Lanzmann in 2014
|Died||5 July 2018 (aged 92)|
|Known for||Shoah (1985)|
(m. 1963; div. 1971)
(m. after 1971, divorced)
(m. after 1995)
|Partner(s)||Simone de Beauvoir (1952–1959)|
Lanzmann was born on 27 November 1925 in Paris, France, the son of Paulette (née Grobermann) and Armand Lanzmann. His family was Jewish, and had immigrated to France from Eastern Europe. He was the brother of writer Jacques Lanzmann. Lanzmann attended the Lycée Blaise-Pascal in Clermont-Ferrand. While his family disguised their identity and went into hiding during World War II, he joined the French resistance at the age of 17, along with his father and brother, and fought in Auvergne. Lanzmann opposed the French war in Algeria and signed the 1960 antiwar petition Manifesto of the 121.
Lanzmann was the chief editor of the journal Les Temps Modernes, founded by Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, and lecturer at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland. In 2009 he published his memoirs under the title Le lièvre de Patagonie ("The Patagonian Hare").
Lanzmann's most renowned work, Shoah (1985), is a nine-and-a-half-hour oral history of the Holocaust, broadly considered to be the foremost film on the subject. Shoah is made without the use of any historical footage, and uses only first-person testimony from perpetrators and victims, and contemporary footage of Holocaust-related sites. Interviewees include the Polish resistance fighter Jan Karski and Raul Hilberg, the American Holocaust historian. When the film was released, the director also published the complete text, including in English translation, with introductions by Lanzmann and Simone de Beauvoir.
Lanzmann disagreed, sometimes angrily, with attempts to understand the why of Hitler, stating that the evil of Hitler cannot or should not be explained and that to do so is immoral and an obscenity.
On 4 July 2018, his latest work, Les Quatre Soeurs (Shoah: Four Sisters) was released, featuring testimonials from four Holocaust survivors not included in his Shoah. Lanzmann died the following day.
From 1952 to 1959, he lived with Simone de Beauvoir. In 1963 he married French actress Judith Magre. They divorced in 1971, and he later married Angelika Schrobsdorff, a German-Jewish writer. He divorced a second time and married Dominique Petithory in 1995. He was the father of Angélique Lanzmann, born in 1950, Sara Siegel, born in 1991, and Félix Lanzmann who died in 2017, aged 23. Claude Lanzmann died on 5 July 2018 at his Paris home, after having been ill for several days. He was 92.
- Resistance Medal with rosette
- Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit
- 2010 Welt-Literaturpreis
- 2011 Honorary Doctorate from the University of Lucerne
- 2011 Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor
- At the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival in February 2013, Lanzmann was awarded with the Honorary Golden Bear.
- Israel, Why (Pourquoi Israel) (1973)
- Shoah (1985)
- Tsahal (1994)
- A Visitor from the Living (1997)
- Sobibor, October 14, 1943, 4 p.m. (2001)
- Lights and Shadows (2008)
- The Karski Report (2010)
- The Last of the Unjust (2013) about Benjamin Murmelstein, Elder of Theresienstadt
- Napalm (2017)
- Shoah: Four Sisters (2017)
- Claude Lanzmann: Spectres of the Shoah (2015) a documentary about Lanzmann, directed by Adam Benzine
- Shoah: An Oral History of the Holocaust : The Complete Text of the Film. Pantheon Books, New York 1985, ISBN 978-0-394-55142-5
- The Patagonian Hare: A Memoir (translated by Frank Wynne). London: Atlantic Books, 2012, ISBN 978-1-84887-360-5 ; Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York 2012, ISBN 978-0-374-23004-3
- La Tombe du divin plongeur. Gallimard, Paris 2012 ISBN 978-2-070-45677-2
- Pascal, Julia (5 July 2018). "Claude Lanzmann obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
- Epstein, Helen (26 March 2012). "Fuse Feature: A Conversation with Claude Lanzmann about his memoir, "The Patagonian Hare"". The Arts Fuse. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- Delacampagne, Christian (2007). "Claude Lanzmann (1925–)". In Reilly, Brian J. (ed.). The Columbia History of Twentieth-century French Thought. Columbia University Press. pp. 571–72. ISBN 9780231107907.
- Berry, Meghan (26 March 2012). "Claude Lanzmann Talks About Shoah, de Beauvoir and His Memoir With Charlie Rose". On Campus. Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
- Dax, Max (19 June 2009). "Israels Feinde machen keine Gefangenen" [Israel's enemies do not take prisoners]. Die Tageszeitung (in German). ISSN 0931-9085. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- Claude Lanzmann Faculty profile at European Graduate School
- Paul Berman (10 August 2012). "The Witness". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
- Rosenbaum, Ron (1999). "Claude Lanzmann and the War Against the Question Why". Explaining Hitler: The Search for the Origins of His Evil. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-679-43151-9.
- Nouchi, Ramck (5 July 2018). "Claude Lanzmann, le réalisateur de " Shoah ", est mort". Le Monde (in French). Retrieved 5 July 2018.
- Claude Lanzmann Dies: Director Best Known For Holocaust Documentary 'Shoah' Was 92
- Menand, Louis (26 September 2005). "Stand By Your Man". The New Yorker: Condé Nast. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
- "Nothing he hasn't done, nowhere he hasn't been". Lrb.co.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "Claude Lanzmann se confie sur la mort de son fils Félix, 23 ans". Femme Actuelle. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- "Auszeichnung: Claude Lanzmann erhält den "Welt"-Literaturpreis". Berliner Morgenpost (in German). 2 October 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
- "Honorary Doctorates - University of Lucerne". www.unilu.ch. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- 'La promotion du 14 juillet de la Légion d'honneur', in Le Figaro, 14 July 2011 
- "Claude Lanzmann: an extraordinary prize for an extraordinary man". Vivamost.com. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Claude Lanzmann.|
- Claude Lanzmann on IMDb
- Jeffries, Stuart. 'Claude Lanzmann on why Holocaust documentary Shoah still matters', The Guardian, 9 June 2011.
- Lanzmann, Claude. "From the Holocaust to the Holocaust", Telos, 42, 21 December 1979, 137–143 doi:10.3817/1279042137
- 'Witness to History: Claude Lanzmann’s Journey to Shoah, Weekly Standard, 8 October 2012.
- "Claude Lanzmann Shoah Collection", Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (video excerpts and transcripts of all interviews for Shoah, including outtakes).
- Galster, Ingrid (2011). "'Eine große Qualität meines Buches ist seine Ehrlichkeit.' Postscriptum zu der Debatte um die Autobiographie Claude Lanzmanns", in Das Argument, 290, 72–83.