Clement Furman Haynsworth Jr. (October 30, 1912 – November 22, 1989), was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and an unsuccessful nominee for the United States Supreme Court.
|Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|
April 6, 1981 – November 22, 1989
|Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|
December 3, 1964 – April 6, 1981
|Preceded by||Simon Sobeloff|
|Succeeded by||Harrison Lee Winter|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|
April 4, 1957 – April 6, 1981
|Appointed by||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Preceded by||Armistead Mason Dobie|
|Succeeded by||Robert F. Chapman|
Clement Furman Haynsworth Jr.
October 30, 1912
Greenville, South Carolina
|Died||November 22, 1989 (aged 77)|
Greenville, South Carolina
|Education||Furman University (A.B.)|
Harvard Law School (LL.B.)
Education and careerEdit
Born on October 30, 1912, in Greenville, South Carolina, Haynsworth received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1933 from Furman University and a Bachelor of Laws in 1936 from Harvard Law School. He entered private practice in Greenville from 1936 to 1942. He served in the United States Navy from 1942 to 1945. He returned to private practice in Greenville from 1945 to 1957.
Federal judicial serviceEdit
Haynsworth was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on February 19, 1957, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit vacated by Judge Armistead Mason Dobie. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 4, 1957, and received commission the same day. He served as Chief Judge and a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States from 1964 to 1981. He assumed senior status on April 6, 1981. His service terminated on November 22, 1989, due to his death in Greenville.
Unsuccessful Supreme Court nominationEdit
On August 21, 1969, President Richard Nixon nominated Haynsworth to be an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was proposed to succeed liberal justice Abe Fortas, who had resigned over conflict of interest charges. Haynsworth was opposed by a coalition of Democrats (possibly in retaliation for the Republicans' rejection of Fortas as Chief Justice), Rockefeller Republicans, and the NAACP. He was alleged to have made court decisions favoring segregation and of being reflexively anti-labor. Democratic United States Senator Philip Hart of Michigan said that Haynsworth's decisions on civil rights and labor/management were "unacceptable," while Republican Senator Marlow Cook of Kentucky argued that Haynsworth was being "subjected to a character assassination that is unjustified." Cook argued that Haynsworth was "a man of honesty and a man of integrity." Haynsworth was also accused of ruling in cases in which he had a financial interest, although this claim was never proved. Haynsworth was later termed a "moderate" who was "close in outlook" to John Paul Stevens, a 1975 nominee of President Gerald R. Ford, Jr. Haynsworth's nomination was defeated by a vote of 55 to 45 on November 21, 1969. 19 Democrats and 26 Republicans voted for Haynsworth while 38 Democrats and 17 Republicans voted against the nomination. Haynsworth was the first Supreme Court nominee to be defeated by the Senate since the rejection of Judge John J. Parker (also of the Fourth Circuit) in 1930. Nixon eventually nominated Harry Blackmun, who was confirmed by the Senate.
- G. Harrold Carswell, also nominated by President Nixon and not confirmed by the Senate to the same seat.
- Clement Furman Haynsworth Jr. at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- David A. Kaplan (1989-09-04). "The Reagan Court - Child of Lyndon Johnson?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- http://www.upi.com/Audio/Year_in_Review/Events-of-1969/War-Protests/12303189849225-3/#title "Supreme Court: 1969 Year in Review," UPI.com
- Susan Clary (1983-05-04). "Building Named in Honor of Haynsworth". The Greenville News. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
Armistead Mason Dobie
| Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
Robert F. Chapman
| Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
Harrison Lee Winter