St John's, Edinburgh

The Church of St John the Evangelist is a Scottish Episcopal church in the centre of Edinburgh, Scotland. It is sited at the west end of Princes Street at its junction with Lothian Road, and is protected as a category A listed building.[1]

St John's Church
The Parish Church of Saint John the Evangelist
St Johns Princes Street Edinburgh.JPG
LocationEdinburgh
CountryScotland
DenominationScottish Episcopal Church
WebsiteWebsite of the church
History
StatusActive
DedicationJohn the Evangelist
Dedicated19 March 1818
Architecture
Functional statusParish church
Architect(s)William Burn
Architectural typeNeo-gothic
Groundbreaking1816
Administration
DioceseEdinburgh
Clergy
Bishop(s)John Armes
RectorMarkus Dünzkofer

BackgroundEdit

The church was dedicated as St John's Chapel on Maundy Thursday 1818 with construction having begun in 1816. It was designed by the architect William Burn[2] the previous year, at the age of only 25.

 
1889 view looking east along Princes Street, with the church to the right in front of St Cuthbert's Church and Edinburgh Castle

The congregation had begun in 1792 when Daniel Sandford came to Edinburgh to minister on Church of England lines. In 1797 the Qualified congregation moved to Charlotte Chapel which was re-built on larger lines in 1811. They sold shares to fund a new church, the banker Sir William Forbes being the main figure, and Charlotte Chapel was then sold to the Baptists.

Edward Bannerman Ramsay joined St John's as curate in 1827. He succeeded Bishop Sandford as minister in 1830, and stayed until his own death in 1872, having been Dean from 1846.

The sanctuary and chancel were built in 1879–82 by Peddie & Kinnear (John Dick Peddie and Charles Kinnear). The vestry and Hall were added in 1915–16 by John More Dick Peddie and Forbes Smith.

The war memorial was added in 1919 to a design by Sir Robert Lorimer. Lorimer also designed and oversaw the addition of faux-vaults when Lothian Road was widened in 1926.[3]

St John's holds daily services and is unique in that it is the last remaining Episcopal church in Scotland to hold the weekly service of Matins.[citation needed]

DescriptionEdit

 
Interior, St John's Church
 
The supporting arch to the west tower
 
The lower terraces of the graveyard
 
The 2018 extension to St John's

The plaster ceiling vault is derived from that found in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey.

Stained glass is largely by Ballantine, but the east window is by William Raphael Eginton.[4]

The morning chapel was furnished by Walker Todd in 1935.

An extension was added to the south-east corner in 2018.

List of rectorsEdit

MemorialsEdit

GraveyardEdit

Edinburgh City Centre Churches TogetherEdit

St John's is one of three churches which form Together, an ecumenical grouping in the New Town of Edinburgh. The others are St Andrew's & St George's West and St Cuthbert's.[7]

Just FestivalEdit

The church is also home to the Just Festival (formerly known as the Festival of Spirituality and Peace), which takes place each August alongside the Edinburgh Festival Fringe.

TabotEdit

An Ethiopian tabot, a replica of Moses' Tablets of Law, was discovered in storage at St John's Church, and was returned in February 2002 to Addis Ababa.[8][9]

Same-sex marriageEdit

in 2017, the Scottish Episcopal Church changed its marriage canon to allow for clergy with the consent of their congregations to opt into the Scottish same-sex marriage legislation. The first marriage of a couple of the same gender inside an Anglican church in the British Isles was solemnised at St John's in September that year with the rector presiding.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Lothian Road, St John's Church (Episcopal)... (Category A Listed Building) (LB27401)". Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  2. ^ Memorials of the church of St. John the evangelist, Princes street, Edinburgh. George Frederick Terry. 1918.
  3. ^ Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Robert Lorimer.
  4. ^ Buildings of Scotland: Edinburgh, by Gifford McWilliam and Walker.
  5. ^ "The Scots Who Fought With Custer". Scotland Correspondent. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  6. ^ GariochGraver (20 May 2015). "Jane Moir Skene". Findagrave. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  7. ^ Together Trust Archived 22 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Ethiopian joy as church returns Ark of Covenant; Handover may" by Jenifer Johnston, The Sunday Herald, January 27, 2002 (hosted by Find Articles).
  9. ^ "Ethiopia: Returning a Tabot" by Odhiambo Okite, Christianity Today, 22 April 2002.
  10. ^ "First same-sex Anglican church wedding takes place in Edinburgh", BBC, 29 September 2017.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 55°57′00″N 3°12′22″W / 55.9500°N 3.2061°W / 55.9500; -3.2061