Claude R. Wickard
Claude Raymond Wickard (February 28, 1893 – April 29, 1967) was a Democratic politician who served as the Secretary of Agriculture during the administrations of Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman from 1940 to 1945.
|Claude Raymond Wickard|
|12th United States Secretary of Agriculture|
September 5, 1940 – June 29, 1945
|President||Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
|Preceded by||Henry A. Wallace|
|Succeeded by||Clinton P. Anderson|
February 28, 1893|
Carroll County, Indiana, United States
|Died||April 29, 1967
Delphi, Indiana, United States
|Resting place||Maple Lawn Cemetery, Flora, Indiana, United States|
|Spouse(s)||Louise Eckert Wickard
(1892 – 1966)
|Children||Betty Jane Wickard
Ann Louise Wickard
|Parents||Andrew Jackson Wickard
Iva Kirkpatrick Wickard
|Alma mater||Purdue University (1915)|
|“||A Victory Garden is like a share in an airplane factory. It helps win the War and pays dividends too.||”|
Wickard was born on his family farm in Carroll County, Indiana, near Camden, on February 28, 1893. He was born to Iva Lenora (née Kirkpatrick) and Andrew Jackson Wickard. He graduated from Purdue University in 1915 with a bachelor's degree in agriculture, and was chosen as "Master Farmer of Indiana" in 1927, for his improvements in stock feeding and farming.
He was elected from the Indiana Senate in 1932, and was appointed as Undersecretary of Agriculture. When Henry A. Wallace resigned as the Secretary of Agriculture in September 1940 to run for Vice-President in the 1940 presidential election, Wickard was appointed to the post.
During World War II, Wickard headed the War Food Administration, promoting increased farmer production as a matter of patriotism. His slogan was "Food Will Win the War and Write the Peace." On January 18th, 1943, Wickard banned the sale of pre-sliced bread, possibly to save tools and wax paper, which was required at the time. He resigned on June 29, 1945, to become Chief of the Rural Electrification Administration, where he served until 1953. He ran unsuccessfully as a Democratic candidate for the U.S. Senate in 1956, losing to incumbent Homer E. Capehart.
Wickard was killed in an automobile accident and died on April 29, 1967. Reportedly, he ran a stop sign at the intersection of Indiana State Road 18 and the U.S. Highway 421 near Delphi, Indiana, and his vehicle was hit by a crushed-stone truck. He is interred in Maple Lawn Cemetery in Flora, Indiana.
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Henry A. Wallace
|U.S. Secretary of Agriculture
Served under: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
September 5, 1940 – May 29, 1945
Clinton P. Anderson
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