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Cirilo Marmolejo (1890, Teocaltiche, México - 1960, México) was a folk musician of guitarrón and vihuela, and pioneer in the development of the mariachi band. By the year 1918, he was invited to play at Guadalajara city, and then at Mexico city. From that time, the popularization of this type of band spread in the country. The Mariachi Coculense of Marmolejo was the first mariachi to tour and record in the United States, and to add a trumpet to the ensemble.