Christian Norberg-Schulz

Christian Norberg-Schulz (23 May 1926– 28 March 2000) was a Norwegian architect, author, educator and architectural theorist. Norberg-Schulz was part of the Modernist Movement in architecture and associated with architectural phenomenology.[1][2]


Thorvald Christian Norberg-Schulz was born in Oslo, Norway. He was educated at the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule in Zurich in 1949 with subsequent studies in Rome. He studied at Harvard University under a Fulbright scholarship. He received his Doctor of Technology in architecture from the Norwegian Institute of Technology in 1964 and became a professor at Yale University, the following year. Norberg-Schulz was a Professor and later Dean at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design from 1966 to 1992. During 1974, he was a visiting professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Architecture Department.[3][4]

In the 1950s and 1960s, Norberg-Schulz practiced as an architect both alone and in collaboration with Arne Korsmo, with whom he co-designed the famous row houses at Planetveien Street in Oslo, where both of them lived with their respective families.[5] Norbert-Schulz became progressively disillusioned with practice, just as his first book, "Intentions in Architecture", started to earn him international acclaim as an architectural theorist.[6] He later theoretical work of the 1970s and 1980s moved from the analytical and psychological concerns of his earlier writings to the phenomenology of place, and he was one of the first architectural theorists to bring Martin Heidegger to the field. His book Genius Loci: Towards a Phenomenology of Architecture (1979) was widely influential in Europe and the Americas. He is recognized as a central figure in the architectural phenomenology movement.[7] He is also well known internationally both for his books on architectural history (in particular Italian classical architecture, especially the Baroque) and for his writings on theory.[8][9]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1955, he married Anna Maria de Dominicis. His daughter is the Norwegian opera singer Elizabeth Norberg-Schulz. In 1996 he received the Fritt Ord Honorary Award.[10]

In popular cultureEdit

Books in EnglishEdit

  • Intentions in Architecture MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1965.
  • Existence, Space and Architecture Praeger Publishers, London, 1971
  • Meaning in Western Architecture Rizzoli, New York, 1974.
  • Baroque Architecture Rizzoli, Milan, 1979.
  • Late Baroque and Rococo Architecture Rizzoli, Milan, 1980.
  • Genius Loci, Towards a Phenomenology of Architecture Rizzoli, New York. 1980.
  • Modern Norwegian Architecture Scandinavian University Press, Oslo, 1987.
  • New World Architecture Princeton Architectural Press, New York, 1988.
  • Concept of Dwelling Rizzoli, New York. 1993.
  • Nightlands. Nordic Building, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1997.
  • Principles of Modern Architecture Andreas Papadakis Publishers, London, 2000.
  • Architecture: Presence, Language, Place Skira, Milan, 2000.

Primary sourceEdit

  • An Eye for Place: Christian Norberg-Schulz: Architect, Historian and Editor (Gro Lauvland, author. Gyldendal Akademisk, Oslo. 2009) ISBN 9788281520325


External linksEdit