Civil–military administrations (Ukraine)
Civil–military administrations (Ukrainian: Військово-цивільні адміністрації, Viis’kovo-tsyvil’ni administratsii) are a number of temporary local government units that are concentrated on the territories of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of eastern Ukraine, due to the ongoing War in Donbass. They are created under the guise of the Anti-Terrorist Center of the Security Service of Ukraine.
Logo of the Anti-Terrorist Center of the Security Service of Ukraine.
These administrations are concentrated in territories of the ATO, shaded in pink and yellow.
|Found in||Donetsk, Luhansk oblasts|
|Created by||Verkhovna Rada law No.141-VIII|
Adopted on 26 February 2015
|Number||14 (as of 3 March 2015)|
|Additional status||Local government unit|
Judicially, the status of civil–military administrations was created by the Verkhovna Rada law "On the civil-military administrations" dated 3 February 2015, and signed into law by President Petro Poroshenko on 26 February 2015.
The law outlines their organization, jurisdiction, and order of activities for providing civil security, creating conditions for the normalization of life, enforcement of the rule of law, participation in combating sabotage manifestations and acts of terrorism, and the prevention a humanitarian disaster in territories where an anti-terrorist operation is being conducted.
The law stipulates that it will expire a year from the date of its publication, although its authority can be prolonged by the parliament based on a proposal of the President of Ukraine. In addition, the law will automatically expire in the case that martial law is introduced in the country or in specific territories, or if a state of war is declared.
Civil–military administrations are created by the president in territories where a locally elected government (such as that of a municipality, council, or rural council) cannot exercise, or withdrew from the implementation of their constitutionally guaranteed powers.
These administrations will continue to exercise their authority until the day that the newly elected respective local government units are inaugurated into office. In the case that a civil–military administration is formed on the basis of that of an oblast or raion state administration, the administrations will continue to exercise their authority as long as the anti-terrorist operation is being conducted.
On 3 March 2015, the Governor of Donetsk Oblast Oleksandr Kikhtenko announced the creation of three civil–military administrations on the territory of Donetsk Oblast. A further three civil–military administrations were also proposed by the governor: On 3 March 2015, President Poroshenko announced the creation of the following civil–military administrations:
|1st-level administrative divisions||2nd-level administrative divisions||Other populated settlements|
|Donetsk Oblast||Volnovakha Raion|
|Marinka Raion||Krasnohorivka, city of district significance|
|Avdiivka, city of regional significance|
|Vuhledar, city of regional significance|
|Luhansk Oblast||Novoaidar Raion||Krymske village|
|Trokhizbenka, Kriakivka, Lobacheve, Lopaskyne, Orikhove-Donetske villages|
|Popasna Raion||Novotoshkivske urban-type settlement and Zholobok village|
|Novozvanivka and Troitske villages|
- Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada decree No. 141-VIII: Про військово-цивільні адміністрації (On the civil-military administrations). Adopted on 3 February 2015. (Ukrainian)
- "Poroshenko created civil-military administrations in two oblasts". Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 5 March 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- "Poroshenko gave the green light to create civil-military administrations". Ukrayinska Pravda. Ukrainian. 26 February 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Poroshenko signed the law on civil-military administrations in the Donbass". Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 26 February 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
- "Kikhtenko named the cities, where civil-military administrations will be created". Ukrayinska Pravda. Ukrainian. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Anti-Terrorist Center at the Security Service of Ukraine". Official web-site. Security Service of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015.