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Climbing salamanders is the common name for plethodontid (lungless) salamanders of the genus Aneides.[1] As this name suggests, most of these species have prehensile tails and are as mobile up a tree as in a stream. All six species inhabit mountain ecosystems, and all but two are found primarily in the mountains of California.

Climbing salamanders
Aneides lugubris.jpg
Aneides lugubris
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Plethodontidae
Subfamily: Plethodontinae
Genus: Aneides
Baird, 1851

See table


Anaides Baird, 1851 — junior homonym of Anaides Westwood, 1841 (Coleoptera)
Autodax Boulenger, 1887 — replacement name for Anaides Baird, 1851


Eight species are assigned to this genus:[1]

Image Binomial Name and Author Common Name
  Aneides aeneus
(Cope and Packard, 1881)
Green salamander
  Aneides ferreus
Cope, 1869
Clouded salamander
  Aneides flavipunctatus
(Strauch, 1870)
Black salamander
  Aneides hardii
(Taylor, 1941)
Sacramento Mountain salamander
Aneides iecanus
(Cope, 1883)
Shasta salamander
  Aneides lugubris
(Hallowell, 1849)
Arboreal salamander
  Aneides niger
Myers and Maslin, 1948
Santa Cruz black salamander
Aneides vagrans
Wake and Jackman, 1999
Wandering salamander

The AmphibiaWeb does not recognize Aneides iecanus nor Aneides niger and instead treats them as subspecies of Aneides flavipunctatus, hence listing only six species.[2]


  1. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2017). "Aneides Baird, 1851". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  2. ^ "Plethodontidae". AmphibiaWeb. University of California, Berkeley. 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2017.

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