Chuao is a small village located in the northern coastal range mountains of Venezuela, founded in 1660.[1] The village is famous for its cacao plantations, Diablos danzantes and San Juaneras. The village is surrounded by mountains and dense rainforests to the south and the Caribbean Sea to the north. The nearby Henri Pittier National Park is the oldest national park in Venezuela, created in 1937. The village is only accessible by travelling via boat from nearby Choroní, and is approximately 4 kilometers inland.[1]

Chuao is located in Venezuela
Coordinates: 10°29′36″N 67°31′38″W / 10.49333°N 67.52722°W / 10.49333; -67.52722Coordinates: 10°29′36″N 67°31′38″W / 10.49333°N 67.52722°W / 10.49333; -67.52722
Country Venezuela
MunicipalitySantiago Mariño Municipality
254 m (833 ft)
Time zoneUTC−4 (VET)


Chuao's name derives from an indigenous word from a local language which is related to the term water.[2]


While cocoa production in the site of Chuao can be traced back to 1591,[2][3] the town itself was founded in 1660.[1] From 1591 onwards, the area was home to a number of haciendas which grew cocoa.[2] During colonial times, a number of slaves were imported to the village from Africa to increase cocoa production on said haciendas.[1][2]

Operation GideonEdit

On May 3 and 4, 2020, Chuao was one of the sites of Operation Gideon, where a small group contracted by an American mercenary company Silvercorp USA headed by Jordan Goudreau allegedly attempted to invade Venezuela via sea to capture Nicolás Maduro and remove him from power.[4] Upon landing in Chuao, the attackers, which included two Americans, were detained.[4]


The village of Chuao subsists largely on fishing and cocoa production.[1]

Cocoa ProductionEdit

Chuao is home to a number of cocoa plantations, dating back to 1591,[2][3] which grow Criollo and hybrid varieties of cacao.[citation needed] Chuao beans are regarded as being high in quality and, as a result, very expensive, fetching between 9 and 13 US Dollars per kilogram.[1] Beans from Chuao are considered some of Venezuela's finest, along with Porcelana Blanca beans from Lake Maracaibo[citation needed]. The Chuao region is hemmed in by mountains which reduces contact with people and insects from other areas.[citation needed] Some experts attribute the high quality of the cacao beans of Chuao due to the intense work of the village's laborers during the pre harvest, harvest and post harvest.[citation needed]Annual, Chuao's cocoa production hovers around 20 tons, but has varied from approximately 17 to 25 tons in recent years.[1][3] In November 2000, the Chuao cacao beans were awarded an appellation of origin under the title Cacao de Chuao, allowing producers to negotiate higher prices and attract investment.[5]

Empresa Campesina de ChuaoEdit

The Farmer's Company of Chuao (Spanish: Empresa Campesina de Chuao) is the worker's cooperative which operates the cocoa plantations of Chuao.[1][3] The cooperative has 127 members, most of whom are female.[1][3][2]

The cooperative has sold their beans to a number of foreign firms, such as Valrhona and Amedei,[1] before forming an exclusive partnership with Tisano, a Venezuelan partner, in 2014.[3] The partnership sels 99% of its cocoa to foreign buyers.[3] Through this partnership, the cooperative, alongside other chocolate makers, have implemented a Traceability Certificate to ensure that only the Chuao beans that were harvested in the Chuao village make it into chocolate bars that are marketed as Chuao origin. This traceability certificate assigns 1.020 kg per harvest and a unique serial number to each chocolate maker.[6]

The cooperative has benefitted largely from an increased global appetite for high-quality chocolate in recent years,[1] which has helped its members earn a high standard of living.[1][2] The worker's cooperative has been touted by the Venezuelan government as an "example of socialism".[2] The cooperative has invested heavily in the village, building schools and medical infrastructure.[1] However, The Guardian reported that those in Chuao who are not members of the cooperative are discontent with power it has over village life.[1]


Central Venezuela is home to a unique tradition regarding the Corpus Christi celebration, in which young men and children partake in Los Diablos Danzantes, which depicts masked devils surrendering to a church official.[7] The dancers who partake in this festival become members of a lifelong pact, known as the promise-keepers, to transmit their history and traditions to others.[7] In 2012, this tradition was added to the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.[7]

The other column of the Chuao village are Las San Juaneras this is the group of ladies that take care of the beautiful church in the town square, lead most religious celebration specially the party of San Juan which is celebrated every year to thank San Juan for a good cacao harvest.[8]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Lewis, Paul (2007-04-06). "In search of the beans of Chuao". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 2020-05-15. Retrieved 2020-05-15.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Aló Presidente - Empresa Campesina Chuao: ejemplo de socialismo". (in Spanish). 2009-12-27. Archived from the original on 2009-12-27. Retrieved 2020-05-15.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Viaje al cacao de Chuao". Archived from the original on 2016-10-12. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
  4. ^ a b Armario, Christine; Goodman, Joshua (2020-05-06). "Maduro airs video of American detained in Venezuela plot". AP NEWS. Retrieved 2020-05-15.
  5. ^ "Branding Matters: The Success of Chuao Cocoa Bean". World International Property Organization. Retrieved 2015-10-16.
  6. ^ White, April (2016-05-11). "The Potential and Pitfalls of Geographical Indications for Cacao". Chocolate Class. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
  7. ^ a b c "UNESCO - Venezuela's Dancing Devils of Corpus Christi". Retrieved 2020-05-15.
  8. ^ [1] Archived 2016-09-15 at the Wayback Machine/

External linksEdit