Clay Shaw

Clay LaVerne Shaw (March 17, 1913 – August 15, 1974)[1] was a businessman in New Orleans, Louisiana. He was the only person prosecuted in connection with the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, and was acquitted.

Clay Shaw
Clay Shaw.jpg
Born
Laverne C. Shaw

(1913-03-17)March 17, 1913
Kentwood, Louisiana, United States
DiedAugust 15, 1974(1974-08-15) (aged 61)
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
EducationWarren Easton High School
OccupationBusinessman and director of the International Trade Mart in New Orleans
Parent(s)
  • Glaris Lenora Shaw.
  • Alice Herrington Shaw
Military career
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
RankUS-O4 insignia.svg Major
Battles/warsWorld War II

BackgroundEdit

Shaw, a native of Kentwood, Louisiana, was the son of Glaris Lenora Shaw,[2] a United States Marshal, and Alice Shaw.[3] His grandfather had been the sheriff of Tangipahoa Parish.[3] When he was five, Shaw's family moved to New Orleans, where he eventually attended Warren Easton High School.[3]

Shaw served as an officer in the United States Army during World War II. He served as secretary to the General Staff and later served in Europe. He was decorated by three nations: the United States with the Legion of Merit and Bronze Star, by France with the Croix de Guerre and named Chevalier de l'Ordre du Merite, and by Belgium named Chevalier of the Order of the Crown of Belgium. Shaw was honorably discharged from the United States Army as a major in 1946.[4]

After World War II Shaw helped start the International Trade Mart in New Orleans which facilitated the sales of both domestic and imported goods. He was known locally for his efforts to preserve buildings in New Orleans' historic French Quarter.[5]

Shaw was also a published playwright. The best-known of his works, Submerged (1929),[6] was co-authored with H. Stuart Cottman[7][8][9] when both were still high-school students.[10][11]

Arrest and trialEdit

New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison prosecuted Clay Shaw on the charge that Shaw and a group of activists, including David Ferrie and Guy Banister, were involved in a conspiracy with elements of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in the John F. Kennedy assassination. Garrison arrested Shaw on March 1, 1967.[12] Garrison believed that Shaw was the man named as "Clay Bertrand" in the Warren Commission Report. Garrison said that Shaw used the alias Clay Bertrand in New Orleans' gay society.[13][14]

During the trial, which took place in January–February 1969, Garrison called insurance salesman Perry Russo[citation needed] as his main witness. Russo testified that he had attended a party at the apartment of anti-Castro activist David Ferrie. At the party, Russo said that Lee Harvey Oswald (who Russo said was introduced to him as "Leon Oswald"), David Ferrie, and "Clay Bertrand" (who Russo identified in the courtroom as Shaw) had discussed killing Kennedy.[15] The conversation included plans for the "triangulation of crossfire" and alibis for the participants.[15]

Critics of Garrison argue that his own records indicate that Russo's story had evolved over time.[16] A key source was the "Sciambra Memo", which recorded Assistant D.A. Andrew Sciambra's[17] first interview with Russo. The memo does not mention an "assassination party", and says that Russo met with Shaw on two occasions, neither of which occurred at the party.[18]

On March 1, 1969, Shaw was found not guilty on all charges after the jury deliberated for less than one hour. Despite his acquittal, Shaw's reputation and public image never fully recovered.[19][20][21]

Shaw denied any part of a conspiracy and said of the slain President: "I was a great admirer of Kennedy. I thought he had given the nation a new turn after the rather drab Eisenhower years ... I felt he was vitally concerned about social issues, which concerned me also. I thought he had youth, imagination, style, and élan. All in all, I considered him a splendid president."[22]

DeathEdit

A heavy smoker most of his life, Clay Shaw died on August 15, 1974(1974-08-15) (aged 61) about 12:40 AM at his residence at 1022 St. Peter Street.[23] The death certificate was signed by Dr. Hugh M. Batson, with the cause of death listed as metastatic lung cancer.[24] Shaw was buried in Woodland Cemetery in Kentwood, Louisiana.[25]

At the time of his death, Shaw was engaged in a $5 million lawsuit against Garrison and members of an organization, Truth and Consequences Inc., that financed Garrison's investigation.[26] As Shaw had no surviving relatives, the United States Supreme Court dismissed the suit in 1978.[27]

