The Cité de la Musique ("City of Music"), also known as Philharmonie 2, is a group of institutions dedicated to music and situated in the Parc de la Villette, 19th arrondissement of Paris, France. It was designed with the nearby Conservatoire de Paris (CNSMDP) by the architect Christian de Portzamparc and opened in 1995. Part of François Mitterrand's Grands Projets, the Cité de la Musique reinvented La Villette – the former slaughterhouse district.
It consists of an amphitheater, a concert hall that can accommodate an audience of 800–1,000, a music museum containing an important collection of music instruments from different cultural traditions, dating mainly from the fifteenth- to twentieth-century, a music library, exhibition halls and workshops. The Cité de la Musique, as an EPIC, was also entrusted by the State with the management of the Salle Pleyel, which reopened on September 13, 2006, after major renovations. In 2015, it was renamed Philharmonie 2 as part of the Philharmonie de Paris when a larger symphony hall was built by Jean Nouvel and named Philharmonie 1. Its official address is 221, Avenue Jean Jaurès, 75019 Paris.
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Musée de la MusiqueEdit
The Musée de la Musique features a collection of about 8,390 items, comprising around 4,442 musical instruments, 1,097 instrument elements or 939 pieces of art (paintings, sculptures, etc.) collected by the Conservatoire de Paris since 1793 as well as some archives and a library of 110,000 written and audiovisual documents. The museum's collection, which opened to the public in 1864, and was relocated at the Cité de la musique in 1997, contains instruments used in Western classical, modern and non-European music from the sixteenth century to the present time. It includes lutes, archlutes, almost 200 classical guitars, violins by Italian luthiers Antonio Stradivari, the Guarneri family, Nicolò Amati; French and Flemish harpsichords; pianos by French piano-makers Sébastien Érard and Ignaz Pleyel; saxophones by Adolphe Sax, etc. and many are also presented online.
The instruments are exhibited in five departments by period and by type. Personal audio devices are provided to visitors at the entrance, allowing them to listen to commentary and musical excerpts played on the instruments, complemented by video screens and scale models along the way.
Gabriel Fauré by John Singer Sargent, c. 1889
Virginal by Hans Ruckers, 1583, Antwerp.
19th and 20th century guitars and by Antonio de Torres
Octobasse by Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume, 19th century
- List of music museums
- Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie, in Parc de la Villette
- La Géode, an IMAX domed theatre in Parc de la Villette
- Le Zénith, a concert arena in Parc de la Villette
- ^ Fierro, Annette; p. 17 (2003). The Glass State: The Technology of the Spectacle, 1981–1998. MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-06233-X.
- ^ "Plan and location of all the elements at the official website". Cité de la Musique. Retrieved 6 September 2007.
- ^ Les guitares classiques du Musée de la musique (almost 200 classical guitars) Archived 13 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine; Instruments et oeuvres d'art Archived 25 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine – use search-phrase: Mot-clé(s) : guitare
- ^ Instruments by Antonio Stradivarius at the Musée de la Musique, website of Philharmonie de Paris.
- ^ "Les incontournables du Musée de la musique". collectionsdumusee.philharmoniedeparis.fr (in French). Archived from the original on 5 October 2021. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
- Kim Eling, The Politics of Cultural Policy in France, Chapter 3: "La Cité de la Musique", Macmillan, 1999, pages 38–61. ISBN 0-312-21974-1.
- Cité de la Musique official website
- Médiathèque de la Cité de la musique (in French) – Listen to excerpts of concerts
- Online archive of musical instruments in the Musée de la Musique (in French)