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Christopher Meyer

Sir Christopher John Rome Meyer, KCMG (born 22 February 1944) is a British former diplomat who served as the Ambassador to the United States (1997–2003), Ambassador to Germany (1997) and the chairman of the Press Complaints Commission (2003–2009).


Christopher Meyer

Christopher Meyer 011024-D-9880W-030.jpg
British Ambassador to the United States
In office
MonarchElizabeth II
PresidentBill Clinton
George W Bush
Prime MinisterTony Blair
Preceded bySir John Kerr
Succeeded bySir David Manning
British Ambassador to Germany
In office
Preceded bySir Nigel Broomfield
Succeeded bySir Paul Lever
Personal details
Born (1944-02-22) 22 February 1944 (age 75)
Spouse(s)Catherine Meyer (née Laylle)
EducationLancing College, West Sussex
Alma materPeterhouse, University of Cambridge

He is married to Catherine Meyer, Baroness Meyer, founder of the charity Parents & Abducted Children Together, and an active board member of the Transatlantic Forum for Education and Diplomacy.

Early life and educationEdit

Lancing College

Meyer was born in 1944 to Reginald Henry Rome Meyer and his wife Eve. Reginald was a flight lieutenant in Coastal Command of the RAF who was killed in action over the Greek island of Icaria 13 days before his son was born (in 2011 Meyer visited the island and met witnesses of the shooting-down and burial of his father). Meyer was educated at Lancing College, a boarding independent school for boys (now coeducational), near the village of Lancing in West Sussex, the Lycee Henri IV in Paris and Peterhouse at the University of Cambridge, where he graduated in History (he has been an honorary fellow of Peterhouse since 2002). After graduating, he attended the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies at Bologna.

Diplomatic careerEdit

He began his career in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1966 in the West and Central African Department as desk officer for French-speaking African countries. Following a year's training in the Russian language, his first posting, at the age of 24, was as third secretary to the British embassy in Moscow in 1968, where for his first year he was the ambassador's private secretary. From 1970 to 1973 he was second secretary at the British embassy in Madrid. This was followed by five years in London, firstly, as the head of the Soviet section in the East European and Soviet Department; and, secondly, as speech-writer to three successive Foreign Secretaries: James Callaghan, Anthony Crosland and David (now Lord) Owen. Meyer was then sent from 1978 to '82 to the UK permanent representation to the European Communities in Brussels, followed by two years as political counsellor in the British embassy in Moscow. He returned to London in 1984 to become press secretary to the Foreign Secretary, Sir Geoffrey Howe, a position which he occupied until 1988, when he went for a year to Harvard University's Centre for International Affairs as a Visiting Fellow. This was followed by five years at the British embassy in Washington as minister-commercial and deputy head of mission. He returned to London in 1994 to become Prime Minister John Major's press secretary and government spokesman. He was posted briefly to Germany as ambassador in 1997, but was transferred in the same year to Washington as Britain's ambassador to the United States.

HM Ambassador to the United StatesEdit

Ambassador Christopher Meyer meeting with Donald H. Rumsfeld on 30 October 2001

His final posting was as British Ambassador to the United States from 1997 until his retirement in 2003. Meyer gave evidence about his time in the role to the Iraq Inquiry in November 2009.[1]

The Press Complaints Commission (PCC)Edit

Meyer was appointed chairman of the UK press's self-regulating body in March 2003.[2]

During his tenure from 2003 to 2009, Meyer introduced a number of reforms to enhance the profile, independence and credibility of the Commission. These included increasing the majority of independent Commissioners, introducing independent scrutiny of the PCC's internal processes and decision-making, instituting PCC "away-days" twice a year in the cities and towns of the UK and extending the PCC's remit to online editions of newspapers, including audio-visual material. This led to a significant increase in public use of the PCC, with complaints about the press rising from 2,630 in 2002 to 4,698 by the time Meyer retired as Chairman. He was also responsible for developing the PCC's pre-publication activity, including its anti-harassment service, which proved highly effective in protecting people from the unwanted attention of media scrums.[3]