Later disclosuresEdit

  • In 1979, Richard Helms, former Director of the CIA, testified under oath that Shaw had been a part-time contact of the Domestic Contact Service (DCS) of the CIA, where Shaw volunteered information from his travels abroad, mostly to Latin America.[28] Like Shaw, 150,000 Americans (businessmen, and journalists, etc.) had provided such information to the DCS by the mid-1970s "on a nonclandestine basis" and that "such acts of cooperation should not be confused with an actual Agency relationship".[28][29]
  • In 1996, the CIA revealed that Shaw had obtained a "five Agency" clearance in 1949.[30] In February 2003, the CIA released documents pertaining to an earlier inquiry from the Assassination Records Review Board about QKENCHANT, a CIA "project used to provide security approvals on non-Agency personnel", that indicated "Clay Shaw received an initial “five agency” clearance on 23 March 1949", and that "Shaw in all probability was not cleared by the QKENCHANT program."[31]

In popular cultureEdit

Tommy Lee Jones portrayed Shaw in Oliver Stone's 1991 film JFK.[32] He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the role.[33]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Person Details for Clay L Shaw, "United States Social Security Death Index" —". FamilySearch. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  2. ^ "United States World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942". shows Clay's father's full name "Glaris Lenora Shaw", born in Kentwood Louisiana on 25 November 1887.
  3. ^ a b c James, Rosemary; Wardlaw, Jack (1967). Plot Or Politics?: The Garrison Case and Its Cast. New Orleans: Pelican Publishing Company. p. 62. ISBN 9781589809185. Archived from the original on June 9, 2016. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  4. ^ "Clay L. Shaw", Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement 9: 1971-75. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1994.
  5. ^ Milton E. Brener, The Garrison Case (New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1969), pp. 62-64; Patricia Lambert, False Witness (New York: M. Evans and Co., 1998), pp. 48-49; Paris Flammonde, The Kennedy Conspiracy (New York: Meredith Press, 1969), pp. 71-74; Clay Shaw testimony, State of Louisiana v. Clay L. Shaw, February 27, 1969 "The JFK 100: Who Was Clay Shaw?" Archived October 15, 2004, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Cottman, H. Stuart; Shaw, Le Vergne (October 23, 1929). Wise, Claude Merton (ed.). Submerged: a tragedy in one act. Gateway series of tested plays. Evanston, Illinois: Row, Peterson & Company. OCLC 949841804.
  7. ^ "Louisiana, Orleans Parish Vital Records, 1905-1913, 1955-1963". shows Herman Stuart Cottman birthdate as 23 March 1911.
  8. ^ "United States Census, 1930". shows Herman S. Cottman residing in household of Alfred J. Lewis in New Orleans, Louisiana, being 19 years old as of April 4, 1930.
  9. ^ "Louisiana First Registration Draft Cards, compiled 1940-1945". shows Herman Stuart Cottman birthdate as 23 March 1911.
  10. ^ Snyder, Michael (2010). ""I Feel Like a Spring Lamb" - What Clay Shaw's Literary Life Reveals". In Williams, John Delane; Waite, Robert G.; Gordon, Gregory S. (eds.). John F. Kennedy History, Memory, Legacy: An Interdisciplinary Inquiry. Archived from the original on May 23, 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
  11. ^ Kubiatowicz, David (March 13, 2010). "A Short Acting Career". White Bear Lake, Minnesota. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 24, 2017. [The premise of Submerged] is a crippled submarine in which the Commander ... has decided to launch himself out of the torpedo hold with a note on his body indicating the location of the submarine for would be rescuers to see.
  12. ^ Chriss, Nicholas C (March 2, 1967). "New Orleans Civic Leader Accused. Quizzed for Five Hour's About Conspiracy in Assassination". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 26, 2012. Retrieved April 12, 2010.
  13. ^ James Phelan, Scandals, Scamps, and Scoundrels, pp. 150-51. (ISBN 0-394-48196-8)
  14. ^ Garrison, Jim. On The Trail of the Assassins, (New York: Sheridan Square Press, 1988), pp. 85-86. ISBN 0-941781-02-X
  15. ^ a b Testimony of Perry Raymond Russo Archived May 25, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, State of Louisiana vs. Clay L. Shaw, February 10, 1969.
  16. ^ "Way Too Willing Witness". Jfkassassination.net. Archived from the original on November 24, 2010. Retrieved September 17, 2010.
  17. ^ Direct Examination of Assistant District Attorney Andrew Sciambra by Defense Attorney Alcock Archived May 25, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, State of Louisiana vs. Clay L. Shaw, February 12, 1969.
  18. ^ "The Sciambra Memo". Archived from the original on November 28, 2010. Retrieved September 17, 2010.
  19. ^ Clay Shaw Interview, Penthouse, November 1969, pp. 34-35.
  20. ^ "Clay Shaw Trial Transcripts, February 28, 1969, page 47". Aarclibrary.org. Archived from the original on May 9, 2007. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  21. ^ The Times-Picayune archive. "John Pope, "Andrew 'Moo Moo' Sciambra, who worked on Jim Garrison investigation of JFK assassination, dies at age 75." The Times-Picayune, (July 28, 2010)". Nola.com. Archived from the original on July 29, 2010. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
  22. ^ Bugliosi, Vincent (2007). Reclaiming History: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 1376n. ISBN 978-0-393-04525-3.
  23. ^ Bird, David (August 16, 1974). "Clay Shaw Is Dead at 60. Freed in Kennedy 'Plot'. New Orleans Businessman Accused of Planning President's Murder. Doubts Are Cited. Both 'Plotters' Dead". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved April 12, 2010.
  24. ^ "Clay Shaw: Mysterious Death?". John C. McAdams. Archived from the original on February 7, 2007. Retrieved November 29, 2017. Date of Hospitalization Case Report: 1974-08-28
  25. ^ Wilson, Scott (August 17, 2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. McFarland. ISBN 9780786479924. Archived from the original on November 25, 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2018 – via Google Books.
  26. ^ "Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Archived from the original on May 1, 2016. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
  27. ^ Times-Picayune, The. "1968: The Clay Shaw trial on JFK conspiracy charges". NOLA.com. Archived from the original on September 20, 2015. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
  28. ^ a b Holland, Max (2001). "The Lie That Linked CIA to the Kennedy Assassination". Studies in Intelligence. Washington, D.C.: Central Intelligence Agency: Center for the Study of Intelligence (Fall-Winter 2001, 11). Archived from the original on December 10, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  29. ^ Report of the Select Committee on Assassinations of the U.S. House of Representatives. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. p. 218. ...25,000 Americans annually provided information to the CIA's Domestic Contacts Division on a nonclandestine basis" and that "such acts of cooperation should not be confused with an actual Agency relationship.
  30. ^ "ARRB REQUEST: CIA-IR-06, QKENCHANT" (PDF). Central Intelligence Agency. May 14, 1996. p. 5. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  31. ^ "ARRB REQUEST: CIA-IR-06, QKENCHANT" (pdf). Central Intelligence Agency. May 14, 1996. p. 5. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  32. ^ Weinraub, Bernard (August 1, 1993). "FILM; Tommy Lee Jones Snarls His Way to the Pinnacle". NY Times. The New York Times Company. p. 2011. Archived from the original on November 21, 2018. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  33. ^ "Tommy Lee Jones' First Oscar Win Brought With It Some Awesome Eyewear". Huffington Post. Oath Inc. February 24, 2013. Archived from the original on February 27, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2017.

