Church of Saint Menas (Cairo)

The Coptic Orthodox Church of Saint Menas (Egyptian Arabic: كنيسة مارمينا kenīset Mar-Mīna) is a Coptic Orthodox church near Coptic Cairo and is one of the oldest Coptic churches in Egypt, dating back to the sixth century.[citation needed]

Monastery of Saint Menas
Church of Saint Menas (Cairo) is located in Egypt
Church of Saint Menas (Cairo)
Location within Egypt
Monastery information
Other namesDeir Mar Mina
EstablishedSixth century
Dedicated toSaint Menas
DioceseCoptic Orthodox Diocese of Old Cairo, Manial and Fum Al-Khalig[1]
Site
LocationFum al-Khalig, Cairo
Country Egypt
Coordinates30°00′23″N 31°13′54″E / 30.00639°N 31.23167°E / 30.00639; 31.23167Coordinates: 30°00′23″N 31°13′54″E / 30.00639°N 31.23167°E / 30.00639; 31.23167
Public accessYes
Christ and Saint Menas, 6th-century Coptic icon, Louvre

Geographic significanceEdit

St. Mena's church is on the north end of Coptic Cairo, located in a region known as Fum al-Khalig (fomm el-ḵalīg), north of the Roman aqueduct and the famed Babylon Fortress, at a Christian cemetery in the north end of Old Cairo.

Fum al Khalig is technically north of Old Cairo, however, it is still under the Coptic Orthodox Diocese of Old Cairo, Manial and Fum Al-Khalig.[1]

Fum al Khalig is also known as Al-Hamra (el-ḥamra; literally: "the red one" in Egyptian Arabic). The Coptic Orthodox Diocese encompasses El-Hamra as well as Coptic Cairo. St. Menas Church is still very near to the ancient Churches of Old Cairo, and is likely the first Coptic Orthodox Church in Cairo aside from several Churches that were all in the Old Cairo area at the time. Not only is it evidence of the past existence of Coptic Orthodox Christianity in Cairo outside of the Old City (being close to the northern tip of the district), but it is also one of few surviving pieces and large remnants of Coptic architecture that remains to this day.

HistoryEdit

St. Mena's Church is, along with the UNESCO World Heritage site of Abu Mena, one of the best recognized architectural elements that are named after St. Mena. Having been established in the 6th century, it is also one of the oldest churches in Egypt. In the eighth century, it is said that the church of Sain was destroyed during the reign of caliph Hisham Ibn Abdel Malik Ibn Marwan, and rebuilt soon afterwards.

In 1164 AD, the Church was renovated again. Pillars were constructed for the purpose of replacing the marble columns. These same masonry pillars, which still exist in the present, separate the nave from the aisles with six on each side.[2]

ModernityEdit

Today, only sections of the central sanctuary and the outer wall remain from the 8th century building. The church is divided into many sanctuaries, nave and aisles. Tourists can see depiction of the Holy Coptic Bible from the walls of the church. The current building measures about 20.5 by 15 meters and stands 13.5 meters high.

St. Mena's relics were formerly kept in this church, however, most of these relics were transferred to the famous Monastery of St. Mina in Mariut (near Alexandria) in 1962. The only remaining ones are kept in the narthex of the church. On the southern sanctuary, there is shrine that contains a number of beautiful icons embroidered in the Coptic style.[3]

Terrorist incidentEdit

On 29 December 2017, the church was attacked by Islamist militants.[4] Police noticed two men behaving suspiciously, who fired on the police when challenged.[4] Three police officers, one of the attackers and seven other people died.[4] The dead attacker was found to have been wearing an explosive belt. The other attacker was subsequently arrested.[4] About an hour later, a nearby Coptic-owned shop was also attacked, with another two deaths.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Weekly Al-Ahram. "Squabbles in Old Cairo" Archived 2008-09-15 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 21 August 2008.
  2. ^ Maps of the World: Egypt's Attractions. The Church of St. Menas. Accessed 21 August 2008.
  3. ^ Dunn, Jimmy. The Church of Saint Menas in Old Cairo and the Annexed Churches of Saint Bahnam and Saint George. Tour Egypt. Accessed 21 August 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Twelve die in attacks on Cairo Christians". BBC News. 29 December 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.

External linksEdit