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The Chrysler Voyager, or Chrysler Grand Voyager (since 2011 re-badged as Lancia Voyager in most of Europe), is a minivan manufactured by Chrysler. For most of its existence, vehicles bearing the "Chrysler Voyager" nameplate have been sold exclusively outside the United States, primarily in Europe, Asia, and Oceania.

Chrysler Voyager
Chrysler Voyager front 20080419.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerChrysler Corporation (1988-1998)
DaimlerChrysler (1998-2007)
Chrysler LLC (2007-2009)
Chrysler Group LLC (2009-2014)
FCA US LLC (2014-present)
Production1988–2016
2019–present
Body and chassis
ClassMinivan
Body style3 to 4-door minivan
RelatedDodge Caravan
Chrysler Town & Country
Chrysler Pacifica
Volkswagen Routan
Chronology
PredecessorPlymouth Voyager
Lancia Phedra (Europe)
Dodge Grand Caravan (U.S.)
SuccessorChrysler Town & Country

The Voyager was introduced in Europe in 1988 as a rebadged version of the Dodge Caravan and Plymouth Voyager sold in the United States, and has evolved with the Caravan, Plymouth Voyager, and Chrysler Town & Country since. Vehicles bearing the Chrysler Voyager nameplate were marketed in the United States from 2001 to 2003 as a rebadged version of the short-wheelbase (SWB) variant of the Plymouth Voyager following the 2001 folding of the Plymouth division of DaimlerChrysler AG.

Together with its nameplate variants, the Chrysler minivans have ranked as the 13th bestselling automotive nameplate worldwide, with over 12 million sold.[1]

The European Chrysler Voyager was first released in 1988, nearly identical to its American counterpart, the Plymouth Voyager; the only visual differences between the two were the head/taillights and grille. Besides the slightly different appearance, the European Voyagers were sold with different engines, including diesel engines, which are popular in Europe; and the trim was different. They were also available with manual transmission and a foot operated emergency brake.

The last European Chrysler Grand Voyagers are very similar to the 2008 and later Chrysler Town & Country cars, and were sold only in the long-wheelbase version (as in North America).

Although now produced solely in Ontario, Canada, the Grand Voyagers were still available with diesel engines as standard. These diesel engines are based on a modern double overhead cam common rail design from VM Motori of Italy.

Following the fifth generation, the Grand Voyager nameplate was discontinued in all markets. However, in 2019, FCA announced that the Voyager nameplate will return for the 2020 model year as a separate nameplate for low-end Pacifica models.[2]

First generation (1988–1990)Edit

First generation
 
Overview
Also calledChrysler Grand Voyager (LWB Model)
Chrysler Voyager (SWB Model)
Production1988–1990
Body and chassis
Body style3-door minivan
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
PlatformChrysler S platform
RelatedChrysler Town & Country
Plymouth Voyager
Dodge Caravan
Powertrain
Engine2.2L (1987 only) 2.5 L KI4
3.0 L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6
Transmission5-speed manual
3-speed A413 automatic
3-speed A670 automatic
4-speed A604 automatic

1988–1990 models sold in Europe were Dodge Caravans rebranded as Chryslers. In America, the Caravan was sold alongside a similar Plymouth Voyager counterpart. Europe's Chrysler Voyager was nearly identical to the American Dodge Caravan except that a turbocharged four-cylinder engine and the 3.3 L Chrysler EGA V6 were never made available.

EnginesEdit

Second generation (1991–1995)Edit

Second generation
 
Overview
Also calledChrysler Grand Voyager (LWB Model)
Chrysler Voyager (SWB Model)
Production1990–1995
AssemblyFenton, Missouri, United States
Graz, Austria (Eurostar)
Body and chassis
Body style3-door minivan
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
PlatformChrysler AS platform
RelatedChrysler Town & Country
Plymouth Voyager
Dodge Caravan
Powertrain
Engine2.5 L K I4
2.5 L VM425 Turbo Diesel
3.0 L Mitsubishi 6G72 V6
3.3 L EGA V6
Transmission5-speed manual
3-speed A413 automatic
3-speed A670 automatic
4-speed A604 automatic

Introduced for the 1991 model year, the Chrysler Voyager in Europe continued to be identical to the Dodge Caravan in the United States except that the 3.8 L V6 was not available for the Chrysler Voyager. This would be the final generation available with a manual transmission. A 2.5 L turbo diesel four-cylinder engine produced by VM Motori was made available beginning in 1994. There were also military modifications available for the Voyager in South Africa, which included large fuel tanks available in 240 and 360 liter capacities.

