 June 2008). "Billionaire Clive Palmer behind Coast soccer team". The Courier-Mail. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2009.
- Horn, Allyson (18 April 2019). "Clive Palmer announces he will run for the Senate, drafts ex- NRL star for seat of Herbert". ABC News. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Thomas, Hedley (31 October 2013). "Sue chief Clive Palmer circles wagons". The Australian. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- Smee, Ben. "Clive Palmer gag clause: QN workers told to make no 'disparaging comments' if they want entitlements". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
- "Clive Palmer – extended interview: Part 1" (transcript). Australian Story. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 7 May 2012. Archived from the original on 8 May 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
- "Mr. Clive Frederick Palmer" (PDF). The Brisbane Mining Club. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
- "Clive Palmer's near death experience in AWW in 1967". Australian Women's Weekly. 1 September 2014. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- Walker, R. R. (1973). The Magic Spark. 50 Years of Radio in Australia. Melbourne: Hawthorn Press.
- Shorten, Kristin (9 September 2013). "Everything you need to know about Clive Palmer's life". News.com.au. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- "The Queensland 2006 rich list". Brisbane Times. 20 July 2007. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
Palmer is a life member of the National Party and was the party's media spokesman during the 1986 state election.
- Yosufzai, Rashida (27 April 2019). "Clive Palmer: The eccentric billionaire aiming at a political comeback". SBS News. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- "Australasian announces ore reserve estimate for Balmoral South Project" (PDF) (Press release). Australasian Resources Limited. 7 August 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2009.
- Fraser, Andrew; Burrell, Andrew (13 February 2010). "The magnate's Chinese whispers". The Australian. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- Chenoweth, Neil (3 May 2019). "The tricky business of Clive Palmer". The Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- Ingram, Tess (24 November 2017). "Clive Palmer has a major legal victory over Citic". The Australian Financial Review . Australia. Archived from the original on 24 November 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- McGowan, Michael (11 August 2020). "Clive Palmer suing WA government for $30bn in move labelled 'rapacious' by attorney general". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
- Knaus, Christopher (14 August 2020). "Clive Palmer brands WA premier an 'outlaw' in fiery interview as state moves to block $30bn suit". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- "Queensland Nickel: Our History". Queensland Nickel. Archived from the original on 3 September 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- Thomson, James (21 November 2010). "Billionaire Clive Palmer gives staff luxury cars and holidays in a Christmas bonus bonanza". SmartCompany. Private Media Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 4 May 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- "Clive Palmer's Queensland Nickel goes into voluntary administration". ABC News. Australia. 18 January 2016. Archived from the original on 19 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- AAP (26 January 2016). "Clive Palmer: Sacked Queensland Nickel worker payouts not my burden". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 18 April 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Bavas, Josh (15 April 2018). "Clive Palmer promises to pay back workers' entitlements while denying sacking anyone". ABC News. Archived from the original on 15 April 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Bunch, Aaron (24 April 2019). "Owed Qld refinery funds in trust: Palmer". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
- Gothe-Snape, Jackson (4 April 2019). "Clive Palmer over 1,000 days late repaying debt despite $27.5m election advertising blitz". ABC News. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
- Smee, Ben (5 August 2019). "Clive Palmer settles Queensland Nickel lawsuit, agrees to pay sacked workers". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- Smee, Ben (6 August 2019). "Clive Palmer held court in the Queensland Nickel trial. Then he settled". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
- Hoffman, Bill (29 December 2015). "Palmer Resort won't be restored until legal dispute is over". Sunshine Coast Daily. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
- Skinner, Jo; Atkinson, Bruce (25 July 2013). "Clive Palmer gets go-ahead to build world's biggest dinosaur park at Coolum Resort". ABC News. Australia. Archived from the original on 28 July 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- "Clive Palmer's dinosaur park Palmersaurus: Fun facts and controversies". ABC News. Australia. 3 March 2015. Archived from the original on 15 April 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- "Palmersaurus: Australian billionaire faces political extinction". BBC News. 4 May 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
- Sundstrom, Kathy (13 December 2017). "Clive Palmer's Coolum Resort lists units on Airbnb for a premium". ABC News. Archived from the original on 12 August 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Sibson, Elle (23 January 2019). "Clive Palmer loses Supreme Court bid to have criminal charges against him dropped". ABC News. Archived from the original on 19 April 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Monteverde, Marco; Malone, Paul (7 June 2008). "Billionaire Clive Palmer has big plans for Coast club". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- Gatt, Ray (3 November 2009). "Clive Palmer agrees to scrap crowd cap". The Australian. Retrieved 5 November 2009.
