Empire of Kitara

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The Empire of Kitara or Chwezi Empire (Empire of the Sun, Empire of the Moon, Empire of the Light), refers to the Kingdom of the Banyakitara. At the time of its greatest expansion, it ruled much of the Nile valley and beyond. When the Kingdom of Aksum disintegrated around 940 AD into kingdom of Makuria, the Zagwe kingdom, the Damot kingdom and the Shewa kingdom, another kingdom broke away in the south to form the Empire of Kitara.[citation needed]


According to oral tradition, the Empire was founded by a man called Kintu. Kintu is believed to have come with a White Cow; in Bunyoro-Kitara, a White Cow is Called Kitara, and is a Symbol of Kingship.[citation needed]

Kintu and his wife kati had three sons but it was very confusing for them not to have names. They all shared the name "Kana" (meaning little child). Whenever the father called one, they could all come and whenever he gave one child a present, they all quarreled declaring it was intended for them. He then asked Ruhanga if they could be given names. Ruhanga agreed, but he proposed two tests to help him select the boys names.[citation needed]

In the first test, the boys had to select some items that were placed along a path.

In the second test, the boys had to keep bowls of milk on their lap during a night until morning.

For the first test, Potatoes, millet, leather thong/strap and a ox’s head were placed along the path, As the children walked, they found the things in the path, the eldest son picked up the potatoes and millet, the second pick up the leather thong and the youngest, picked the ox’s head.

For the second test, they sat down on the ground, with their legs stretched out, each holding on his lap a full wooden milk pot. At midnight, the youngest boy started to dose and spilled half of his milk: He greatly feared and turned to his brothers and begged them to fill up his milk pot, so the two brothers filled up their young brother milk pot. But at cock crow the eldest spilled all his milk, and when he asked his brothers to pour from their pots into his, they refused, saying that he would need so much to fill up the empty pot.

At dawn Ruhanga came and told each to uncover his milk pot. With the eldest, he found it empty; with the second, half full; while the youngest had his full.

So Ruhanga called Kintu that he had found the names for his three children.

The oldest son was named Kairu, which means “little peasant” for he had shown that he knew nothing about the value of cattle or milk. He had spilled all his milk, and he had chosen potatoes and millet from the items along the path. He and all his descendants forever would be farmers and servants.

The second he named Kahuma which means (little herdsman); this is because he had chosen the leather thong/stap, used for tying up cattle, and only half of his milk was missing

The youngest son had all his milk. And he had chosen the head of an ox in the first test. Ruhanga named him Kakama, which means “little mukama.” A mukama (Omukama) is a ruler. hence Kakama went on to become the second ruler of the Empire of Kitara.

The Kitara Empire included what corresponds to modern Uganda, northern Tanzania, eastern Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia and Malawi.

According to oral tradition in the area of the Great Lakes of Africa (also known as Bachwezi, Bacwezi, or Chwezi empire, Empire of the moon) was ruled by a dynasty known as the Bachwezi (Chwezi), successors of the Batembuzi Dynasty.[1]


Kitara historical-sites


The collapse of the Kitara empire came along a prophesy that said when the sacred cow (Bihogo) Died, it would mark the end of this empire. Many believed in this prophecy and so in the 1300 there was an invasion from the North and the descendants of those who ruled this empire moved south to the present Rwanda, Burundi, Ankole and Eastern Congo. Small chiefdoms arose from this in the region.