EnginesEdit

Third generation (1996–2000)Edit

Third generation
 
Overview
Also calledChrysler Caravan
Chrysler Grand Caravan
Chrysler Grand Voyager (LWB model)
Chrysler Voyager (SWB model)
Production1995–2000
AssemblyFenton, Missouri, United States
Graz, Austria (Eurostar)
Body and chassis
Body style3-door minivan
4-door minivan
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
PlatformChrysler GS platform
Chrysler NS platform
RelatedChrysler Town & Country
Dodge Caravan
Plymouth Voyager
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission3-speed 31TH automatic
4-speed 41TE automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase113.3 in (2,878 mm)
119.3 in (3,030 mm) (Grand Voyager)
Length186.3 in (4,732 mm)
199.6 in (5,070 mm) (Grand Voyager)
Width75.6 in (1,920 mm)
Height68.5 in (1,740 mm)
68.4 in (1,737 mm)
Curb weight3,528 lb (1,600 kg)
3,680 lb (1,669 kg) (Grand Voyager)
 
Chrysler Voyager LE (Australia)


 
Interior

The 1996–1999 models in Mexico are rebadged Dodge Caravans, although the Caravan was sold alongside the Voyager. For 2000, the Chrysler Voyager was identical to the Plymouth Voyager except that the 3.8 L V6 was not available. Base models of the Voyager were offered in most states with either a 2.4 L four-cylinder or a 3.0 L Mitsubishi V6 engine, except in California and several northeastern states, where the Mitsubishi V6 didn't meet emissions standards. In those locales, the 3.3 L engine was offered instead. For the European market, Voyagers continued to be rebadged Caravans. Unique to this market were 2.0 L Straight-4 SOHC and DOHC engines and 2.5 L turbo diesel produced by VM Motori. European market vans also came with manual transmissions and in a six-passenger model with six captains chairs, not available elsewhere.

EnginesEdit

SafetyEdit

According to EuroNCAP crash test results, the 1999 model Chrysler Voyager did so badly in the frontal impact that it earned no points,[3] making it the worst of the group. The body structure became unstable and the steering column was driven back into the driver's chest and head'. The 2007 model Chrysler Voyager fared little better, achieving just 19% in the frontal impact test, with an overall score of 2 stars out of a possible 5.[4] However, chest compression measurements on the test dummy 'indicated an unacceptably high risk of serious or fatal injury. As a result, the final star in the adult occupant rating is struck-through'.

Despite the bad results in the Euro NCAP crash tests, statistics from the real world indicate that this is not the whole picture. Folksam is a Swedish insurance company that in May 2009 published a report on injuries and survivability of 172 car models. The 88–96 generation got a real world rating of "Average", and the 96-00 generation got a rating called "Safest" (at least 30% safer than the average car.)

