Chris Hughes (born November 26, 1983) is an American entrepreneur who co-founded and served as spokesman for the online social directory and networking site Facebook, with Harvard roommates Mark Zuckerberg, Dustin Moskovitz, Eduardo Saverin, and Andrew McCollum. He was the publisher and editor-in-chief of The New Republic from 2012 to 2016. As of 2019[update], Hughes is a co-chair of the Economic Security Project.
November 26, 1983
Hickory, North Carolina, U.S.
|Education||Harvard University (AB)|
The New School
|Known for||Co-founder of Facebook|
In 2018, Hughes published Fair Shot: Rethinking Inequality and How We Earn. In May 2019, he published an op-ed in the New York Times, calling for the "Break Up of Facebook" and government regulation of content on it, and in June of the same year, he criticized the Facebook decision to launch Libra, saying that the cryptocurrency "would shift power into the wrong hands if, at least, the coin be modestly successful".
Early life and educationEdit
Hughes grew up in Hickory, North Carolina, as the only child of Arlen "Ray" Hughes, an industrial paper salesman, and Brenda Hughes, a mathematics teacher. He was raised as an evangelical Lutheran. He graduated from Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts before earning a Bachelor of Arts in History and English literature from Harvard College.
During his freshman year at Harvard in 2002, Hughes met and was recruited by Mark Zuckerberg, who at the time was still working in the early stages of Facebook. For the next two years, Hughes was unofficially responsible for beta testing and product suggestions. When the group had the idea to open Facebook to other schools, Hughes argued that schools should have their own networks to maintain the intimacy feel. He was also a key driver in developing many of Facebook's popular features, which led to the opening of Facebook to the outside world. As a result of that, Hughes became the de facto Facebook spokesman.
In 2004, Hughes, Zuckerberg and Moskovitz traveled to Palo Alto, California during their summer break. After the summer break, while Zuckerberg and Moskovitz decided to remain in Palo Alto, Hughes decided to return to Harvard to continue his studies.
In 2006, he graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University with a Bachelor of Arts in history and literature. He then relocated to Palo Alto to rejoin Zuckerberg and Moskovitz and became involved in Facebook again.
In 2019, he wrote an op-ed in The New York Times calling for the break up of Facebook.
He was the executive director of Jumo, a non-profit social network organization which he founded in 2010, which "aims to help people find ways to help the world". In July 2010, UNAIDS (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) appointed him to a 17-member "High Level Commission" of renowned politicians, business leaders, human rights activists, and scientists tasked with spearheading a "social and political action campaign over the coming year aimed at galvanizing support for effective HIV prevention programmes."
The New RepublicEdit
In March 2012, Hughes purchased a majority stake in The New Republic magazine. He became the publisher and executive chairman, and also served as editor-in-chief of the magazine. In December 2014, shortly after the magazine's centennial celebration, editor Franklin Foer and literary editor Leon Wieseltier were "driven out" and dozens of other staff and contributing editors resigned after a new chief executive, Guy Vidra, a former Yahoo! employee, described the new direction of the magazine as a "vertically integrated digital media company." The magazine was forced to cancel its upcoming issue due to the staff departures.
The magazine was not profitable during Hughes' tenure. On January 11, 2016, Hughes put The New Republic up for sale, saying he had "underestimated the difficulty of transitioning an old and traditional institution into a digital media company in today's quickly evolving climate." Hughes' ownership of The New Republic was described by The New York Times as a "vanity project." He sold the magazine on February 26, 2016, to Oregon publisher Win McCormack.
Hughes is openly gay and married to Sean Eldridge, political director of Freedom to Marry. Hughes and Eldridge announced their engagement in January 2011 at a reception in support of Freedom to Marry. They married on June 30, 2012. The couple bought a $2 million residence in New York's 19th congressional district with the reported purpose of permitting Eldridge to run for the congressional seat there. Eldridge lost his 2014 bid for a congressional seat by 28 points.
In popular cultureEdit
- John McQuaid. "Chris Hughes". Forbes.