- "FFA revokes Gold Coast United's licence". Gold Coast Bulletin. 29 February 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- Gatt, Ray (29 February 2012). "Gold Coast owner Clive Palmer loses A-League licence". The Australian. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- AAP (29 February 2012). "Palmer poses peace offering to Lowy". ABC News. Australia. Archived from the original on 12 May 2014. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- Remeikis. Amy (2 March 2012). "Palmer loses bid to save club". Brisbane Times. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- "'We kick harder' – Clive Palmer sets up rebel football organisation". The Age. AAP. 1 March 2012. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- "Trademark Category > Chemical Products > TITANIC II BLUE STAR LINE". LegalForce Trademarks. Trademarkia, Inc. Archived from the original on 25 August 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- "Palmer's Titanic II plans all but scuttled". 9News.com. 20 March 2015. Archived from the original on 25 August 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- McNeilly, Claire (10 May 2016). "Plans to build replica Titanic all at sea as Oz tycoon Clive Palmer gets cold feet". Belfast Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 August 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- "Palmer Building Titanic II" (Press release). Blue Star Line. 27 September 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- Davey, Melissa (27 March 2020). "TGA investigating Clive Palmer-funded ads claiming hydroxychloroquine can cure coronavirus". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- Davey, Melissa (7 April 2020). "Controversial drug hydroxychloroquine to be given to coronavirus patients in Australia". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- Davey, Melissa (28 April 2020). "Clive Palmer ad for coronavirus 'cure' cleared by Australian drug regulator". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 April 2020. News Corp newspapers are paywalled.
- Meade, Amanda (9 June 2021). "Clive Palmer anti-vaccine ads pulled over false claims about hundreds of deaths". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
- Galloway, Anthony (20 June 2021). "'Ludicrous': Clive Palmer slammed for letters spreading COVID-19 misinformation". The Age. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
- Salem, Merryana (18 July 2021). "Clive Palmer Is Distributing Anti-vaccination Propaganda In Regional NSW's Vulnerable Communities". Junkee. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
- Martin, Sarah (30 July 2021). "Clive Palmer disregards TGA call to stop spreading 'misleading' vaccine material". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
- Knaus, Christopher; McGowan, Michael (12 October 2021). "One tonne of Clive Palmer hydroxychloroquine sent for destruction after dispute with TGA". The Guardian.
- Daile Cross; Nathan Hondros (31 July 2020). "'I think he's the enemy of Australia': McGowan ramps up war of words with Palmer on WA border battle". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- Weber, David (30 July 2020). "Clive Palmer claims Mark McGowan's coronavirus hard border will destroy lives of West Australians". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- Hondros, Nathan; Pilat, Lauren (2 August 2020). "Morrison drops Commonwealth involvement in Palmer's 'hard border' legal fight". WA Today. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
- Hondros, Nathan (20 August 2020). "What are the disputes involving Clive Palmer and the WA government about?". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- Seddon, Nick (31 August 2020). "The Palmer Act". AUSPUBLAW. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
- Brown, Natalie (9 September 2020). "Clive Palmer takes a sovereign risk challenging the authority of WA Parliament". AUSPUBLAW. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
- It published its reasons on 24 February 2021: Palmer v Western Australia  HCA 5.
- Hume, David (23 June 2021). "Palmer v Western Australia (2021) 95 ALJR 229;  HCA 5: trade, commerce and intercourse shall be absolutely free (except when it need not)". AUSPUBLAW. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
- Mineralogy Pty v Western Australia  HCA 30.
- Palmer v Western Australia  HCA 31. Mineralogy is referred to as the "principal proceeding".
- Khadem, Nassim (17 August 2021). "Qantas makes COVID-19 vaccinations mandatory for all of its workers". ABC News. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
- Coulton, Ali (15 October 2021). "Clive Palmer Offloads Qantas Shares in Protest of Airline's Staff Vaccination Policy". Travel Weekly. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
- "Graduation – past ceremonies". Waterfront Campus. Deakin University. 2 April 2008. Archived from the original on 29 January 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2009.
