Chropyně (Czech pronunciation: [ˈxropɪɲɛ]) is a town in Kroměříž District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 4,700 inhabitants.

Chropyně
Church of Saint Giles and Chropyně Castle
Church of Saint Giles and Chropyně Castle
Flag of Chropyně
Coat of arms of Chropyně
Chropyně is located in Czech Republic
Chropyně
Chropyně
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°21′42″N 17°21′53″E / 49.36167°N 17.36472°E / 49.36167; 17.36472Coordinates: 49°21′42″N 17°21′53″E / 49.36167°N 17.36472°E / 49.36167; 17.36472
Country Czech Republic
RegionZlín
DistrictKroměříž
First mentioned1261
Government
 • MayorVěra Sigmundová
Area
 • Total19.00 km2 (7.34 sq mi)
Elevation
195 m (640 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total4,749
 • Density250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
768 11
Websitewww.muchropyne.cz

Administrative partsEdit

The village of Plešovec is an administrative part of Chropyně.

GeographyEdit

Chropyně is located about 6 kilometres (4 mi) north of Kroměříž and 25 km (16 mi) northwest of Zlín. It lies in the Upper Morava Valley. The river Malá Bečva flows through the town and other small watercourses flow into it in the municipal territory. The confluence of the Malá Bečva with the Morava is situated on the southern border of the territory.

There are several ponds in the territory. The largest of them is Zámecký in the centre of the town. The pond area is protected as a national nature reserve.[2]

HistoryEdit

The first written mention of Chropyně is from 1261, when the settlement was donated to the newly established monastery in Vizovice. During the rule of lords of Ludanice in the 15th century, a set of fish ponds was built here and Chropyně became the centre of a small estate. The fish farming brought economic prosperity to Chropyně and in 1535, it was promoted to a market town by King Ferdinand I.[2]

In 1615–1617, Chropyně was owned by Cardinal Franz von Dietrichstein. From 1617 to 1848, it was a property of Olomouc bishopric. In the 19th century, many large fires damaged Chropyně.[2]

A small spa for treatment of musculoskeletal disorders and diseases associated with high blood pressure was founded here in 1950. In 1970, Chropyně was promoted to a town. The town was damaged by the 1997 Central European flood and the spa was completely destroyed.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18692,006—    
18802,381+18.7%
18902,498+4.9%
19002,890+15.7%
19103,041+5.2%
YearPop.±%
19212,953−2.9%
19302,972+0.6%
19502,470−16.9%
19613,137+27.0%
19703,462+10.4%
YearPop.±%
19805,021+45.0%
19915,388+7.3%
20015,256−2.4%
20114,905−6.7%
20214,587−6.5%
Source: Censuses[3][4]

SightsEdit

The main landmark is the Chropyně Castle. It was built in 1615 on the site of an older castle. In the 19th century, it was modified to a hunting chateau. Today it is open to the public. It contains several expositions, including the monument of painter Emil Filla, which is the most famous native.[2]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Obecná historie města Chropyně" (in Czech). Město Chropyně. Retrieved 2021-12-14.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Kroměříž" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
  4. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.

External linksEdit