George Clifford Richey Jr. (born December 31, 1946) is an American former amateur and professional tennis player who was active during the 1960s and 1970s. Richey achieved a highest singles ranking of World No. 6 and reached at least the quarterfinal stage of the singles event at all four Grand Slam tournaments.
Cliff Richey in 1972
|Full name||George Clifford Richey Jr.|
|Country (sports)||United States|
|Residence||San Angelo, Texas, US|
|Born||December 31, 1946|
San Angelo, Texas, US
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Turned pro||1964 (amateur tour from 1963)|
|Plays||Right-handed (one-handed backhand)|
|Highest ranking||No. 6 (1970, Martini-Rossi panel)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||QF (1967)|
|French Open||SF (1970)|
|US Open||SF (1970, 1972)|
|Tour Finals||RR (1971)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Australian Open||QF (1967)|
|French Open||QF (1971)|
|Wimbledon||2R (1967, 1968, 1969)|
|US Open||2R (1971)|
|Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results|
|French Open||QF (1969)|
|Wimbledon||2R (1964, 1966, 1967)|
|US Open||QF (1970)|
|Davis Cup||W (1969, 1970)|
Richey was a member of the American team which won the 1969 Davis Cup against Romania but did not actively participate. He was an active member of the team that won the 1970 Davis Cup, winning both his singles matches in the final against West Germany, and was voted the most valuable player. In September 1971, Richey quit the Davis Cup team before the final against Romania citing his disagreement with the USLTA over the choice of surface and the lack of consultation with players. In total, Richey played in seven Davis Cup ties between 1966 and 1970 and compiled a record of ten wins and three losses.
Richey was the winner of the first Grand Prix tennis circuit, organized in 1970, finishing ahead of Arthur Ashe and Ken Rosewall. His career-high singles ranking was World No. 6, achieved in 1970, and No. 1 in the U.S for that same year. The No. 1 ranking was decided by the outcome of the semifinal match at the Pacific Coast Championships against his direct competitor, Stan Smith, and ultimately came down to just a single point when both players had a match-point at 4–4 in the sudden death tiebreak of the final set.
Richey reached the semifinal of a Grand Slam tournament on three occasions. His first semifinal appearance was at the 1970 French Open where he lost to Yugoslav Željko Franulović in a five-set match after leading two-sets-to-one and 5–1 in the fourth set and having failed to convert two match points. At the 1970 US Open later that year Richey again reached the semifinal which he lost in straight sets to Australian Tony Roche. His last Grand Slam semifinal appearance came two years later at the 1972 US Open where he defeated Rod Laver in the fourth round but was beaten in the semis in straight sets by compatriot Arthur Ashe. His best singles result at the Wimbledon Championships was reaching the quarterfinal in 1971 in which he lost to Ken Rosewall in a close four-hour five-set match.
During the first years of the Open Era, which started in 1968, Richey chose to be an independent professional but in April 1972 he became a contract professional when he signed a four-year contract with Lamar Hunt to join the World Championship Tennis tour.
He is the brother of Nancy Richey, a Hall of Fame tennis player who won two Grand Slam singles tournaments. They were the first brother-sister combination to both be concurrently ranked in the US Top Ten. They were ranked in the Top Three concurrently in 1965, 1967, 1969 and 1970.
- 45 tournament titles over the span of a 26-year career (1964–1992) including:
- Canadian Open (1969)
- South African Open (1972)
- U.S. Indoor Championships (1968)
- U.S. Clay Court Championships (1966, 1970)
- South American Championships (1966, 1967)
- Western Open (1965, 1966, 1969)
- Legends Senior Tour Championships (1983)
- CBS Tennis Classic (1974)
- Founding member, Association of Tennis Professionals (1972)
Singles titles (28)Edit
|1.||July 5, 1965||Western Open Milwaukee||Clay||Marty Riessen||5–7, 6–4, 6–3, 6–3|
|2.||June 6, 1966||West of England Tennis Championships||Grass||Mike Belkin||6–1, 6–3|
|3.||July 11, 1966||U.S. Clay Court Championships||Clay||Frank Froehling||13–11, 6–1, 6–3|
|4.||October 30, 1966||South American Championships||Clay||Thomaz Koch||6–3, 6–2, 2–6, 6–0|
|5.||April 17, 1967||River Plate International Championships||Clay||Clark Graebner||3–6, 6–4, 7–5|
|6.||October 30, 1967||South American Championships||Clay||José Edison Mandarino||7–5, 6–8, 6–3, 6–3|
|7.||February 12, 1968||U.S. National Indoor Championships||Clay||Clark Graebner||6–4, 6–4, 6–4|
|8.||April 16, 1968||River Oaks Invitational Houston||Clay||Boro Jovanović||6–4, 6–1, 6–0|
|9.||December 23, 1968||Sugar Bowl tennis Classic New Orleans||Hard||Ron Holmberg||6–4, 6–4, 4–6, 8–6|
|10.||February 24, 1969||Curaçao International Championships||Clay||Mark Cox||6–4, 6–3, 6–3|
|11.||March 17, 1969||Thunderbird Invitational Phoenix||Manuel Santana||6–4, 6–4|
|12.||July 14, 1969||Cincinnati Open||Clay||Allan Stone||6–1, 6–2|
|13.||August 9, 1969||Canadian Open||Clay||Butch Buchholz||6–4, 5–7, 6–4, 6–0|
|14.||August 15, 1969||Pennsylvania Grass Court Championship||Grass||Robert Carmichael||6–4, 7–9, 6–2, 6–4|
|15.||December 22, 1969||Sugar Bowl Tennis Classic New Orleans||Hard||Jim Osborne||6–4, 6–4, 6–2|
|16.||January 19, 1970||Austin Smith Tennis Championship||Hard||Clark Graebner||6–3, 7–5|
|17.||February 23, 1970||Macon International Tennis Tournament||Hard||Arthur Ashe||6–3, 3–6, 8–6|
|18.||April 13, 1970||Charlotte International Tennis Tournament||Robert Carmichael||6–4, 6–4|
|19.||April 27, 1970||Atlanta Invitational Tennis Tournament||Frank Froehling||6–2, 6–2|
|20.||July 13, 1970||Washington Star International||Hard||Arthur Ashe||7–5, 6–2, 6–1|
|21.||August 2, 1970||U.S. Clay Court Championships||Clay||Stan Smith||6–2, 10–8, 3–6, 6–1|
|22.||April 26, 1971||River Oaks Invitational Houston||Clay||Clark Graebner||6–1, 6–2, 6–2|
|23.||January 24, 1972||London Indoor||Hard||Clark Graebner||7–5, 6–7, 7–5, 6–0|
|24.||April 10, 1972||South African Open||Hard||Manuel Orantes||6–4, 7–5, 3–6, 6–4|
|25.||July 10, 1972||Bretton Woods||Hard||Jeff Borowiak||6–1, 6–0|
|26.||January 14, 1974||WCT Lakeway CBS Tennis Classic||John Alexander||7–6, 6–1|
|27.||September 13, 1976||Bermuda Tennis Classic||Clay||Gene Mayer||7–6, 6–2|
|28.||April 3, 1978||South African Tennis Meet||Hard||Colin Dowdeswell||6–2, 6–4|
- Founding member, Celebrity Players' Tour (1997)
- Played celebrity golf tour for 15 years (1992–2007)
- Won tour events in Jamaica (2004) and Baltimore (2006)
- Scratch golfer (74.5 career stroke average; career best round 63)
Mental health awareness fundraising and activism:
- Richey organized tennis and golf tournaments to benefit charities:
- Angelo Catholic School (1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990)
- James Phillips Williams Memorial [Dyslexia] Foundation (1991, 1992, 1993)
- Mental Health/Mental Retardation (MHMR) (1999)
- United Way (2005, 2006, 2007, 2009)
- Nominated for Frank M. Adams Award for Outstanding Volunteer Service (2000)
Public lectures and presentations:
- Keynote presentation, Texas state convention for executive directors of MHMR (2000)
- Community legislative forums (1999, 2000)
- Invited lectures to college campuses and psychology classes (2006, 2007, 2008)
- Keynote address, MHMR banquet (Palestine, TX, 2000)
- 2010 Mental Health America/TX Boots, Bells, and Hearts award
- 2010 Texas Council of MHMR's Annual Conference, Keynote Speaker, Woodlands TX
- 2010 NAMI[expand acronym] National Convention, breakfast presentation
- Fourteen-city book tour for Acing Depression: A Tennis Champion's Toughest Match, 2010
- 2010 Lecture at the Grand Rounds, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University to Faculty and trainees
- 2010 Keynote speaker Montana State Convention on Mental Illness, Billings, Montana
- Richey, Cliff; Kallendorf, Hilaire Richey; Connors, Jimmy (April 1, 2010). Acing Depression: A Tennis Champion's Toughest Match. New Chapter Press. ISBN 978-0-942257-66-3.
- "U.S. Junior National Championships" (PDF). USTA.
- "Junior and Boys Tennis Champs are Crowned". The Owosso Argus-Press. August 2, 1963.
- "Velotti Wins Boys Championship". The New York Times. June 6, 2010.
- Grimsley, Will (September 9, 1970). "Four Americans in Tennis Quarter-final". The Day.
- "Bitter Richey Quits Davis Cup Squad". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. September 22, 1971.
- "Davis Cup player profile – Cliff Richey". ITF.
- John Barrett, ed. (1971). World of Tennis 1971. London: Queen Anne Press. pp. 133–135. ISBN 978-0362000917.
- Bud Collins (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. pp. 706, 707. ISBN 978-0942257700.
- United States Tennis Association (1979). Bill Shannon (ed.). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (Rev. and updated 1st ed.). New York: Harper & Row. p. 427. ISBN 0060144785.
- Richey, Cliff; Hilaire Richey Kallendorf (2010). Acing Depression : A Tennis Champion's Toughest Match. New York: New Chapter Press. pp. 1–4. ISBN 978-0942257663.
- "The Analysis of the Choke". World Tennis Magazine. June 4, 2010. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- Bud Collins (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. p. 462. ISBN 978-0942257700.
- "Wimbledon draws archive – 1971 Gentlemen's Singles". AELTC.
- "Cliff Richey Loses Match To Rosewall". Gettysburg Times. June 30, 1971. p. 22.
- "Cliff Richey Says he May Earn Less but prefers to be his own Boss in Tennis". Gettysburg Times. February 18, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Richey Goes Over To Hunt's Group With 4-Year Pact". The New York Times. April 12, 1972. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Sports briefs". The Leader-Post. July 11, 1966. p. 24. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- "ATP player profile – Cliff Richey". ATP.
- Bill Shannon, ed. (1981). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (3rd, Revised and updated ed.). New York [u.a.]: Harper & Row. pp. 427, 433, 434. ISBN 9780060148966.
- "RICHEY CAPTURES CANADA NET FINAL; Conquers Buchholz in 4 Sets". New York Times. August 11, 1969. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
- McCarton Ackerman (June 12, 2012). "The Alcoholism of a Tennis Great". TheFix.