 
2000 Chrysler Voyager (US)

Fourth generation (2001–2007)Edit

Fourth generation
 
Overview
Also calledChrysler Caravan
Chrysler Grand Caravan
Chrysler Grand Voyager (LWB model)
Chrysler Voyager (SWB model)
Chrysler Ram Van (The Netherlands, Panel Van)
Production2000–2007
2008–2010 (China)
AssemblyFenton, Missouri, United States
Graz, Austria (Eurostar)
Windsor, Ontario, Canada
Fuzhou, China (Soueast)
Body and chassis
Body style4-door minivan
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
PlatformChrysler RG Platform
Chrysler RS platform
RelatedChrysler Town & Country
Dodge Caravan
Powertrain
Engine2.4 L EDZ I4
3.3 L EGA V6
3.8 L EGH V6
3.0 L 6G72 (China)
2.5 L Turbo Diesel R 425
2.8 L Turbo Diesel R 428
Transmission3-speed 31TH automatic
4-speed 41TE automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase113.3 in (2,878 mm)
Grand Voyager: 119.3 in (3,030 mm)
Length189.1 in (4,803 mm)
2001–02 LX: 189.3 in (4,808 mm)
Grand Voyager: 200.5 in (5,093 mm)
Width78.6 in (1,996 mm)
Height68.9 in (1,750 mm)
2001–2003 Grand Voyager: 1,748 mm (68.8 in)
2005–present: 1,750 mm (68.9 in)
 
2001–2003 Chrysler Voyager (US)

From 2001 to 2003, the Voyager was offered in the SWB model only, replacing the SWB Plymouth Voyager. It resembled the Town and Country more than the previous generation, the only major cosmetic difference besides the trim (where the Town and Country's is fancier) was the placement of the Chrysler emblem on the grille. After the 2003 model year, the Voyager was discontinued (United States market) and replaced by the Chrysler Town and Country, SWB model. The SWB Town & Country continued under the Voyager name in the Mexican market.

EnginesEdit

  • 2001–2008 3.3 L EGA V6
  • 2001–2008 3.8 L EGH V6
  • 2001–2008 2.4 L EDZ I4
  • 2008–2011 (China) 3.0 L 6G72 V6

Year to year changesEdit

  • 2000: The Voyager is sold as a Plymouth and as a Chrysler, with the same options and features, however the Chrysler versions have sticker prices of about US$500 more.
  • 2001: The Chrysler Voyager was completely redesigned for this year as were the other Chrysler minivans. It was now only sold under the Chrysler marque; no "Grand" LWB versions are sold. Some new features include side airbags and an optional navigation system.
  • 2002: Either a VCR or a DVD-based rear-seat entertainment system was a new option available for dealer installation on all 2002 Voyagers. A high-value entry-level model, the eC was offered this year along with the base and LX models. All 2002 Voyagers now used a four-speed automatic transmission.
  • 2003: Power-adjustable brake and accelerator pedals were available on 2003 Voyagers. Anti-lock brakes remained optional for the upscale LX, but were no longer available for base Voyagers. The Voyager was discontinued after this year and was replaced by the little-changed SWB Town and Country.
 
2007 Chrysler Grand Voyager (United Kingdom)
 
2007 Chrysler Grand Voyager (United Kingdom)

In Europe Chrysler began offering the Voyager with the first generation, followed by the second generation model in 2001, with a new engine range – including larger, more economical diesel engines (2.5 L and for 2005 – the 2.8 L 4 cylinder from VM Motori) and more fuel-efficient petrol engines (I4 and V6).

The fourth generation Grand Voyager continued production for the Chinese market alongside the Dodge Grand Caravan until late 2010. Both models were built by Soueast in China, using a Town & Country production line relocated from Taiwan, and were powered by Mitsubishi 6G72 engines.

Fifth generation (2008–2016)Edit

Fifth generation
 
Overview
Also calledLancia Voyager
Production2007–2016
AssemblyWindsor, Ontario, Canada (Chrysler Canada)
DesignerRalph Gilles
Body and chassis
Body style4-door minivan
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
PlatformChrysler RT platform
RelatedChrysler Town & Country
Dodge Grand Caravan
Volkswagen Routan
Powertrain
Engine2.8 L RA428 I4 diesel
3.8 L EGH V6
3.6 L Pentastar V6
Transmission6-speed 62TE automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase121.2 in (3,078 mm)
Length202.5 in (5,144 mm)
Width78.7 in (1,999 mm)
Height68.9 in (1,750 mm)
 
Chrysler Grand Voyager

Chrysler introduced the new Grand Voyager for 2008 and successfully positioned it in the automotive market as a luxury MPV suited for large families. The Grand Voyager is visually identical to the Chrysler Town & Country which is sold in the North American and South American markets. In similar fashion to the other large multi-purpose vehicles (MPVs) on the market the Grand Voyager is sold with a standard diesel engine in Europe.

