Christopher Michael Sanders (born March 12, 1962) is an American animation director, film director, screenwriter, producer, illustrator and voice actor. He is best known for co-writing and directing Disney's Lilo & Stitch (2002) and DreamWorks' How to Train Your Dragon (2010), both of which he co-wrote and co-directed with Dean DeBlois, and for creating and voicing Stitch in Lilo & Stitch and every Western-produced work in its franchise. He also served as director and co-writer on The Croods, along with Kirk DeMicco.
Sanders at the 2014 Golden Globe Awards
Christopher Michael Sanders
March 12, 1962
|Other names||Christopher Sanders|
|Occupation||Director, screenwriter, producer, illustrator, voice actor|
|Employer||Walt Disney Animation Studios (1988–2007) |
DreamWorks Animation (2007–present)
|Known for||Directing/writing Lilo & Stitch and How to Train Your Dragon; creating and voicing Stitch|
|Lilo & Stitch|
How to Train Your Dragon
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Sanders began his career as a character designer for Muppet Babies. He soon became the head storyboard artist for Walt Disney Feature Animation. He also served as a storyboard artist, artistic director, production designer, and character designer on Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, The Lion King, and Mulan.
In the late 1980s, Sanders created an allegorical picture book entitled The Big Bear Aircraft Company, with the subheading "A book for the big retreat" clarifying that it was created for a Disney offsite event. The Big Bear Aircraft Company is a thinly disguised version of Disney itself, and the book is critical of the creative process at the company, which prioritized "big ideas, figuring they will be big successes" and noted that if proposed aircraft (i.e., movie ideas) "don't look the same as the ones [that were] built before, [the boss, Big Bear] gets uncomfortable." After handing each idea pitched by the "visual engineer" to a writer who "likes airplanes" but "has actually never worked on one before, and couldn't tell you for sure what makes one fly", the story states the assigned writer "is guaranteed of making the same mistakes every time. He will make his airplane look like every one he's seen before ..." In the end, the head of the company, Big Bear, gets an airplane that is "a lot like last year's; not very inspiring and not very memorable. But people bought it before, and they'll probably buy it again. By playing it safe, he's insured his company's survival." However, since it is not the only aircraft company, these policies are destined to leave the company vulnerable to more imaginative competitors "with its wings of good reputation all shot off." The story concludes that Big Bear should instead give the visual engineers "the two things they need to do their job: Bear's trust and time" to allow smaller, more innovative ideas to flourish. Years later, to explain his motivation regarding the piece, Sanders wrote about his concern over "the ever-growing complexity of our films, and what I saw as an emerging pattern they were all cut from", citing the example that during the story development for Mulan, one of the major concerns was the manner of the villain's death rather than the idea that the villain had to die at all. This in turn motivated him to develop Lilo & Stitch, which he summarized as "a story about a villain who becomes a hero."
In 1985, Sanders created a character named "Stitch" for an unsuccessful children's book pitch. When Sanders was the head storyboard artist for Disney Feature Animation, then-Disney CEO Michael Eisner decided that, in the wake of a number of high-profile and large-budget Disney animated features during the mid-1990s, the studio might try its hand at a smaller and less expensive film. Chris Sanders was approached by Thomas Schumacher to pitch that idea, and Sanders reused the "Stitch" character he came up with. The story line required a remote, non-urban location, so Sanders chose Kauaʻi as the location. Stitch became the central character of the 2002 film Lilo & Stitch, which Sanders co-directed and co-wrote with Dean DeBlois. Sanders would also end up voicing the character he created for the film. The film's commercial and critical success spawned a franchise with three sequel films and three television series, with Sanders reprising his role of Stitch throughout the original 2002–06 run of the franchise (Sanders did not reprise his role for the English dub of the anime Stitch! or the English-language-produced Chinese animated series Stitch & Ai, with Ben Diskin taking over the role for both series), as well in several later Disney crossover works such as Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep, Kinect: Disneyland Adventures, and the Disney Infinity series.
By December 2006, Sanders had been removed as the director of the upcoming Disney animated film American Dog by John Lasseter. By March 2007, Sanders had been negotiating his exit from Disney. After the departure of Sanders from Disney, directing duties were handed to Chris Williams and Byron Howard, and the film was retitled Bolt. Despite his departure from Disney, Sanders continues to voice Stitch in most official Disney media (except for the aforementioned Eastern-produced shows).
By March 2007, Sanders had moved to DreamWorks Animation and had then taken over as director on Crood Awakening (later renamed to The Croods), a project previously in co-production with Aardman Animations before their departure from DreamWorks. At the time, Chris had this to say about the move: "I've been so anxious to start working on things, and so I talked to a lot of people... I like the way DreamWorks looks at animation. Animation still has a lot of different places to go, and I don't want to miss out on a chance to try some new things with it."
On September 24, 2008, it was reported that Sanders and DeBlois would be screenwriting and directing How to Train Your Dragon for DreamWorks Animation. The film was released on March 26, 2010 and was well received by critics. It grossed nearly $500 million worldwide. It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature and Best Original Score at the 83rd Academy Awards. The movie also won ten Annie Awards, including Best Animated Feature.
After completing How to Train Your Dragon, Chris returned to The Croods, which was released on March 22, 2013. Sanders shared directing and writing credits with Kirk DeMicco, who had joined in the middle of production. The film proved to be a success, grossing over $500 million. Sanders and DeMicco then worked on The Croods sequel for three and a half years, before its cancellation in late 2016. However, the sequel was revived in September 2017, although with Joel Crawford replacing Sanders as director.
