In knot theory, the cinquefoil knot, also known as Solomon's seal knot or the pentafoil knot, is one of two knots with crossing number five, the other being the three-twist knot. It is listed as the 51 knot in the Alexander-Briggs notation, and can also be described as the (5,2)-torus knot. The cinquefoil is the closed version of the double overhand knot.
|Common name||Double overhand knot|
|Dowker notation||6, 8, 10, 2, 4|
|Last /Next||41 / 52|
|alternating, torus, fibered, prime, reversible|
its Conway polynomial is
and its Jones polynomial is
These are the same as the Alexander, Conway, and Jones polynomials of the knot 10132. However, the Kauffman polynomial can be used to distinguish between these two knots.
The name “cinquefoil” comes from the five-petaled flowers of plants in the genus Potentilla.