- "Professor Clive and Mrs Anna Palmer". Southport Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 17 December 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- AAP (18 December 2012). "Palmer joins Clinton, Suu Kyi in alliance". The Australian Financial Review. Melbourne. Archived from the original on 25 August 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Global leaders form World Leadership Alliance". World Leadership Alliance Club de Madrid. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- Shorten, Kristin (25 December 2012). "Clive Palmer hosts 600 disadvantaged people at Christmas Day lunch at Palmer Coolum Resort". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "App lets you give Julia the Rudd Roll and Tony Baloney". Tweed Daily News. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
- Sams, Christine; Marriner, Cosima (4 March 2012). "National living treasure uproar". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- Farrow, Lauren (5 March 2012). "Seven added to national living treasure list". Canberra Times. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "National Living Treasure Palmer takes swipe at Swan". ABC News. Australia. 4 March 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- Stephens, Kim (5 June 2015). "Clive Palmer donates house to Beenleigh fire family who lost toddler". Brisbane Times. Archived from the original on 5 January 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- Wood, Samuel (24 March 2017). "Clive Palmer's Descent Into Insanity (Or Why Memes Shouldn't be Used in Politics)". The Isthmus. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- Wright, Tony (8 March 2017). "You think Clive Palmer's Tim Tam tweets are strange? He says it's poetry". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
- Branco, Jorge (7 December 2017). "Judge orders Clive Palmer to explain 'Hey memesters' tweet". Brisbane Times. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
- Robertson, Josh (7 December 2017). "Clive Palmer ordered to explain tweet sent while absent from Queensland Nickel court hearing". ABC News. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
- Garvey, Paul (24 September 2019). "Clive Palmer sues YouTuber Jordan Shanks for defamation". The Australian. Retrieved 24 September 2019.(subscription required)
- "YouTuber threatened over 'dense Humpty' depiction". BBC News. 25 September 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- Kemp, Miles (12 October 2013). "Former SA resident Clive Palmer wants to field candidates in 2014 state election". The Advertiser. Adelaide. Archived from the original on 18 February 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- "Larger Than Life". Australian Story. Australia: ABC TV. 7 May 2012. Archived from the original (transcript) on 17 April 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
The Gold Coast in the 60s was a great place to be. Joh Bjelke-Petersen was premier. And he talked about the need to see the state grow. So, as I grew up, I was very impressed by all that.
- Syvret, Paul (3 March 2012). "Calamity Clive: Has Queensland's richest man Clive Palmer lost the plot?". The Courier-Mail. Archived from the original on 4 April 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
- Fraser, Andrew; Vasek, Lanai (2 May 2012). "Clive Palmer seeks LNP preselection to take on Wayne Swan in the next federal election". The Australian. Archived from the original on 30 April 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
- Berry, Petrina (30 April 2012). "Clive Palmer to stand against Wayne Swan". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
- Barrett, Roseanne (3 July 2012). "Clive Palmer dodges Wayne Swan in Lilley". The Australian. Archived from the original on 13 July 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
- Wright, Jessica (5 July 2012). "Katter warns Palmer he risks the knackery". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
- "Clive Palmer resigns from LNP". Gold Coast Bulletin. 23 November 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- Feeney, Katherine (9 November 2012). "Palmer suspended from LNP". Brisbane Times. Archived from the original on 20 July 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- "Clive Palmer quits LNP on eve of showdown". ABC News. Australia. 23 November 2012. Archived from the original on 8 May 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- Wroe, David; Ireland, Judith (21 March 2012). "Palmer backs away from CIA claims". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 6 September 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- "CIA funding activists, Palmer says". ABC News. Australia. 20 March 2012. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- Wordsworth, Matt (20 March 2012). "Palmer says green groups funded by CIA". ABC News. Australia. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- Griffiths, Emma (21 March 2012). "CIA hits back at Palmer conspiracy claims". ABC News. Australia. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- AAP (25 April 2013). "Palmer to re-form UAP party for election". Brisbane Times. Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- Millar, Royce (3 July 2013). "Clive Palmer faces fresh objections to party name". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- "Palmer United Party". Australian Electoral Commission. 2013. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- "Clive Palmer wins Sunshine Coast seat of Fairfax, says 'goodbye' Campbell Newman". ABC News. Australia. 1 November 2013. Archived from the original on 1 June 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- Bowe, William. "Fairfax". Archived from the original on 25 October 2017. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
- "Watch Clive Palmer's maiden speech in full". ABC News. Australia. 2 December 2013. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- "Governor-General's Speech Address-in-Reply". House Hansard. Parliament of Australia. 2 December 2013. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- Vickery, Kara (29 January 2016). "Missing in action: Clive Palmer spent the least time in Parliament of any Federal MP last year". Courier-Mail. Brisbane. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- Donaghey, Kathleen (24 January 2016). "Clive Palmer not seen in his electorate in months". The Sunday Mail. Queensland. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- "Clive Palmer will not seek re-election in House of Representatives". ABC News. 4 May 2016.
- AAP (23 May 2016). "'Everyone was out to get me': Palmer". Ninemsn. Archived from the original on 24 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- Atfield, Cameron (23 September 2016). "Palmer United Party applies for Queensland deregistration". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
- Silva, Kristan (19 April 2017). "Clive Palmer disbands Palmer United Party, with federal registration to be cancelled". ABC News. Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- Chen, David; staff (23 February 2018). "Clive Palmer to bring back Palmer United Party for next federal election". ABC News. Archived from the original on 23 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
- Raggatt, Tony (11 July 2018). "Palmer announces plan to run in Herbert for federal election". Townsville Bulletin. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- Gribbin, Caitlyn (18 June 2018). "Burston joins new Palmer party minutes after saying he'd sit as an independent". ABC News. Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- Atkins, Dennis (31 October 2020). "Dennis Atkins: As Queensland votes, Clive Palmer may have told one too many whoppers". New Daily. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
- Karp, Paul (23 September 2019). "Clive Palmer $60m election spend shows need for cap, advocates say". The Guardian.