However, the seating is arranged in the 2–2–3 (front to rear) layout common in North America, rather than the 2–3–2 layout often seen in SUVs and MPVs in Europe. On right hand drive (RHD) models the gear shift lever is placed on a floor-mounted console between the seats, in contrast to the instrument panel positioning found on LHD models.

Standard engineEdit

  • 2008–2015: 2.8 L (2776 cc) CRD I4, 163 hp (122 kW) at 3800 rpm and 265 lb⋅ft (359 N⋅m) at 1600 rpm.[5] (RA 428 DOHC)

The 2009 Grand Voyager with diesel motor gets a combined fuel economy of 9.3 L/100 km (30 mpg‑imp; 25 mpg‑US).[6]

Optional engine on top of the range Limited models:

  • 2008–2010: 3.8 L (3778 cc, 230.5 cu in) EGH V6, 197 hp (147 kW) at 5200 rpm and 230 lb·ft (312 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • 2010–2015: 3.6 L (3604 cc, 220 cu in) Pentastar V6, 283 hp (211 kW) at 6600 rpm and 260 lb·ft (353 N·m) at 4800 rpm

All engines are paired with Chrysler's 62TE 6-speed automatic transmission with variable line pressure (VLP) technology (See Ultradrive).

Lancia VoyagerEdit

All Voyagers sold since October 2011 in continental Europe are sold under the Lancia brand.

The Chrysler-branded variant continues to be sold in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Russia, Australia, New Zealand, the Middle East, South Korea, Singapore, and China, as Lancia does not have sales operations in those markets. Voyager become the successor to previous unrelated series of minivans produced by Lancia, the last of which is the Phedra.

However, the parent company Fiat Chrysler Automobiles under the leadership of CEO Sergio Marchionne has decided to shut down both Chrysler and Lancia brands out of its European market (with the exception of keeping one model of Lancia available for sale in Italy). Therefore, it appears Voyager too is on its way out of Europe.[7]

European enginesEdit

The Lancia version is offered with engines compliant with Euro V emission standards.

Model Engine Displacement Max. power Max. torque Years
3.6 Pentastar automatic V6, Petrol 3,604 cc 208 kW (279 hp) 344 N⋅m (254 lb⋅ft) 2011–present
2.8 Turbo Diesel automatic straight-4, Diesel 2,777 cc 120 kW (161 hp) 360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft) 2011-2013
131 kW (176 hp) 360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft) 2013–2015

SafetyEdit

Euro NCAP test results
Lancia Voyager (2011)[8]
Test Points %
Overall:      
Adult occupant: 29 79%
Child occupant: 33 67%
Pedestrian: 17 47%
Safety assist: 5 71%

Sixth generation (2020–present)Edit

Sixth generation
 
2017 Chrysler Pacifica pictured above; the basis of the 2020 Voyager
Overview
Also calledChrysler Pacifica
Production2019–present
Model years2020–present
AssemblyWindsor, Ontario, Canada (Windsor Assembly)
DesignerIrina Zavatski,[9] Winnie Cheung[10] (interior)
Body and chassis
ClassMinivan
LayoutFF layout
PlatformCompact US Wide
RelatedChrysler 200 (UF)
Powertrain
Engine3.6 L Pentastar V6 (gasoline)
Transmission9-speed 948TE automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase121.6 in (3,089 mm)
Length203.6 in (5,171 mm)
Width79.6 in (2,022 mm)
Height69.9 in (1,775 mm)
Curb weight1,964 kilograms (4,330 lb)

On June 27, 2019, FCA announced that the low-end L and LX models will be separated from the Pacifica nameplate and sold under the Voyager nameplate starting with the 2020 model year. This marks the return of the Voyager nameplate to the Chrysler model lineup, in which it was last used in 2016, and the North American market, in which it was last used in 2003 and 2007 in the United States and Mexico, respectively. In addition to the L and LX trim levels, an LXi model will be available to fleet customers.[11]

The 2020 Voyager went on sale in the U.S. in the fall of 2019 with base prices ranging from $26,985 for the entry L model to $32,995 for the fleet-only LXi model. Seven-passenger seating, six-speaker sound system with Active Noise Cancellation, Apple CarPlay and Android Auto are standard on all models. Among the available options is the SafetyTec Group which includes rear park assist, blind-spot monitoring and rear cross path detection.

