Chonnae Line

The Ch'ŏnnae Line is an electrified 4.4 km (2.7 mi) long railway line of the Korean State Railway in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea, connecting Ryongdam on the Kangwŏn Line with Ch'ŏnnae.[1]

Ch'ŏnnae Line
Overview
Other name(s)Ch'ŏnnaeri Line (천내리선)
Native name천내선 (川内線)
StatusOperational
OwnerChosen Government Railway (1927–1945)
Korean State Railway (since 1945)
LocaleKangwŏn
TerminiRyongdam
Ch'ŏnnae
Stations2
Service
TypeHeavy rail, Freight rail
Regional rail
History
Opened1 November 1927
Technical
Line length4.4 km (2.7 mi)
Number of tracksSingle track
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification3000 V DC overhead line
Route map

Ryongdam Cement Factory
0.0
Ryongdam
(bridge appx 175 m (574 ft))
Ch'ŏnnae Cement Factory
4.4
Ch'ŏnnae
(bridge appx 125 m (410 ft))
(bridge appx 55 m (180 ft))
618 Cement Factory
(bridge appx 115 m (377 ft))
(new bridge appx 115 m (377 ft))
(old bridge appx 145 m (476 ft))
(coal mine)
(bridge appx 40 m (130 ft))
(bridge appx 25 m (82 ft))
(bridge appx 65 m (213 ft))
(bridge appx 90 m (300 ft))
(bridge appx 115 m (377 ft))
(bridge appx 60 m (200 ft))
15.9
Munch'ŏn Coal Mine
Chonnae Line
Chosŏn'gŭl
승리선
Hancha
Revised RomanizationCheonnae-seon
McCune–ReischauerCh'ŏnnae-sŏn

HistoryEdit

Originally called the Ch'ŏnnaeri Line, it was opened on 1 November 1927 by the Chosen Government Railway to transport cement from the Ch'ŏnnae Cement Factory at Ch'ŏnnae Station (at the time called Ch'ŏnnaeri Station) to Ryongdam Station on the Hamgyŏng Line,[2][3] and it was later extended to a colliery.

Following the partition of Korea, the entirety of the Ch'ŏnnae Line was located in the Soviet zone of occupation. The Provisional People’s Committee for North Korea nationalised all railways in the northern half of the country, including the Ch'ŏnnae Line, on 10 August 1946, and following the establishment of North Korea, the Korean State Railway was created.[4] When Ch'ŏnnaeri Station was renamed Ch'ŏnnae Station, the line received its present name. Electrification of the line was completed in September 1980.[5]

RouteEdit

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance (km) Station Name Former Name
Total S2S Transcribed Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja) Transcribed Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja) Connections
0.0 0.0 Ryongdam 룡담 (龍潭) Kangwŏn Line
4.4 4.4 Ch'ŏnnae 천내 (川内) Ch'ŏnnaeri 천내리 (川内里)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kokubu, Hayato. 将軍様の鉄道 (in Japanese). Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō. p. 90. ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6.
  2. ^ "두산백과: 천내선". Naver (in Korean).
  3. ^ Japanese Government Railways (1937). 鉄道停車場一覧 昭和12年10月1日現在 [The List of the Stations as of 1 October 1937] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Kawaguchi Printing Company. pp. 498–501, 504–505.
  4. ^ Kokubu, Hayato. 将軍様の鉄道 (in Japanese). Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō. p. 131. ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6.
  5. ^ "북한지리정보: 운수지리 강원선" [Kangwŏn Line]. The traffic and geography in North Korea (in Korean).