Abakama (Kings)Edit

Abakama (Kings) of Bunyoro-Kitara
Dynasty King/Omukama Clan Father Mother Mother's Clan Reign Burial Place
1 Batembuzi (Reign of the gods) Kintu Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown late 900 Unknown
2 Kakama Bagabu Kintu Kati Unknown early 1000 Unknown
3 Itwale Bagabu Kakama Unknown Unknown early 1000 Unknown
4 Hangi Bagabu Itwale Unknown Unknown mid 1000 Unknown
5 Ira lya Hangi Bagabu Hangi Unknown Unknown mid 1000 Unknown
6 Kabengera Kazooba ka Hangi Bagabu Hangi Unknown Unknown late 1000 Unknown
7 Nyamuhanga Bagabu Kazooba Unknown Unknown early 1100 Unknown
8 Nkya I Bagabu Nyamuhanga Nyabagabe Unknown early 1100 Unknown
9 Nkya II Bagabu Nyaka I Unknown Unknown mid 1100 Unknown
10 Baba Bagabu Nyka II Unknown Unknown mid 1100 Unknown
11 Kamuli Bagabu Baba Unknown Unknown late 1100 Unknown
12 Nseka Bagabu Kamuli Unknown Unknown late 1100 Unknown
13 Kudidi Bagabu Nseka Unknown Unknown early 1200 Unknown
14 Ntozi Bagabu Kudidi Unknown Unknown early 1200 Unknown
15 Nyakahongerwa Bagabu Ntozi Unknown Unknown mid 1200 Unknown
16 Mukonko Bagabu Nyakahongerwa Unknown Unknown mid 1200 Unknown
17 Ngozaki Rutahinduka Bagabu Mukonko Unknown Unknown late 1200 Unknown
18 Isaza Waraga Rugambanabato Bagabu Ngozaki Rutahinduka Unknown Unknown late 1200/early 1300 Unknown
19 Bukuku Omuranzi Baranzi Unknown Unknown Unknown early 1300 Kisegwe kya Nyinamwiru, Birembo Sub County, Bugangaizi
20 Bachwezi (Reign of the demi-gods) Ndahura Kyarubumbi Bachwezi Isimbwa Nyinamwiru Unknown 1320 - 1350 Unknown
21 Mulindwa Nyabweliza Ngango Bachwezi Isimbwa Nyakwahya Basaigi 1350 - 1360 Unknown
22 Wamara Bwigunda Bachwezi Ndahura Nyante Unknown 1360 - 1400 Unknown
23 Babiito (Reign of the Kings) Isingoma Rukidi I Mpuuga Kyeramaino Babiito Kyomya Nywatoro Bakwonga early 1400 Dyangi(Bukidi/gulu), garments (masaijagaka-Chope)
24 Ocaki I Rwangirra Babiito Rukidi I Iremera Balisa early 1400, 9 years Irangara, garments(Karara) Bugangaizi)
25 Oyo I Nyimba Kabamba Iguru Babiito Rukidi I Iremera Balisa mid 1400 Kinogozi-Buruli, garments(Kigaju-Kuhukya)
26 Winyi I Rubembeka Ntara Babiito Oyo I Nyaraki Bakwonga late 1400 Kiburara, Isingo/Rugonjo/Ssingo
27 Olimi I Rwitamahanga Babiito Winyi I Nyagiro Banywagi early 1500 Kalimbi-Mutuba II, Isingo/Rugonjo/Ssingo
28 Nyabongo I chwa Relemu Babiito Olimi I Unknown Muchwa mid 1500 Muyenje, garments(Busesa in Buyaga)
29 Winyi II Rubagiramasega Babiito Nyabongo I Unknown Balisa mid 1500 Lapenje, Isingo/Rugonjo/Ssingo
30 Olimi II Ruhundwangeye Babiito Winyi II Unknown Bakwonga late 1500 Burongo, Isingo/Rugonjo/Ssingo
31 Nyarwa I Omuzarra Kyaro Babiito Olimi II Runengo Bagweri late 1500/early 1600 Kyaka - Toro
32 Chwa I Ente Nkole Rumoma Mahanga Babiito Nyarwa I Runengo Bagweri early 1600 Rwanda
33 Omujwera(Princess) Masamba Ga Winyi Babiito Winyi II Unknown Bakwonga early 1600, 5 years Rwembuba, Bugangaizi
34 Kyebambe I Omuziikya Babiito Chwa I Ihembe Babiito early 1600 Kijaguzo, Nyakabimba-Toro
35 Winyi III Ruguruka Macolya Babiito Kyembabe I Gawa Bakwonga mid 1600 Miduma, Buruli- Masindi
36 Nyaika I Omuragwa Macolya Babiito Winyi III Unknown Unknown late 1600 Kihwera, Bujenje
37 Kyebambe II Bikaju Babiito Winyi III Kacubya Unknown late 1600/early 1700 Nyamiryango, kihukya Saza
38 Olimi III Isansa Babiito Kyembabe II Mpanga Omwangamwoyo Babiito 1710-1731, 21 years Kiguhyo-Buyaga, garments in Buhonda Bugangaizi
39 Duhaga I Mujwiga Babiito Olimi III Kindiki Basaigi 1731-1782, 51 years Irangarra Muytba III, Bugangaizi
40 Olimi IV Kasoma Babiito Duhaga I Unknown Muchwa 1782-1786, 4 years Ruhunga - Mumyoka, Buhaguzi
41 Kyebambe III Nyamutukura Babiito Olimi IV Kafunda Bachwa 1786 - 1835, 49 years Kibedi-Nyamanunda, Buyaga
42 Nyabongo II Mugenyi Biranga Babiito Kyebamabe III Kajaja Bafunjo 1835 - 1848, 13 years Bukonda Sabagabo - Buyaga, garments in Kitonzei, Mutuba I
43 Olimi IV Rwakabale Babiito Nyabongo II Unknown Bazira 1848 - 1852, 4 years Kitonya, Mutuba III, Buyaga
44 Kyabambe IV Kamurasi Babiito Nyabongo II Unknown Unknown 1852 - 1869, 17 years Busibika Ngangi, Buyanja
45 Chwa II Kabaleega Yokana Babiito Kamurasi Kenyange Nyamutahingurwa Abayonza 1870 - 1899, 29 years Mparo, Hoima
46 Kitahimbwa I Karukara Yosia Babiito Chwa II Kabaleega Maliza Mukakyabara Bagaaya Akiiki Babiito 1898-1902, 4 years Nyareweyo, Bugagaizi
47 Duhaga II Bisereko Andereya Babiito Chwa II Kabaleega Maliza Mukakyabara Bagaaya Akiiki Babiito 1902-1924, 22 years Kinogozi, Buhimba-Hoima
48 Winyi IV, Tito Gafabusa Babiito Chwa II Kabaleega Maliza Mukakyabara Bagaaya Akiiki Babiito 1925-1967, 42 years Mparo, Hoima
49 Iguru I, Solomon Gafabusa Babiito Winyi IV Getrude Gafabusa Komweru Ateenyi Babiito 1994 - Present N/A
50 Chwezi Empire Emperor Khalai ( 1. Astronautic Astronautical : خلائی Khalai : (adjective) of or belonging to astronauts or the science of astronautics.) Bachwezi Unknown Unknown Unknown Present Unknown
  • The earlier dates as estimated using

Batembuzi. the disintegration of Aksum Kingdom in 940 AD Bachwezi. Historical accounts Babiito. Biharwe full moon eclipse that happened in 1520 AD when Omukama Olimi I Rwitamahanga was on expedition from Rwanda and Ankole


  1. ^ Doyle, Shane (2006). Crisis & Decline in Bunyoro: Population & Environment in Western Uganda 1860-1955. James Currey Publishers. pp. 11–13. Retrieved 22 October 2015.

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