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Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo (born 24 June 1962) is a Mexican scientist, politician and incumbent mayor of Mexico City. She jointly received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 as a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. She was elected as mayor on 1 July 2018 as part of the Juntos Haremos Historia coalition. She is the second woman to serve as mayor but the first to be elected and the first member of the Jewish faith to be elected mayor of Mexico City.
|Head of Government of Mexico City|
|Assumed office |
5 December 2018
|Preceded by||José Ramón Amieva|
|Delegational Chief of Tlalpan|
1 October 2015 – 6 December 2017
|Preceded by||Héctor Hugo Hernández Rodríguez|
|Succeeded by||Fernando Hernández Palacios|
|Secretary of the Environment of the Federal District|
5 December 2000 – 15 May 2006
|Preceded by||Alejandro Encinas Rodríguez|
|Succeeded by||Eduardo Vega López|
Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo
24 June 1962
Mexico City, Mexico
|Political party||National Regeneration Movement (since 2014)|
|Party of the Democratic Revolution (1989–2014)|
Carlos Ímaz Gispert (m. 1987–2016)
|Education||National Autonomous University of Mexico|
Previously, Sheinbaum served as the Secretary of the Environment of Mexico City during Andrés Manuel López Obrador's term as mayor, and she was a governor of Tlalpan administrative borough from 2015 to 2017.
Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo was born to a secular Jewish family on 24 June 1962 in Mexico City, the second daughter of Carlos Sheinbaum Yoselevitz and Annie Pardo Cemo. Her grandparents emigrated to Mexico City from Lithuania and Bulgaria.
Sheinbaum studied physics at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). She graduated in 1989 with a B.S. in Physics, publishing a thesis on the thermodynamics of wood-burning stoves (Spanish: Estudio termodinámico de una estufa doméstica de leña para uso rural, lit. 'Thermodynamic study of a domestic wood-burning stove for rural use'). She received a masters in 1994 with a thesis on the economics of electric lighting (Spanish: Economía del uso eficiente de la energía eléctrica en la iluminación, lit. 'Economics of the efficient usage of electric energy for lighting'), and a PhD in Environmental engineering in 1996 with a thesis on residential energy use in Mexico (Spanish: Tendencias y perspectivas de la energía residencial en México, lit. 'Trends and perspectives in residential energy in Mexico').
She completed the work for her doctoral thesis at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory on a grant from UNAM. She completed the Advanced Studies Program in Sustainable Development and the Environment at the Center for Demographic, Urban, and Environmental Studies (Spanish: Centro de Estudios Demográficos, Urbanos y Ambientales), and the Advanced Studies Program in Sustainable Development at El Colegio de México, and is thus a member of the Sistema Nacional de Investigadores and the Mexican Academy of Sciences.
She was an advisor for the National Commission for the Saving of Energy and the Management of Economic Studies of the Federal Commission of Electricity (Spanish: Comisión Nacional para el Ahorro de Energía y de la Gerencia de Estudios Económicos de la Comisión Federal de Electricidad).
She is a researcher at the Institute of Engineering at UNAM. In 2007, she joined the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change at the United Nations in the field of energy and industry, as an author on the topic "Mitigation of climate change" for the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. This group would receive a Nobel Peace Prize that same year. In 2013, she authored the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report alongside 11 other experts in the field of industry.
During her time as a student at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, she was a member of the Consejo Estudantil Universitario (University Student Council), a group of students that would become the founding youth movement of the Mexican Party of the Democratic Revolution.
On 20 November 2000, she was appointed to the cabinet of the Head of Government of Mexico City Andrés Manuel López Obrador, taking the position of Secretary of the Environment of Mexico City on 5 December. During her term, she was responsible for the construction of the second level of the Periférico, a major highway system in Mexico City, the first Mexico City Metrobús line, and an electronic vehicle-registration center for Mexico City. She resigned from her position in 2006 in order to join López Obrador's presidential campaign as a spokesperson. Following the events of the 2006 Mexican general election and allegations of vote fraud against the winning National Action Party, she was named the Secretary of Defense of López Obrador's "Legitimate Government" (Spanish: Gobierno Legítimo).
In April 2008, together with other leaders, Sheinbaum organized the Movement for the Defense of Petroleum (Spanish: Movimiento de la Defensa del Petróleo), creating women's brigades which were called adelitas, a reference to the women of the Mexican Revolution who created intense civil resistance demonstrations outside the Senate of the Republic. These adelitas protested against the short time allocated to legislate and debate energy reform, and against the presumed goal of the privatization of PEMEX.
From the end of 2015, Sheinbaum served as the mayor of Tlalpan. She resigned from the position upon receiving the nomination for candidacy of the mayor of Mexico City for the Juntos Haremos Historia (Together We Will Make History) coalition, consisting of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA), the Labor Party (PT), and the Social Encounter Party (PES).
On 1 July 2018, Sheinbaum was elected as mayor of Mexico City. During the campaign Sheinbaum was accused by the PAN for the collapse of an elementary school that killed 19 children in an earthquake.
Sheinbaum participated as a judge in the Latin American Independent Film and Documentary Festival of the Millennium (Spanish: Encuentro Hispanoamericano del Milenio de Video Documental Independiente) in Mexico City from 25–30 June in 2000.