Meyer's tenure coincided with the gaoling in 2007 of the News of the World reporter, Clive Goodman, and the enquiry agent, Glenn Mulcaire, for phone-hacking offences under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act. This prompted the resignation of the News of the World's editor, Andy Coulson. Later, as the phone-hacking scandal spread, the PCC, and Meyer himself, were criticised for not having brought those responsible to account. But the Lord Judge, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, pointed out in a lecture to the Human Rights Law Conference on 19 October 2011 that "To criticise the PCC for failing to exercise powers it does not have is rather like criticising a judge who passes what appears to be a lenient sentence, when his power to pass a longer sentence is curtailed." Meyer had himself reminded the Leveson Inquiry in his witness statement, submitted on 14 September 2011, and at his appearance before the Inquiry on 31 January 2012 that phone-hacking was a crime under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 and that it was not in the remit of the PCC either to apply the criminal law or to carry out investigations that rightfully belonged to the police.


In 1998, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II appointed him Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG).[4]

Meyer is a non-executive director of the Arbuthnot Banking Group.[5] He is also Chairman of the Advisory Board of Pagefield and an Honorary Fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge University. He is a Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspapermakers and a Freeman of the City of London. On 3 April 2012 he was appointed Court Assistant honoris causa by the Company. Since 2013 Meyer has been a Senior Associate Fellow of the Royal United Services Institute.[6] Meyer was named in 2010 the Morehead-Cain Alumni Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of North Carolina.[7]


He published his memoirs, DC Confidential, in November 2005, with extracts serialised in The Guardian and the Daily Mail. The book gave rise to considerable controversy. It was attacked by members of the Labour government (Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott called Meyer a "red-socked fop"[8]), while a group of MPs urged him to "publish and be damned".[9] Meyer gave a detailed rebuttal of his critics in written evidence submitted to the House of Commons Select Committee on Public Administration.[10] In 2005, the memoirs were included in his books of the year by Jim Hoagland, the authoritative Washington Post commentator on foreign affairs, who described them as "thorough" and "credible".[11]

In 2009 he published a second book, Getting Our Way, a 500-year history of British diplomacy that accompanied a BBC 4 television series of the same name. He was again in the news with this book, serialized this time in The Sunday Times and The Daily Telegraph, and again openly critical of the Labour Government under which he served.[12]

In November 2013 Meyer published a third book, the Amazon Kindle Single, Only Child, a personal memoir of his childhood interwoven with the story of how his father was shot down and killed in the Second World War. It includes interviews with still surviving witnesses of his father's crash and burial.

Meyer writes regularly on international affairs for a variety of newspapers and publications.


Meyer has presented several television and radio documentaries on diplomacy for the BBC, including Mortgaged to the Yanks (BBC Two/BBC Four 2006), Corridors of Power, How to Succeed at Summits, and Lying Abroad, all for BBC Radio 4 in 2006 and 2007. These were followed in 2009 by a BBC Radio 4 documentary series on the press called The Watchdog and the Feral Beast. 2009 also saw him present a BBC television series Getting Our Way, which chronicled episodes from British diplomatic history over the last 500 years and was later turned into a book (see below). In 2012 he fronted a 6-part international documentary series for Sky Atlantic called "Networks of Power", which examined the power-brokers of Mumbai, Rome, Moscow, New York, Los Angeles and London. The Guardian found the series "immensely watchable" and described Meyer as "Paxmanesque - quizzical, authoritative, faintly mischievous".[13] He frequently appears on news and current affairs programmes, for example, providing analysis for the BBC's coverage of President Barack Obama's state visit to Britain in May 2011.

