Choynimni dialect

Choynimni (also spelled Choinumne) is a dialect of Kings River Yokuts historically spoken along the Kings River between Sanger and Mill Creek (near Piedra). The language is the best documented dialect of Kings River Yokuts.[1]

Extinct2017 with the death of Hank Oliver
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Information on Choynimni collected by A. L. Kroeber

Information on the language was collected by Clinton Hart Merriam and Stanley Newman.[1]

Fluent speakersEdit

Hank Oliver, reportedly the last fully fluent speaker of Choynimni died in 2017 at the age of 91. Living members of the tribe retain knowledge of Choynimni including an estimated half dozen speakers.[2][3]

Revitalization effortEdit

Efforts to revitalize the language have been organized through the California State University, Fresno Department of Linguistics.[4]


  1. ^ a b Golla, Victor (2011-08-02). California Indian Languages. University of California Press. p. 151. ISBN 9780520266674.
  2. ^ George, Carmen. "One of the last to speak his tribal language, he also sang about Wounded Knee".
  3. ^ "Survey of California and Other Indian Languages". Retrieved 2019-08-31.
  4. ^ "Indigenous Languages Group". Retrieved 2019-08-30.