- "Who We Are". The Economic Security Project. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
- "Book review". Kirkus Reviews. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- "New York Times Op-Ed Its Time to Break Up Facebook". New York Times. May 9, 2019. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
- "Facebook co-founder: Libra coin would shift power into the wrong hands". The Financial Times. June 21, 2019. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- Stelter, Brian (July 7, 2008). "The Facebooker Who Friended Obama". The New York Times.
- McGirt, Ellen (April 1, 2009). "How Chris Hughes Helped Launch Facebook and the Barack Obama Campaign". Fast Company.
- Holson, Laura M. (May 4, 2012). "Chris Hughes and Sean Eldridge Are the New Power Brokers". The New York Times.
- Solomon, Brian. "Facebook Co-Founder Chris Hughes Marries Longtime Boyfriend". Forbes. Retrieved April 5, 2020.
- Matthews, Dylan (January 15, 2020). "Chris Hughes wants another chance". Vox. Retrieved April 5, 2020.
- "How Chris Hughes Helped Launch Facebook and the Barack Obama Campaign". Fast Company. April 1, 2009. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
- Solomon, Brian. "Facebook Co-Founder Chris Hughes Marries Longtime Boyfriend". Forbes. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
- McGirt, Ellen (April 1, 2009). "How Chris Hughes Helped Launch Facebook And The Barack Obama Campaign". Fastcompany.com. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
- "Facebook Founders Bios". Facebook.
- "It's time to break up Facebook".
- "My Barack Obama". Obama for America. Archived from the original on July 4, 2008. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
- Schonfeld, Erick (March 17, 2009). "After Facebook And The Obama Campaign, Chris Hughes Takes a Post At General Catalyst". TechCrunch. Retrieved October 8, 2009.
- McGirt, Ellen (March 18, 2010). "Facebook Chris Hughes's Jumo.com". Fast Company.
- Wortham, Jenna (November 30, 2010). "A Facebook Founder Begins a Social Network Focused on Charities". The New York Times.
- "Top world personalities join UNAIDS' High Level Commission to bring about a prevention revolution". UNAIDS TODAY. July 21, 2010.
- "New Republic Gets an Owner Steeped in New Media". The New York Times. Retrieved March 9, 2012.
- Mahler, Jonathan; Somaiya, Ravi (December 7, 2014). "Revolt at the New New Republic". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
- Somaiya, Ravi (January 11, 2016). "The New Republic Is for Sale Again". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
- Sorkin, Andrew Ross (January 11, 2016). "When Restless Billionaires Trip on Their Toys". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
- Byers, Dylan. "The New Republic Is Sold by Facebook Co-founder Chris Hughes". CNNMoney. Retrieved February 27, 2016.
- "A Place at the State Dinner Table". The Advocate. November 24, 2009.
- "Forty Under 40". The Advocate. May 2011. Archived from the original on April 13, 2011.
- "Young, Rich and Relocating Yet Again in Hunt for Political Office". The New York Times. July 11, 2013.
- Kirchick, James (December 8, 2014). "The Rise and Fall of Chris Hughes and Sean Eldridge, America's Worst Gay Power Couple". The Daily Beast. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
- Brendan, J. International Business Times February 10, 2016.
- Sparks, Hannah (May 9, 2019). "How Chris Hughes and Facebook co-founders were cast in 'Social Network'". New York Post.
- DeWitt, Katie (July 21, 2004). "A Hot New Twist on the Old College Try". BusinessWeek.
- Schatz, Amy (May 26, 2007). "BO, U R So Gr8 — How a Young Tech Entrepreneur Translated Barack Obama into the Idiom of Facebook". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- Benderoff, Eric (September 23, 2007). "Social Sites Go Political — A Facebook Founder Helps Design Obama's Online Network, and Other Candidates Are Doing What They Can To Add 'Friends'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 18, 2011. and photo gallery
- "The Class of 2009: Chris Hughes". Out. 2009. Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
- "The New Republic names Guy Vidra, General Manager of Yahoo News, as Chief Executive Officer". The New Republic. September 17, 2014.
- Barr, Jeremy (September 17, 2014). "Chris Hughes steps down as editor of The New Republic, names Vidra C.E.O." Capital New York. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
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