Further readingEdit

  • Brener, Milton (1969). The Garrison Case: A Study in the Abuse of Power. New York: C. N. Potter.[ISBN missing][page needed]
  • Garrison, Jim (1970). A Heritage of Stone. Putnam Publishing Group. ISBN 0-399-10398-8.
  • Garrison, Jim (1988). On the Trail of the Assassins. New York: Sheridan Square Press. ISBN 0-446-36277-8.
  • Holland, Max (2001). "The Power of Disinformation: The Lie that Linked CIA to the Kennedy Assassination". Studies in Intelligence. 11 (Fall–Winter).
  • Kirkwood, James (1992). American Grotesque: An Account of the Clay Shaw–Jim Garrison–Kennedy Assassination Trial in New Orleans. New York: HarperPerennial. ISBN 0-06-097523-7.
  • Lambert, Patricia (2000). False Witness: The Real Story of Jim Garrison's Investigation and Oliver Stone's Film 'JFK'. New York: M. Evans. ISBN 0-87131-920-9.
  • Summers, Anthony (1998). Not in Your Lifetime. New York: Marlowe & Company. ISBN 1-56924-739-0.
  • Weisberg, Harold (1967). Oswald in New Orleans: Case for Conspiracy with the C.I.A. New York: Canyon Books.[ISBN missing]

External linksEdit