Churu district is a district of the Indian state of Rajasthan in northern India.It was founded in 1620 AD by the Nirban clan of Rajputs..The town of Churu is the administrative headquarters of the district.
Blackbucks at Tal Chhapar sanctuary
Location of Churu district in Rajasthan
|Tehsils||Churu, Sidhmukh, Ratangarh, Taranagar, Rajgarh, Sardarshahar, Sujangarh, Bidasar|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Churu|
|• Total||13,858 km2 (5,351 sq mi)|
|• Total|| 2,039,547 (2,011) |
|• Sex ratio||940|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Average annual precipitation||43cm mm|
Churu lies in the Bikaner region of northern Rajasthan and shares boundaries with the Hanumangarh District to the north, the Haryana state to the east, the Jhunjhunun and Sikar districts to the southeast, the Nagaur District to the south, and the Bikaner District to the west.
The district has an area of approximately 16,830 km2, with a road length of 1901 km. The 2011 population was approximately 2,039,547. The gender ratio is 938 females per 1,000 males; literacy among residents is 67.46%. There are 8 tehsils in the district: Churu, Sidhmukh, Ratangarh, Taranagar, Rajgarh, Sardarshahar, Sujangarh, and Bidasar. Sardarshahar is the biggest Tehsil and Sidhmukh is the newest Tehsil Headquarter in Churu District . The major crops include bajra and guar.
Sujangarh On South Side, Ratangarh On Southwest Side, Sardarshahar On North Side, Tarangar On Northeast Side, Rajgarh On East Side , Ratannagar, Chapper, Bidasar and Rajaldesar are the other major towns in the district. The Tal Chhapar Sanctuary, a blackbuck sanctuary, has more than 1,680 black bucks and migratory birds. It is a major attraction for wildlife enthusiasts. Other attractions include the grand palatial Havelies in the towns of Ratannagar, Ratangarh and Sardarshahar, the Hanuman temple at Salasar and the Venkateshwar temple at Sujangarh, the birthplace of local deity, Goga Pir, in Dadrewa. The Bhadrakali Temple at Rajaldesar is popular among Shakta Tantra followers from all over India, which was established by Anant Shri Vibhushit Dandi Swami Jogendrashram ji Maharaj. Baba Phool Nath Temple at Nawa, Rajgarh is popular and related to the Nath community.
According to the 2011 census, Churu district has a population of approximately 2,039,547, roughly equal to the nation of Botswana or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 224th in India (out of a total of 640 districts). The district has a population density of 148 inhabitants per square kilometre (380/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-11 was approximately 6.1%. Churu has a sex ratio of 938 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of about 67.46%.
Percentage distribution of local work forceEdit
- Cultivators: 73.17%
- Agricultural laborers: 3.16%
- Processing, servicing, and repairs: 2.26%
- Other workers: 21.41%
Major crop productionEdit
- Wheat: 60,654 tonnes
- Rapeseed and Mustard: 24,705 tonnes
- Pulses: 9,594 tonnes
- Gram: 316 tonnes
- Bajra: 2545467 tonnes
- Public call offices: 682
- Post offices: 392
- Telegraph offices: 89
- Telephone exchanges: 83
Educational facilities and institutionsEdit
- Primary and middle schools: 1,472
- Secondary and higher secondary schools: 207
- Private BED Colleges: 14
- Post graduate and under graduate: 11
- ITIs: 5
- Government BED Colleges: 1
- IASE Deemed University
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
- Large and Medium Scale Units: 10
- Small Scale Units: 3,963
- Industrial Areas: 7
Bagad language of Hindi having devanagari dialect is the official language and Hindi is additional official.Bagad language is used mainly in sardarshahar,Taranagar,Ratangarh & sadulpur. Rajsthani is major speaking Language in Churu,Sujangarh, Chapar, Bidasar.
A majority of the district's power supply is provided by the Bhakra Hydel Complex through 132 kV lines coming via Hissar in Haryana. 902 of the district's 926 villages have access to electricity. Water is available at the depth of 30 to 48 metres, with the exception of places such as Sujangarh and Taranagar Tehsils.
The district has good connections within and outside the state. Mega Highway (Bathinda-Ajmer) National Highway Nos. 11 (Agra-Bikaner), 65 (Ambala-Pali), and 709 Ext. (Rohtak-Rajgarh) pass through the district. The total length of roads in the district is 3,010 km and is 240 km from Delhi via Hisar and 210 km. via Behal. The Churu district is served by broad gauge lines of the Northern-Western Railway. The total length of rail line is 363 km. The broad gauge is operational in the district. The nearest airport is at Jaipur (approximately 245 km outside the district).
Churu was ranked as 423rd in a ranking of 423 districts for the National Urban Sanitation Policy in 2009-2010. In the absence of citizen awareness, it continues to hold that rank, making it officially India's dirtiest district.(Report)
- Aluminium utensils
- Blanket weaving
- Cement production
- Hand loomed cloth
- Iron and steel fabrication
- Oil production
- Salt production
- Sewing machine (DABLA)
- Khemchand Prakash- one of the best music composers of the 1940s.
- Nand Kishore Chaudhary - chairman and managing director of Jaipur Rugs and social entrepreneur
- Anand Nahar - Youngest SEBI Registered Research Analyst in India
- Lakshmi Mittal - the "Steel King", born at Sadulpur in Churu District.
- Bimal Jalan - former RBI governor
- Bharat Vyas - Writer of the prayer song, ‘Ae Malik Tere Bande Hum’ and 'Ye Kaun Chitrakar Hai'. He directed a Bollywood film Rangeela Rajasthani.
- Col. Thakur Kishan Singh Rathore - one of the first recipients of the Maha Vir Chakra (MVC) (second highest military decoration in India)
- Devendra Jhajharia - India's first Paralympic gold medalist.
- Kanhaiyalal Sethia- prominent Rajasthani writer.
- Rai Bahadur Bhagwandas Bagla- the first Marwari Shekhawati millionaire
- Krishna Poonia Olympian and MLA from Sadulpur
- Nahar Brothers - Founders of ZORKO SuperDrinks
- "Parliamentary Constituencies of Rajasthan" (PDF). 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- "Name Census 2011, Rajasthan data" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
- Churu-Rajasthan. "History". churu.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 20 June 2021.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
New Mexico - 2,059,179
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
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