Abridged academic bibliographyEdit
Sheinbaum is the author of over 100 articles and two books on the topics of energy, the environment, and sustainable development. A selection follows:
- Problemática ambiental de la Ciudad de México, Sheinbaum C. Limusa-Instituto de Ingeniería, UNAM. 2008. ISBN 978-607-5-00049-7.
- Consumo de energía y emisiones de CO2 del autotransporte en México y Escenarios de Mitigación, Ávila-Solís JC, Sheinbaum-Pardo C. 2016.
- Social implications of siting wind energy in a disadvantaged region – the case of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review 58: 952-965 Huesca-Pérez ME, Sheinbaum-Pardo C, Köppel J. 2016.
- Decomposition analysis from demand services to material production: The case of CO2 emissions from steel produced for automobiles in Mexico, Applied Energy, 174: 245-255, Sheinbaum-Pardo C. 2016.
- The impact of energy efficiency standards on residential electricity consumption in Mexico, Energy for Sustainable Development, 32:50-61 Martínez-Montejo S.A., Sheinbaum-Pardo C. 2016.
- Science and Technology in the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals, World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 14:2 - 17. Imaz M. Sheinbaum C. 2017.
- Assessing the Impacts of Final Demand on CO2-eq Emissions in the Mexican Economy: An Input-Output Analysis, Energy and Power Engineering, 9:40-54, Chatellier D, Sheinbaum C. 2017.
- Energy efficiency in Mexican iron and steel industry from an international perspective. Aceptado con correcciones a Journal of Cleaner Production 158: 335-348, Rojas-Cardenas JC, Hasanbeigi A, Sheinbaum-Pardo C, Price L. 2017.
- The structure of household energy consumption and related CO2 emissions by income group in Mexico. Energy for Sustainable Development, Rosas J., Sheinbaum C, Morillón, D. 2010.
- Electricity sector reforms in four Latin-American countries and their impact on carbon dioxide emissions and renewable energy, Ruíz- Mendoza BJ, Sheinbaum-Pardo C. Energy Policy, 2010
- Energy consumption and related CO2 emissions in five Latin American countries: Changes from 1990 to 2006 and perspectives, Sheinbaum C, Ruíz BJ, Ozawa L. Energy, 2010.
- Mitigating Carbon Emissions while Advancing National Development Priorities: The Case of Mexico, C Sheinbaum, O Masera, Climatic Change, Springer, 2000.
- Energy use and CO 2 emissions for Mexico’s cement industry, C Sheinbaum, L Ozawa, Energy, Elsevier Science,1998.
- Energy use and CO2 emissions in Mexico's iron and steel industry, L Ozawa, C Sheinbaum, N Martin, E Worrell, L Price, Energy, Elsevier, 2002.
- New trends in industrial energy efficiency in the Mexico iron and steel industry, L Ozawa, N Martin, E Worrell, L Price, C Sheinbaum, OSTI, 1999.
- Mexican Electric end-use Efficiency: Experiences to Date, R Friedmann, C Sheinbaum, Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 1998.
- Transportation energy use in Mexico, C Sheinbaum, S Meyers, J Sathaye, OSTI, 1994.
- Incorporating Sustainable Development Concerns into Climate Change Mitigation: A Case Study, OR Masera, C Sheinbaum, Climate Change and Development, UDLAP, 2000.
- "Mexico City elects first-ever Jewish mayor, exit poll shows". The Times of Israel. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- Kahn, Carrie (25 July 2018). "Meet Mexico City's First Elected Female Mayor". NPR.
Both Sheinbaum's parents, also scientists, are children of Jewish immigrants from Bulgaria and Lithuania. Sheinbaum says she celebrated holidays at her grandparents', but her home life was secular
- "Climate Change 2007 - Mitigation of Climate Change: Working Group III". IPCC. Retrieved 2 July 2018
- "Industry Archived 14 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine". IPCC. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- Belsasso, Bibiana (8 May 2017). ""Me separé de Carlos Ímaz de común acuerdo hace un año"" ["I split with Carlos Ímaz by mutual agreement one year ago"]. La Razon de Mexico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- Robles de la Rosa, Leticia (12 September 2016). "CEU: semillero de políticos; el movimiento estudiantil del 86" [CEU: A hotbed of politicians; the student movement of '86]. Excelsior (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- Luis Flores, José (21 November 2000). "Presenta AMLO su gabinete" [AMLO presents his cabinet]. El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- Cardoso, Laura (27 December 2000). "Crearán central de verificentros" [Center of vehicular registration to be created]. El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- Cabinet Proposal of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (31 January 2012). "Propuesta de Gabinete de Andrés Manuel López Obrador". Sitio Oficial de Andrés Manuel López Obrador (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 31 January 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- Tello, Natividad (29 March 2018). "Estos son los candidatos de coalición 'Juntos Haremos Historia' en CDMX" [These are the candidates of the coalition "Together We Will Make History" in Mexico City]. Excelsior (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "Mexico City elects first Jewish mayor". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "Claudia Sheinbaum elected as the first woman mayor of Mexico City". The Free Press Journal. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- "El hijo de Claudia Sheinbaum que llego a Cannes". cunadegrillos. 20 December 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- Alejandro Hernández, Edgar (19 June 2000). "Buscan videoastas un foro de expresión documental" [A forum for documentaries searches for videographers]. El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.