Chungjeong of Goryeo

Chungjeong of Goryeo (9 January 1338 – 23 March 1352, r. 1348–1351), born Wang Jeo (왕저, 王㫝), was the 30th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea and was enthroned by imperial edict at the age of 12. He was sometimes known by his Mongolian name, Chosgen Dorji,[2] which was rendered in hanja as Misagamtaaji (미사감타아지, 迷思監朶兒只).

Chungjeong of Goryeo
高麗 忠定
고려 충정
Wang Jeo (왕저)
Internal Prince Gyeongchang
(경창부원군, 慶昌府院君)
King of Goryeo
Reign1349–1351
Coronation1349
PredecessorChungmok of Goryeo
SuccessorGongmin of Goryeo
Prince Shen(Sim) of Yang
Reign1348–1351
Coronation1348
PredecessorWang Heun
SuccessorWang Toghtuabukha
BornWang Jeo
(1338-01-09)January 9, 1338
DiedMarch 23, 1352 (1352-03-24) (aged 14)
Burial
Chongneung Tomb
IssueWang Je[1]
Posthumous name
King Chungjeong the Great
충정대왕
(忠定大王)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherChunghye of Goryeo
MotherRoyal Consort Hui
ReligionBuddhism
Chungjeong of Goryeo
Hangul
충정왕
Hanja
忠定王
Revised RomanizationChungjeong wang
McCune–ReischauerCh'ungjeong wang
Birth name
Hangul
왕저
Hanja
王㫝
Revised RomanizationWang Jeo
McCune–ReischauerWang Chŏ

BiographyEdit

During King Chungjeong's brief reign, the politics of the court were controlled by powerful relatives of the royal family, including his mother's relative Yun Si-u and the retainer Bae Jeon. In addition, the country endured heavy Wokou raids beginning in 1349.

King Chungjeong's uncle Wang Gi secured imperial favor and married a Yuan daughter, Princess Noguk. Shortly thereafter King Chungjeong was deposed, and Wang Gi ascended the throne as King Gongmin.

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wang Je didn't appear or recorded in both of Goryeosa or Goryeosa Jeolyo and just appear in the "Family Genealogy of the Wang clan of Gaeseong" (개성 왕씨 족보), so many debated about his existence. According to the family genealogy, Wang Je (왕제, 王濟) was King Chungjeong's illegitimate son who born in the early 1350 and a Buddhism. He was believed to be a Sijung (시중, 侍中) and his descendants were formed a civilian life, not like the others Gaeseong Wang members who lived with a royalty life. Many historians hard to believe that King Chungjeong had a son since he was killed only at 14 years old after dethroned and as he was a Deposed King (폐왕) who didn't receive any Posthumous name, it is somewhat difficult to trust that his son served as a Sijung. But, some cases have a child before or after reach 15 years old (such as: Gim Je-gyeom (father, 김제겸)–Gim Seong-haeng (son, 김성행); Hong Myeong-hui (father, 홍명희)–Hong Gi-mun (son, 홍기문); also Prince Jeongwon (father, 정원군)–King Injo (son, 조선 인조)). Wang Je also said to have a son: Wang Sung (왕숭, 王崇) and a grandson: Wang Ui-myeong (왕의명, 王義明) who just appeared in the family genealogy.[1][2]
  2. ^ 范永聰 (2009). 事大與保國 ── 元明之際的中韓關係 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). 香港教育圖書公司. p. 58. ISBN 9789882003019.
Chungjeong of Goryeo
Born: 1338 Died: 23 March 1352
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Goryeo
1348–1351
Succeeded by