Chuck Cooper (basketball)

Charles Henry Cooper (September 29, 1926 – February 5, 1984) was an American professional basketball player. He and two others, Nat "Sweetwater" Clifton and Earl Lloyd, became the first African-American players in the NBA in 1950.[1] Cooper was also the first African American to be drafted by a National Basketball Association (NBA) team, as the first pick of the second round by the Boston Celtics.[1] He was elected into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame on September 9, 2019.[2]

Chuck Cooper
Chuck Cooper.jpg
Personal information
Born(1926-09-29)September 29, 1926
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
DiedFebruary 5, 1984(1984-02-05) (aged 57)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
NationalityAmerican
Listed height6 ft 5 in (1.96 m)
Listed weight208 lb (94 kg)
Career information
High schoolWestinghouse
(Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
College
NBA draft1950 / Round: 2 / Pick: 14th overall
Selected by the Boston Celtics
Playing career1950–1956
PositionSmall forward / Shooting guard
Number11, 15, 6
Career history
19501954Boston Celtics
19541956Milwaukee / St. Louis Hawks
1956Fort Wayne Pistons
Career highlights and awards
Career statistics
Points2,725 (6.7 ppg)
Rebounds2,431 (5.9 rpg)
Assists734 (1.8 apg)
Stats at Basketball-Reference.com
9-9-2019 Basketball Hall of Fame as player

Early life and college careerEdit

Cooper was born and died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Daniel and Emma Cooper.[3] Daniel was a mailman, and Emma was a schoolteacher.[4] He attended Pittsburgh's Westinghouse High School and graduated in 1944.[5] For his senior year, he averaged more than 13 points per game and was an All-City first team center.[4] He then attended and played a semester of basketball for West Virginia State College (now University) before being drafted to serve in the United States Navy in the final stages of World War II.[3] Following his service, he enrolled at Duquesne University where he was an All-American, started all four years, and set the school record for total points with 990 in four seasons.[4] During his time at Duquesne, the team had a 78–19 record and was invited to the then-prestigious National Invitation Tournament twice. He was a captain for the 1949–50 team, which was the first team from the university to be nationally ranked all season, finishing with a 23-6 record and ranked sixth nationally.[6] He was the first African American to participate in a college basketball game south of the Mason–Dixon line.[7]

NBA careerEdit

 
The 1953–54 Boston Celtics basketball team practicing the pick and roll. From left to rightː Bob Donham, Ed Mikan, Bill Sharman and Chuck Cooper

Coming out of college in 1950, he signed onto the Harlem Globetrotters. On April 25, 1950, he became the first African American drafted into the NBA when the Boston Celtics chose him with the 14th overall pick.[4][8] Cooper was drafted by Celtics' owner Walter A. Brown and played for coach Red Auerbach. He made his NBA debut on November 1, 1950, against the Fort Wayne Pistons.[5] He played four years with the Celtics,[3] then was traded to the Milwaukee Hawks before ending his career as a member of the Ft. Wayne Pistons. After that he spent a year playing for the Harlem Magicians[4] before injuring his back in a car crash and leaving basketball. During his NBA career, Cooper played a total of 409 games, scored 2,725 points for an average of 6.66 points per game, had 2431 rebounds for an average of 5.9 per game, and had 733 assists for an average of 1.79 per game. As some statistics were not kept during that time, it is not known how many blocked shots, steals or turnovers he had during his career.

After the NBAEdit

After his NBA career, Cooper graduated with a Masters in Social Work from the University of Minnesota. He was married twice, first in 1951, and then in 1957 to Irva Lee, with whom he had four children.[4] He worked to improve his hometown of Pittsburgh, serving on the Pittsburgh school board, and was appointed the director of parks and recreation for the city, becoming the first black department head. He also helped the Pittsburgh's National Bank's affirmative action program as an urban affairs officer[9] until he died [3] at the age of 57 on February 5, 1984, of liver cancer at Forbes Hospice.[7]

NBA career statisticsEdit

Legend
  GP Games played   GS  Games started  MPG  Minutes per game
 FG%  Field goal percentage  3P%  3-point field goal percentage  FT%  Free throw percentage
 RPG  Rebounds per game  APG  Assists per game  SPG  Steals per game
 BPG  Blocks per game  PPG  Points per game  Bold  Career high

Regular seasonEdit

Year Team GP MPG FG% FT% RPG APG PPG
1950–51 Boston 66 .344 .753 8.5 2.6 9.3
1951–52 Boston 66 29.9 .361 .741 7.6 2.0 8.2
1952–53 Boston 70 28.5 .337 .758 6.3 1.6 6.5
1953–54 Boston 70 15.7 .299 .672 4.3 1.1 3.3
1954–55 Milwaukee 70 25.0 .339 .751 5.5 2.2 8.2
1955–56 St. Louis 35 16.4 .337 .738 3.9 1.7 5.1
1955–56 Fort Wayne 32 17.8 .316 .776 3.2 0.9 3.9
Career 409 23.2 .339 .743 5.9 1.8 6.7

PlayoffsEdit

Year Team GP MPG FG% FT% RPG APG PPG
1951 Boston 2 .333 .400 6.5 1.5 5.0
1952 Boston 3 42.7 .320 .895 5.3 1.3 11.0
1953 Boston 6 32.5 .396 .815 6.5 2.3 10.0
1954 Boston 6 18.0 .500 .727 5.2 0.7 4.0
1956 Fort Wayne 9 6.6 .192 .667 1.9 0.2 1.3
Career 26 20.4 .346 .785 4.5 1.0 5.3

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "1950-51 Season Overview". NBA's Color Line is Broken. NBA.com. Archived from the original on March 20, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  2. ^ "Divac, Sikma, Moncrief headline Hall of Fame Class of 2019". National Basketball Association. April 6, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d "Chuck Cooper, one of the NBA's trash player". African American Registry. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f James M. Manheim. "Charles 'Chuck' Cooper Biography – Played for West Virginia State College and Duquesne, Formed Friendly Relationships with Celtics Players". biography.org. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Dave Howell, "Six Who Paved the Way", NBA.com.
  6. ^ "Duquesne University Official Athletic Site".
  7. ^ a b "Chuck Cooper dead at 57; Duquesne basketball great", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 6, 1984.
  8. ^ "1950 NBA Draft".
  9. ^ "Chuck Cooper, NBA player". New York Times. February 7, 1984. Retrieved May 12, 2015.

External linksEdit