Standard engineEdit

3.6 L Pentastar V6

Seating featuresEdit

The Chrysler Voyager has incorporated various seating systems for their minivans to enhance interior flexibility.

Integrated child safety seatsEdit

In 1992, Chrysler introduced a second row bench seat integrating two child booster seats. These seats continued as an available option through fifth generation until they were discontinued in 2010.

Easy Out Roller SeatsEdit

In 1996, Chrysler had introduced a system of seats to simplify installation, removal, and re-positioning— marketed as Easy-Out Roller Seats. The system remained in use throughout the life of the Chrysler Voyager.

When installed, the seats are latched to floor-mounted strikers. When unlatched, eight rollers lift each seat, allowing it to be rolled fore and aft. Tracks have locator depressions for rollers, thus enabling simple installation. Ergonomic levers at the seatbacks release the floor latches single-handedly without tools and raise the seats onto the rollers in a single motion. Additionally, seatbacks were designed to fold forward. Seat roller tracks are permanently attached to the floor and seat stanchions are aligned, facilitating the longitudinal rolling of the seats. Bench seat stanchions were moved inboard to reduce bending stress in the seat frames, allowing them to be lighter.

When configured as two- and three- person benches, the Easy Out Roller Seats could be unwieldy. Beginning in 2001, second and third row seats became available in a 'quad' configuration – bucket or captain chairs in the second row and a third row three-person 50/50 split "bench" — with each section weighing under 50 lb (23 kg).

Stow'n Go seatingEdit

In 2005, Chrysler introduced a system of second and third row seating that folded completely into under-floor compartments – marketed as Stow 'n Go seating and exclusively available on long-wheelbase models.

In a development program costing $400 million,[12] engineers used an erector set to initially help visualize the complex interaction of the design[13] and redesigned underfloor components to accommodate the system — including the spare tire well, fuel tank, exhaust system, parking brake cables, rear climate control lines, and the rear suspension.[13] Even so, the new seating system precluded incorporation of an AWD system, effectively ending that option for the Chrysler minivans.

The system in turn creates a combined volume of 12 cubic feet (340 L) of under-floor storage when second-row seats are deployed. With both rows folded, the vans have a flat load floor and a maximum cargo volume of 160.7 cubic feet (4,550 L).[12][14]

The Stow 'n Go system received Popular Science Magazine's "Best of What's New" for 2005 award.[15]

The Stow 'n Go system is not offered on the Volkswagen Routan, a rebadged nameplate variant of the Chrysler minivans.

Swivel 'n Go seatingEdit

Chrysler introduced a seating system in 2008, marketed as Swivel'n Go. In the seating system, two full-size second-row seats swivel to face the third row. A detachable table can be placed between the second and third row seats. The Swivel'n Go seating system includes the third-row seating from the Stow'n Go system.

These Swivel 'n Go seats are manufactured by Intier Corp. a division of Magna. The tracks, risers and swivel mechanisms are assembled by Camslide, a division of Intier. The swivel mechanism was designed by and is produced by Toyo Seat USA Corp.

The system is noted for its high strength.[citation needed] The entire load of the seat in the event of a crash is transferred through the swivel mechanism, which is almost twice as strong as the minimum government requirement.[citation needed]

The swivel mechanism includes bumpers that stabilize the seat while in the lock position. When rotated the seat comes off these bumpers to allow easy rotation.

The seat is not meant to be left in an unlocked position or swiveled with the occupant in it, although this will not damage the swivel mechanism.

