Clew Bay

Clew Bay (/ˈkl/; Irish: Cuan Mó) is a natural ocean bay in County Mayo, Republic of Ireland. It contains Ireland's best example of sunken drumlins.

Clew Bay
Murrisk and Clew Bay - geograph.org.uk - 1035075.jpg
Overlooking Murrisk and Clew Bay
Clew-Bay.PNG
LocationCounty Mayo
Coordinates53°50′N 9°48′W / 53.833°N 9.800°W / 53.833; -9.800Coordinates: 53°50′N 9°48′W / 53.833°N 9.800°W / 53.833; -9.800
Native nameCuan Mó  (Irish)
EtymologyEnglish name: "bay of hurdles"
Irish name: "Modh's harbour"
River sourcesBunowen river network, Owenmore river network, Newport river network, Srahmore river, Carrowbeg River, Moyour River, Owenglasbreen Stream, Owenwee River, Owennabrockagh river, Rossow river[1]
Ocean/sea sourcesAtlantic Ocean
Basin countriesIreland
IslandsClare Island
SettlementsLouisburgh, Lecanvey, Murrisk, Westport, Newport, Mulranny

The bay is overlooked by Croagh Patrick to the south and the Nephin Range mountains of North Mayo. Clare Island guards the entrance of the bay. From the southwest part of the bay eastwards are Louisburgh, Lecanvey, Murrisk, and Westport; north of Westport is Newport, and westwards from there lies Mulranny, gateway to Achill. From the south side of the bay, between Clare Island and Achill, Bills Rocks can be seen.

HistoryEdit

 
Map c. 1890

The bay was anciently known in Irish as Cuan Mod[h] ("Mod Harbour") or Modlind ("Mod Pool"), and was associated with the Fir Bolg.[2][3][4] Some writers claim that this name derives from Modh, one of the Tuatha Dé Danann.[5] Another possibility is the Old Irish mod, moth, which meant "penis"; it is possible that the bay was imagined as a penis thrusting into the land.[6]

Another old name is Cuan Umaill ("harbour of Umhaill"), which was rendered in English as "Bay of the Owly", and then "Bay of the Owles." The English names Bay of Borace, Horrus, Baragh and Boruce are all recorded, all references to Burrishoole (Buiríos Umhaill). The name Clew Bay, of uncertain origin, first appears in a 1714 map; it may be derived from cliath, "hurdle".[7]

Clew Bay was the focus of the O'Malley family possessions in the Middle Ages, and is associated especially with Grace O'Malley or Granuaile. She is known as the Pirate Queen who commanded a fleet of ships and maintained several castles, including those on Clare Island, Achill and Rockfleet.

During the Irish Civil War in July 1922, 400 Free State troops were landed at Clew Bay to take Westport and Castlebar from Anti-Treaty forces.

Inishgort LighthouseEdit

Inishgort Lighthouse stands on the island of Inishgort, 5 km (3.1 mi) from Murrisk.

Fish farming in Clew BayEdit

In recent years there has been controversy over fish-farming in the bay. "The Organic Salmon Company" is based in Clare Island.[8]

GalleryEdit

Islands of Clew BayEdit

The bay is also home to Dorinish, a private island purchased by John Lennon in 1967.[9] Glenans Ireland, a non-profit sailing school, had a branch on Collanmore Island where sailing was taught.[citation needed]

Legend has it that Clew Bay has 365 islands in it—"an island for every day of the year". The large number of drumlins at the east end of the bay gave rise to this myth, but in fact there are not so many.

Drumlin islands, sandbars, and rocksEdit

This chart shows the relative positions of the islands, sandbars, and rocks in the eastern half of Clew Bay. There are 141 named islands and islets within the bay.[10]

86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96
96 Inishkeel Inishbobunnan
(Unnamed)
Beetle Island North
Inishlim
95 Moynish More Black Rock
Inisherkin
Inishgowla
Beetle Island South
Inishnacross
Inishtubrid Inishquirk Illannambraher Roslynagh Gobfadda
Kid Island East
Forillan
Illanavrick
Camel Island
94 Moynish Beg Inishcooa
Roeillaun
Inishdeashmore
Inishdeashbeg
Inishilra
Inishcarrick
Inishcorky
Inishdasky
Inishcoragh
(Unnamed)
Freaghillanluggagh Inishdaweel
Muckinish
Illanascraw
Inishturlin Rabbit Island
93 Inishcannon Inisheanmore Rock
Carrickachorra
Carricklahan
Freaghillan West
Inishkee
Freaghillan East
Inishcuill West
Inishfesh
Inishcuill
Carrickwee
Rosbarnagh Island
Carrigeennaronty
92 Inishoo Illanmaw
Inishgowla
Mauherillan
Inishlaughil
Inishmolt
Inishbollog
Inishdaff Inishloy
91 Inishbee Calf Island
Derrinish
Inishcottle Illannaconney
Inishnakillew
Inishturk Beg
90 Rabbit Island Knocky-Cahillaun
Quinnsheen Island
Freaghillan
Moneybeg Island
Clynish
Illaunnamona
Carrigeenglass North
Trawbaun
Carrigeenglass
Atticlea Island
89 Island More Collan Beg Collan More
Carrigeenglass South
88 Inishgort Inishlyre
87 Dorinish More Inishlaghan Crovinish
Carrickwee
Illanataggart
Rocky Island
86 Creggandillisk Dorinish Beg
Inishimmel
Inishleague Inishgowla South
Inishraher
Forillan
Carrickawart Island
Finnaun Island
Stony Island Cleavlagh Strand
85 Carrickataha Bartraw
Inishdaugh
Inisheeny Corillan
Carricknamore
Green Islands Carricknacaly Monkellys Rocks
Inishweela
Illanroe
84 Cahernaran Island Annagh Island West
Sruffanbaun Strand
Annagh Island East
Illanatee
83 Annagh Island Middle
Roeillan

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.wfdireland.ie/docs/1_River%20Basin%20Management%20Plans%202009%20-%202015/WRBD%20RBMP%202010/Water%20Management%20Unit%20Action%20Plans/Clew%20Bay%20WMU_190310.pdf
  2. ^ society, Irish archaeological and Celtic (April 15, 1844). "Publications". Society. – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Dunraven, Edwin Richard Windham Wyndham-Quin Earl of (April 15, 1877). "Notes on Irish Architecture0: II". Gge Bell – via Google Books.
  4. ^ O'Rahilly, Thomas Francis (April 15, 1946). "Early Irish History and Mythology". Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Survey, Great Britain Ordnance; O'Donovan, John; O'Flanagan, Michael (April 15, 1927). "Letters Containing Information Relative to the Antiquities of the Counties [of Ireland: Mayo. 2 v" – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "eDIL - Irish Language Dictionary". www.dil.ie.
  7. ^ "Cuan Mó/Clew Bay". Logainm.ie.
  8. ^ "Organic Salmon - Irish Organic Salmon". www.theorganicsalmoncompany.com.
  9. ^ McVeigh, Tracy (2012-09-22). "For sale: John Lennon's dream island where King of the Hippies reigned". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-04-24.
  10. ^ "The Story of Clew Bay from Granuaile to John Lennon". irishtimes.com. The Irish Times. Retrieved 11 May 2020.

Other projectsEdit

  Media related to Clew Bay at Wikimedia Commons

External linksEdit