Sanders is married to Jessica Steele-Sanders. Together, they wrote an illustrated novel, titled Rescue Sirens: The Search for the Atavist (2015). Sanders also draws the popular webcomic Kiskaloo.
|1988||Garfield: His 9 Lives (made-for-TV)||No||No||Yes||animation stylist (segment "Diana's Piano")|
|1990||The Rescuers Down Under||No||No||Yes||character designer / storyboard artist / visual development|
|1991||Beauty and the Beast||No||Yes||Yes||story / visual development artist|
|1994||The Lion King||No||Yes||Yes||story / production designer / storyboard artist|
|1995||Runaway Brain (short)||No||No||Yes||additional storyboard artist|
|1998||Mulan||No||Yes||No||screenplay / story supervisor|
|1999||Fantasia 2000||No||Yes||No||original concept: Pines of Rome|
|2002||Lilo & Stitch||Yes||Yes||Yes||screenplay / character designer; written and directed with Dean DeBlois|
|2010||How to Train Your Dragon||Yes||Yes||No||screenplay; written and directed with Dean DeBlois|
|2013||The Croods||Yes||Yes||No||screenplay / ADR group; written and directed with Kirk DeMicco|
|2020||The Call of the Wild||Yes||No||No||live-action and solo directorial debut|
|2014||How to Train Your Dragon 2|
|2019||How to Train Your Dragon: The Hidden World|
Voice acting creditsEdit
|2002||Lilo & Stitch||Stitch|
|2003||Stitch! The Movie||direct-to-video|
|2004||The Lion King 1½|
|Stitch's Great Escape!||theme park attraction|
|2005||Lilo & Stitch 2: Stitch Has a Glitch||direct-to-video|
|The Origin of Stitch||direct-to-video short|
|2006||Leroy & Stitch||Stitch / Leroy||direct-to-video|
|2015||Penguins of Madagascar||Antarctic Penguin|
|TBA||Lilo & Stitch||Stitch||direct-to-digital|
|1984-1988||Muppet Babies||60||model designer|
|1985||Little Muppet Monsters||1 ("In the Beginning")|
|1986-1987||The Glo Friends||26|
|1996||Quack Pack||4||storyboard atrist|
|2003-2006||Lilo & Stitch: The Series||67||creator / voice roles as "Stitch / Experiment 627"|
|1999||Tarzan Activity Center||Baby Baboon|
|2002||Disney's Lilo & Stitch||Stitch||Vocal effects|
|Lilo & Stitch: Trouble in Paradise|
|Disney's Stitch: Experiment 626|
|Lilo & Stitch: Hawaiian Adventure|
|2003||Lilo & Stitch's Island of Adventures|
|2005||Kingdom Hearts II||English version (inclunding addon Final Mix+ in 2007)|
|2008||Disney Think Fast|
|2010||Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep||English version|
|2011||Kinect: Disneyland Adventures|
|2013||Disney Magical World|
|2014||Disney Infinity: Marvel Super Heroes|
|2015||Disney Infinity 3.0||Reused audio from Disney Infinity: Marvel Super Heroes|
- "One on One Spotlight: Directors Chris Sanders and Dean DeBlois". CTN animation eXpo. Archived from the original on November 8, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
- Amidi, Amid (July 27, 2011). "Read the Chris Sanders Storybook About What Was Wrong At Disney in the 1980s". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
- The Story Room: The Making of 'Lilo & Stitch' (DVD). Burbank, CA: Walt Disney Home Entertainment. 2005.
- Osmond, Andrew (December 31, 2002). "Lilo & Stitch Revisited: Part I". Animation World Network. AWN, Inc. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
- Davis, Pat (April–May 2002). "Disney Goes Hawaiian". Hana Hou!. 5 (2).
- M. Holson, Laura (March 4, 2007). "He Runs That Mickey Mouse Outfit". New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Fritz, Ben (March 27, 2007). "Sanders joins DreamWorks". Variety.
- Amidi, Amid (September 25, 2008). "UPDATE: Chris Sanders Still Crood and Directing Dragon". Cartoon Brew. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- Finke, Nikki (September 9, 2012). "DreamWorks Animation's Release Schedule". Deadline. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- "The Croods 2 in the Works at DreamWorks Animation". ComingSoon.net. April 17, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Rainey, James (November 11, 2016). "DreamWorks Animation and Universal Kill 'Croods 2' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
- Amidi, Amid (September 19, 2017). "Dreamworks Confirms 'The Croods' Sequel Is Back On, And Announces 'Spooky Jack'". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved September 19, 2017.
- Giardina, Carolyn (October 18, 2017). "'Croods 2' Finds Its Director (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Flores, Terry (August 7, 2015). "Animation Writer-Directer Chris Sanders Co-Writes Mermaid Book 'Rescue Sirens'". Variety. Retrieved August 7, 2015.
- Shirey, Eric (September 28, 2011). "Producer Don Hahn Shares His Experiences Working on 'The Lion King'". Yahoo! Voices. Archived from the original on May 14, 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- Couch, Aaron (October 12, 2017). "'X-Men' Spinoff 'Gambit' Sets 2019 Release Date". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
- Shuler, Skyler (February 4, 2020). "Exclusive: Disney's Live-Action 'Lilo & Stitch' Will Head To Disney+". The DisInsider.