Church of the Deposition of the Robe

The Church of the Deposition of the Robe (Russian: Церковь Ризоположения) is a church which stands on Cathedral Square in the Moscow Kremlin. It was begun in 1484 by masters from Pskov, most likely by the same group of architects who built the adjacent Cathedral of the Annunciation.[1] It serves as a part of Moscow Kremlin Museums.

Church of the Deposition of the Robe
Церковь Ризоположения
Церковь Ризоположения. (1).jpg
The Church of the Deposition
DenominationRussian Orthodox
DedicationDeposition of the Robe

The church was built on the site of a previous church, built by Jonah Metropolitan of Moscow in 1451.[2] The name of the church, variously translated as the Church of the Virgin's Robe,[3] The Church of Laying Our Lady’s Holy Robe, The Church of the Veil or simply Church of the Deposition, is said to refer to a festival dating from the 5th century AD, celebrating when the robe of the Virgin Mary was taken from Palestine to Constantinople, where it protected the city from being conquered.[4] For example, tradition says that during the Rus'-Byzantine War of 860 the patriarch placed the Virgin's Robe into the sea, causing a storm that destroyed the invading Rus' ships.[5]

A fresco showing Byzantine emperor Michael III and Patriarch Photios putting the veil of the Theotokos into the sea.

A four-level iconostasis, created by Nazary Istomin Savin in 1627, has been preserved in the church, and has frescoes painted by Ivan Borisov, Sidor Pospeev and Semyon Abramov in 1644. The church itself was built in the traditional Early Russian style, characterized by "a noticeable tendency towards more elevated proportions, the overall structure being extended by being placed on raised foundations, and the drum supporting the single dome also being raised."[1] As with the Cathedral of the Annunciation, the intricate interior detail and ornamentation were characteristic of the Russian architecture of this period.[1]

Originally, the church served as the private chapel of the Patriarch of Moscow, but during the mid-17th century it was taken over by the Russian royal family.[6] The church was badly damaged in a fire in 1737 (the same fire that cracked the Tsar Bell).

Today, the church also houses a display of wood sculpture from the 14th to 19th century.


  1. ^ a b c Shvidkovsky, Dmitry. Russian Architecture and the West, Yale University Press, 2007. ISBN 0-300-10912-1
  2. ^ "Discovering the Kremlin Archived 2008-05-01 at the Wayback Machine", Retrieved on April 28, 2008.
  3. ^ "About The Church of the Deposition of the Robe".
  4. ^ "Cathedrals of the Moscow Kremlin Archived 2008-06-11 at the Wayback Machine", Voice of Russia, May 15, 2007. Retrieved on April 28, 2008.
  5. ^ Turnbull, Stephen. The Walls of Constantinople, AD 324–1453 Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Osprey Publishing, p.48–49. ISBN 1-84176-759-X
  6. ^ Carlisle, Olga. "In the heart of Moscow", The New York Times, October 22, 1989. Retrieved on April 28, 2008.

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Coordinates: 55°45′2″N 37°36′59″E / 55.75056°N 37.61639°E / 55.75056; 37.61639