Meyer, when asked (in an interview with the BBC) "Which foreign government has the most influence on Washington?", unequivocally responded: "Israel." When he was then asked "And then?", he said, "Well, in the hit parade I think Israel is in a class of its own..."[14]

Personal lifeEdit

He is married to Catherine Meyer, Baroness Meyer and has two sons from a previous marriage. He sits on the board of the charity his wife founded, PACT (Parents and Abducted Children Together).[15]

Sir Christopher was admitted to hospital on the afternoon of 11 July 2018 after an alleged attack by two youths at London Victoria station. He was 74 at the time,[16] and had been doing a lot of television work regarding US President Donald Trump's UK visit. A 15-year-old girl and a 16-year-old boy were arrested on suspicion of assault occasioning grievous bodily harm, but were released under investigation while enquiries into the incident continued.[17] However a witness later came forward to claim that Sir Christopher was not attacked and that he was injured after accidentally falling over.[18] The boy pleaded guilty to causing grievous bodily harm without intent to Sir Christopher on 11 July 2018.[19]


  • Christopher Meyer (2005), DC Confidential, Weidenfeld & Nicolson. (ISBN 0-297-85114-4)
  • Christopher Meyer (2009), Getting Our Way: 500 Years of Adventure and Intrigue: the Inside Story of British Diplomacy, Weidenfeld & Nicolson (ISBN 0-297-85875-0)
  • Christopher Meyer (2013), "Only Child", Amazon Kindle Single,[20]


  1. ^ "Blair's view on Iraq 'tightened' after Bush meeting". BBC News. BBC. 26 November 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  2. ^ "Sir Christopher Meyer biography". Press Complaints Commission. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  3. ^ PCC annual reviews 2002-2008 @
  4. ^ "Sir Christopher Meyer". London Speaker Bureau. Archived from the original on 23 September 2006. Retrieved 1 October 2006.
  5. ^ "Public announcement by Arbuthnot Banking Group". 5 September 2007.
  6. ^ "RUSI - Sir Christopher Meyer KCMG". RUSI. Archived from the original on 2014-02-15.
  7. ^ "Oh, Four Oh Four".[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Prescott accuses Meyer of being a 'red-socked fop'". The Independent. 2005-11-20. Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  9. ^ "Early Day Motion, House of Commons". 10 October 2005. Archived from the original on 20 July 2006. Retrieved 13 February 2009.
  10. ^ "Supplementary Memorandum by Sir Christopher Meyer KCMG". Volume 2 of Public Administration Select Committee Report "Whitehall Confidential? The Publication of Political Memoirs". 18 July 2006.
  11. ^ "Foreign Affairs to Remember". Washington Post. 29 December 2005.[dead link]
  12. ^ "Afghan war is waste of blood and treasure says ex-British envoy to US". Thaindian News. 18 October 2009.
  13. ^ Aitkenhead, Decca (1 July 2012). "Christopher Meyer: 'I wasn't nice to everyone'". The Guardian. London.
  14. ^ "BBC World Service - The Interview Archive". BBC.
  15. ^ "Home - PACT Charity - Parents and Abducted Children Together". PACT Charity - Parents and Abducted Children Together.
  16. ^ "Sir Christopher Meyer attacked at Tube station". BBC News. 2018-07-12. Retrieved 2018-07-12.
  17. ^ "Teenage girl and boy, 16, arrested over attack on former UK ambassador". Evening Standard. 2018-07-13. Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  18. ^ "Teenagers did not attack former diplomat Sir Christopher Meyer — he fell, says witness". The Times. London. 2018-07-17.
  19. ^ "Boy handed referral order after attack on former US ambassador". London. 2019-01-31.
  20. ^ "Only Child (Kindle Single) eBook: Christopher Meyer: Kindle Store".

External linksEdit

Government offices
Preceded by
Gus O'Donnell
10 Downing Street Press Secretary to John Major
Succeeded by
Alastair Campbell
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Nigel Broomfield
British Ambassador to Germany
Succeeded by
Sir Paul Lever
Preceded by
Sir John Kerr
British Ambassador to the United States
Succeeded by
Sir David Manning
Media offices
Preceded by
Robert Pinker
Chair of the Press Complaints Commission
Succeeded by
Peta Buscombe