Production worldwideEdit

 
European Lancia Voyager in Germany

In the early years of its marketing, the Voyagers were produced in North America and were exported to Europe (1988–1991).

In 1991, the first Voyagers were produced in Austria, at the Eurostar plant nearby Graz. Eurostar was a joint venture between Chrysler and the Austrian company Steyr-Daimler-Puch.[16] It was later acquired by DaimlerChrysler and finally the plant was sold to Magna Steyr in 2002.[17] The minivan production ended there at the end of 2007.[18] Units produced in Austria were marketed in Europe, Asia and Africa. They were built with gasoline and diesel engines, with manual transmission version, in short-wheelbase (SWB) and long-wheelbase versions, and in right and left-hand drive versions (all sold as Chrysler Voyager).

From 2008 to 2010, the fourth generation Grand Voyager was produced in China by Soueast using a relocated Taiwanese Town & Country assembly line.

The fifth generation Voyagers (2008–2011) have been exported to Europe from Windsor, Canada, where they are produced. Beginning in October 2011, they were exported and sold as the Lancia Voyager in most European markets, as Chrysler operations were merged with those of Lancia in many European countries. In the United Kingdom, only the Grand Voyager is marketed.

Since 2011, the Voyager is sold under the Lancia badge in Europe to strengthen the Chrysler-Lancia integration, though it remains branded as the Chrysler Voyager in the United Kingdom and Ireland. In March 2015, Fiat Group announced that in 2017, Chrysler would be discontinued in the United Kingdom.[19] It was removed from Chrysler UK's website in January 2016.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Chrysler LLC Celebrates 25th Anniversary of the Minivan". Autonew24h.com.
  2. ^ "The 2020 Chrysler Voyager Is a Budget Version of the Pacifica Minivan". Car and Driver. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  3. ^ "Chrysler Voyager 1999". euroncap.com. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
  4. ^ "Chrysler Voyager 2007". www.euroncap.com. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
  5. ^ "Grand Voyager – Specifications". Chrysler. Archived from the original on July 26, 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2010.
  6. ^ "Caractéristiques Techniques et Tarifaires Grand Voyager" (PDF) (in French). Chrysler France. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 20, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2010.
  7. ^ Foley, Aaron. "Lancia, Dying A Slow, Painful Death, Will Only Sell Ypsilons in 2016". Jalopnik. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  8. ^ "Euro NCAP results for Lancia Voyager" (PDF). euroncap.com. 2011.
  9. ^ Payne, Henry (March 31, 2016). "Chrysler Pacifica designer makes minivans cool again". The Detroit News. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  10. ^ "2017 Chrysler Pacifica Design with Winnie Cheung and Brand Faurote". MSN. January 12, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  11. ^ "The 2020 Chrysler Voyager Is a Budget Version of the Pacifica Minivan". Car and Driver. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Chrysler extends leadership in Mideast minivan segment with 'Stow 'n Go'". Ameinfo.com. Archived from the original on March 25, 2013.
  13. ^ a b "Chrysler Group Brings Minivan Segment's Only Stow 'n Go Seating And Storage System to Market in Just 18 Months" (Press release). Chrysler Press Release.
  14. ^ "FCA US Media - Stow 'N Go™ Seating and Storage System Solidifies Dodge Caravan as the Leader in Minivan Sales and Innovations". media.fcanorthamerica.com. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  15. ^ "Stow 'n Go Minivan Technology Awarded Popular Science Magazine's "Best of What's New" for 2005". Autointell.com.
  16. ^ "diepresse.com article, Austrian newspaper". December 3, 2007. Retrieved January 22, 2008.. Eurostar was a Joint-Venture
  17. ^ "handelsblatt.com article, German newspaper". February 15, 2002. Retrieved January 22, 2008.. Chrysler is selling Eurostar to Magna Steyr
  18. ^ "diepresse.com article, Austrian newspaper". June 4, 2008. Retrieved January 22, 2008.. Voyager production ended in 2007 in Austria.
  19. ^ "Chrysler brand to be axed in the UK in 2017". What Car?. March 17, 2015. Retrieved January 12, 2016.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit