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The Clackmannanshire Bridge is a road bridge over the Firth of Forth in Scotland which opened to traffic on 19 November 2008. Prior to 1 October 2008 the bridge was referred to as the upper Forth crossing while the name was chosen.[1]

Clackmannanshire Bridge
Upper Forth Crossing.jpg
Clackmannanshire Bridge
Coordinates56°04′22″N 3°44′12″W / 56.07285°N 3.736725°W / 56.07285; -3.736725Coordinates: 56°04′22″N 3°44′12″W / 56.07285°N 3.736725°W / 56.07285; -3.736725
CarriesMotor vehicles
(A876 road)
Cyclists
Pedestrians
CrossesFirth of Forth
LocaleFife (North bank), Falkirk (South bank)
Official nameClackmannanshire Bridge
Maintained byAmey plc
Preceded byA91 road
Followed byKincardine Bridge
Characteristics
DesignConcrete piers and post-tension box beam
Total length1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi)
WidthThree lanes of traffic
No. of lanes3 (1 northbound, 2 southbound)
History
DesignerBenaim & WA Fairhurst
Constructed byMorgan Vinci
Opened19 November 2008
Statistics
Daily traffic20,000 vehicles per day
Clackmannanshire Bridge is located in Scotland
Clackmannanshire Bridge
Location in Scotland

Contents

BackgroundEdit

 
Clackmannanshire Bridge (left) over the River Forth

The increasing levels of traffic using the existing Kincardine Bridge led to a public inquiry being held into options to ease traffic flow over the Forth and around the small town of Kincardine. The Kincardine Bridge was the main access across the river for heavy goods vehicles during stormy weather when the Forth Road Bridge would not allow high sided vehicles to cross during strong winds. In 2000 proposals were put forward for a number of alternatives, one of which was a new crossing running north-northwest of the existing bridge, bypassing the town of Kincardine altogether.[citation needed]

In 2005 the new crossing was given the go-ahead, and construction began in June 2006, with the sod-cutting ceremony performed by the Scottish Transport Minister, Tavish Scott, accompanied by the Earl of Elgin who as a boy had performed the ceremony for the Kincardine Bridge.[citation needed]

The bridge was officially opened by Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond on 28 November 2008. At the ceremony, Salmond said: "This is a world-class infrastructure project which will cut journey times, improve central Scotland connections, and provide a unique gateway to Clackmannanshire, Fife and Falkirk".[2]

DescriptionEdit

The final cost of the project was £120 million and it was designed to accommodate about 20,000 vehicle movements per day.[2] The bridge deck is 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) long, weighs 35,000 tonnes and sits on 25 piers which are each filled with 840 tonnes of concrete.[3]

NamingEdit

The bridge is positioned in an area where three council area boundaries converge. The north approach road to the bridge leaves from Clackmannanshire, the bridge itself standing in Fife, and the south approach to the bridge is within Falkirk. This means that the span of the bridge is within Fife; however, it can only be accessed by travelling through either Clackmannanshire or Falkirk council areas. Due to this unique situation a minor row over naming broke out between those local authorities with a vested interest.[4] Clackmannanshire Council voted to suggest "Clackmannanshire Bridge" - even though two other councils, Fife and Falkirk, are involved and no part of the bridge would be inside the Clackmannanshire area. Fife Council responded with "Kingdom Bridge" (referring to the historic kingdom of Fife). Other suggestions included "Wallace Bridge" after Sir William Wallace.[5] Following a public consultation, the Scottish Government announced on 1 October 2008 that the name Clackmannanshire Bridge was to be adopted.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BBC news report, 1 October 2008
  2. ^ a b News | Herald Scotland
  3. ^ "10 years of the Clackmannanshire Bridge". Transport Scotland. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Troubled waters for bridge naming". BBC News. 15 December 2006. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
  5. ^ "Council solution over bridge name". BBC News. 14 March 2007. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  6. ^ "Name chosen for new Forth bridge". BBC News. 1 October 2008.

External linksEdit