- Koslowski, Max (2 January 2019). "'We're not gonna take it': Twisted Sister accuses Clive Palmer of using famed anthem in political ads". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
- Williams, Tom (8 January 2019). "Clive Palmer Calls For Twisted Sister Singer Dee Snider's Australian Tour To Be Cancelled". Music Feeds. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "Clive Palmer ordered to pay $1.5m after losing Twisted Sister copyright case". ABC News. 30 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
- Whitbourn, Michaela (30 April 2021). "Clive Palmer to pay $1.5 million after losing Twisted Sister copyright fight". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
- Dennien, Matt (28 February 2020). "Clive Palmer faces fresh criminal charges from corporate watchdog". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- Danckert, Sarah; Dennien, Matt (17 July 2020). "Clive Palmer charged with fraud, director breaches". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
- Butler, Ben (17 July 2020). "Clive Palmer charged with fraud and corporate misconduct offences". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
- Tin, Jason; Walsh, Liam (12 December 2013). "Clive Palmer's daughter Mary has multimillion-dollar property portfolio in trust". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Calautti, Lisa (29 September 2019). "Clive Palmer-linked company drops $4.6 million on mansion in Perth's Applecross". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
- Lutton, Ellen (10 August 2020). "Clive Palmer quietly buys another Fig Tree Pocket house for $5 million". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
- Passmore, Daryl (6 May 2012). "Shared tragedy led to romance for Clive Palmer". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. Archived from the original on 21 May 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2021.
- AAP (7 May 2012). "Clive Palmer was 'father' to his now bride". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
- Walker, Jamie (18 August 2012). "Clive Palmer: having it all". The Australian. Archived from the original on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
- Remeikis, Amy (26 April 2013). "Palmer's party to right the wrongs. Right?". Brisbane Times. Archived from the original on 29 December 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- Terzis, Gillian. "Who is the real Clive Palmer? : Portrait of a mercurial, litigious political force". Australian Book Review. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013.
- Monteverde, Marco; Caldwell, Anna (11 October 2009). "Queensland's richest man Clive Palmer rushed to hospital". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. Archived from the original on 15 February 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2009.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- Passmore, Darryl (4 March 2012). "Sleep apnoea silent killer stalked billionaire tycoon Clive Palmer". The Sunday Mail. Queensland. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "BRW Rich 200 List 2016". BRW. Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
- "Topic | Rich List". Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
- AEC Party Register
- Wen, Philip (26 May 2011). "Mystery billionaire emerges from corporate shadows". Executive Style. Australia. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
- Heathcote, Andrew; Wood, Lachlan (25 May 2011). "Passport Power". BRW. Australia. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- "Australia's 40 Richest". Forbes Asia. 1 February 2011. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "Rich 200 2012". BRW. Fairfax Digital. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "Australia's 40 Richest". Forbes. 2013. Archived from the original on 14 March 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- Stensholt, John (24 June 2014). "BRW Rich 200: Clive Palmer shows how to lose a cool billion". BRW. Sydney. Archived from the original on 27 June 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- "BRW Rich 200". BRW. 2013. Archived from the original on 22 April 2016.
- "Australia's 40 Richest". Forbes. 2013. Archived from the original on 13 December 2017.
- Treadgold, Tim (29 January 2014). "A Miner in Parliament". Forbes Asia. Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- "BRW Rich 200 list 2014: 28. Clive Palmer". BRW. Sydney. 27 June 2014. Archived from the original on 30 June 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- Stensholt, John, ed. (3 March 2016). "BRW Rich 200 List 2015". Australian Financial Review. Archived from the original on 10 April 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- "Australia's 40 Richest". Forbes. 2015. Archived from the original on 13 December 2017.
- Branco, Jorge (27 May 2016). "BRW Rich List 2016 Clive Palmer: 'I don't know what I'm worth'". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
- Schmidt, Lucinda (27 January 2016). "Gina Rinehart Loses Her No. 1 Spot". Forbes Asia. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
- Schmidt, Lucinda (1 November 2017). "Australia's Richest 2017: Country's Wealthiest Continue Mining For Dollars". Forbes Asia. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
- Stensholt, John, ed. (25 May 2018). "2018 AFR Rich List: Who are Australia's richest people?". The Australian Financial Review. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
- Bailey, Michael (30 May 2019). "Australia's 200 richest people revealed". The Australian Financial Review. Nine Publishing. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
- Bailey, Michael; Sprague, Julieanne (30 October 2020). "2020 AFR Rich List: Australia's wealthiest 200 revealed". The Australian Financial Review. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clive Palmer.|