Church Stoke

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Churchstoke or Church Stoke (Welsh: Yr Ystog) is a village, community and electoral ward in Montgomeryshire, Powys, Wales. It is overlooked by Todleth Hill, Roundton Hill and Corndon Hill. The rivers Caebitra and Camlad have their confluence just outside the village. The nearest town is Montgomery.

Churchstoke
St Nicholas Church, Churchstoke - geograph.org.uk - 539427.jpg
St Nicholas' church, Churchstoke
Churchstoke is located in Powys
Churchstoke
Churchstoke
Location within Powys
Population1,691 (2011)[1]
Principal area
Ceremonial county
  • Powys
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMontgomery
Postcode districtSY15
Dialling code01588
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Powys
52°32′24″N 3°04′37″W / 52.540°N 3.077°W / 52.540; -3.077Coordinates: 52°32′24″N 3°04′37″W / 52.540°N 3.077°W / 52.540; -3.077

The community of Churchstoke covers a wider area than the village, including the neighbouring village of Hyssington. Recently the detached part of the community around Weston Madoc was transferred to Montgomery's community.[2]

EtymologyEdit

The placename identifies it as a farm (or settlement) with a church; recorded as 'Cirestoc' in 1086 in the Domesday Book.

St. Nicholas ChurchEdit

The parish church today is largely the result of 19th-century rebuilding, but it retains its 13th-century tower with a later timber belfry. From the period prior to the 19th century, only a font, a stoup and a chest have survived up to three phases of restoration and reconstruction. The main body of the church with its large high pitched roof dates to the second half of the 19th century, although the sequence of construction is not completely clear.

The layout of the churchyard and its location immediately above the River Camlad suggests an early medieval origin. In 1881 the interior was laid out in its present form and the church was rededicated to St. Nicholas (having previously been dedicated to St. Mary).

The church has a 13th-century square tower at the western end, reduced in height in 1812 with a typical Montgomeryshire style timber-framed belfry and a pyramidal roof which was re-tiled with oak roof shingles in 2005. The tower was used as a place of refuge during 14th-century feuds and later in English Civil War battles. In 1646 the Parliamentarians attacked the Royalists who were planning to stay overnight at Churchstoke. The Royalists took refuge in the church and in the ensuing battle the Parliamentarians set fire to the church door forcing the Royalists to surrender.

The wooden belfry and the spire were added in 1815. The clock was installed in 1887. There is a suggestion that the tower was originally higher than it stands now.

In 1751 the south wall of the church was taken down and a new south aisle was constructed. In 1812 the old church was taken down and a new nave was built using stone from Churchstoke Hall and Churchstoke Quarries. It was roofed with slate from Corndon Hill and included a schoolroom and galleries. The present iron columns, made in Coalbrookdale presumably carried the galleries. The columns have octagonal stone bases and square decorative capitals; they now support the lowered roofline. In 1881 the schoolroom and galleries were removed along with the old box pews and the interior was laid out in its present form. The exterior buttresses were added together with the nave windows and the ground level lowered around the church. The north and south walls of the chancel were rebuilt, and a new south porch was added. The aisles are divided from the nave by arcades of six bays above which is a frieze of timber arcading.

The chancel is supposed to have been added in 1867 and is narrower than the nave. There are encaustic floor tiles throughout the chancel and sanctuary, and the tiled reredos has recently been uncovered. There is a piscina in the south wall of the chancel, and three 19th Century brasses. These were probably added in 1867. The south transept houses the organ and the north transept forms the choir vestry underneath which is the boiler house.

The church is situated in a raised sub-circular churchyard which has been extended in recent times. A few signs of musket shots from the skirmishes in the Civil War can still be seen, notably on the soffit of the upper storey round-headed window on the north wall of the tower. The graveyard extension to the west of the church was consecrated in 1868. The earliest gravestone recorded is a sandstone slab to Sarah (died 1749) and Hugh Pugh (died 1768). There is a sundial without gnomon on the south side of the church near the entrance porch. There are many fine mature trees in the graveyard, which are protected by law, as they are in the Conservation Area.

According to a local legend, the church in the nearby hamlet of Hyssington has a miniature bull buried beneath the church step. It is said that the bull terrorised the neighbourhood until it was exorcised by twelve priests.[3]

Although physically in Wales, the churches at Hyssington and Churchstoke are within the Church of England Diocese of Hereford.

Methodist churchEdit

 
Churchstoke Methodist Church

Churchstoke English Methodist church was built in 1879 and is of polychromatic brick with a slate roof. It is in the Gothic style, with a gable entry plan. The front the church has a plaque inscribed "Methodist Church erected 1879".[4]

TodayEdit

The village has many facilities including a large supermarket (Harry Tuffins), as well as a primary school, two public houses (The Horse and Jockey and The Court House Hotel), a Chinese takeaway and fresh locally made ice cream. A market is also held here on Sundays. The central area of Churchstoke is a conservation area.

According to the 2011 Census, Churchstoke is the community with the 2nd lowest proportion of Welsh speakers in Wales. Only 4.3% of people in the community claim to speak the language.[5]

According to details published by the Co-Operative Group on its bottles, Co-op Fairbourne Springs Water is bottled at source in Churchstoke.[citation needed]

GovernanceEdit

Churchstoke has a community council representing the community's interests, with nine councillors elected from Churchstoke and three from Hyssington.[6]

The Churchstoke electoral ward is represented by a county councillor on Powys County Council. Since 1995 the ward has elected an Independent councillor.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "community population 2011". Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  2. ^ Powys County Council Archived 2012-05-10 at the Wayback Machine Churchstoke boundary review
  3. ^ "BBC - Domesday Reloaded: The Roaring Bull of Bagbury". BBC. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  4. ^ "CHURCHSTOKE ENGLISH METHODIST CHURCH - Coflein". www.coflein.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Comisiynydd y Gymraeg - 2011 Census results by Community". www.comisiynyddygymraeg.cymru. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  6. ^ Churchstoke Community Council, Churchstoke Community. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Powys 1995-2012" (PDF). The Elections Centre. Retrieved 22 January 2018.

External linksEdit