Chongnyon Ichon Line

The Ch'ŏngnyŏn Ich'ŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary mainline of the Korean State Railway running from P'yŏngsan on the P'yŏngbu Line to Sep'o on the Kangwŏn Line.[1] The 141.3 km (87.8 mi) line is the southernmost of the three east-west transversal mainlines in North Korea.[2]

Ch'ŏngnyŏn Ich'ŏn Line
Overview
Native name청년이천선 (靑年伊川線)
StatusOperational
OwnerKorean State Railway
LocaleNorth Hwanghae
Kangwŏn
TerminiP'yŏngsan
Sep'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Stations18
Service
TypeHeavy rail, Regional rail
passenger/freight
History
Opened1962−1972
Technical
Line length141.3 km (87.8 mi)
Number of tracksSingle track
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Electrification3000 V DC Catenary
Route map

DPRK-Chongnyon Ichon Line.png

0.0
P'yŏngsan
(bridge appx 235 m (771 ft))
3.8
Uranium refinery
(bridge appx 90 m (300 ft))
(tunnel appx 110 m (360 ft))
(bridge appx 260 m (850 ft))
13.2
Kit'an
19.7
Ch'imgyo
(bridge appx 85 m (279 ft))
27.8
Sin'gye
(bridge appx 90 m (300 ft))
41.0
Chŏngbong
(tunnel appx 300 m (980 ft))
(bridge appx 75 m (246 ft))
former wye
Chihari Materials Corp.
51.4
Chihari
(bridge appx 55 m (180 ft))
former factory site
57.3
Chisang
(#1 tunnel appx 1,175 m (3,855 ft))
(#2 tunnel appx 300 m (980 ft))
(#3 tunnel appx 665 m (2,182 ft))
(tunnel appx 110 m (360 ft))
(bridge appx 115 m (377 ft))
(bridge appx 70 m (230 ft))
former wye
69.1
Songjŏng
(bridge appx 70 m (230 ft))
(tunnel appx 345 m (1,132 ft))
(bridge appx 70 m (230 ft))
(tunnel appx 100 m (330 ft))
(bridge appx 60 m (200 ft))
(bridge appx 75 m (246 ft))
(bridge appx 100 m (330 ft))
(bridge appx 80 m (260 ft))
74.0
Ich'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn
(bridge appx 240 m (790 ft))
79.6
Haan
Closed
86.2
Mundŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn
(tunnel appx 1,630 m (5,350 ft))
(bridge appx 120 m (390 ft))
(bridge appx 260 m (850 ft))
(tunnel appx 120 m (390 ft))
96.0
P'an'gyo
(tunnel appx 265 m (869 ft))
abandoned branch
105.0
Kisan Ch'ŏngnyŏn
(viaduct appx 90 m (300 ft))
(bridge appx 165 m (541 ft))
111.0
Hup'yŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn
(tunnel appx 495 m (1,624 ft))
(bridge appx 65 m (213 ft))
(tunnel appx 215 m (705 ft))
(bridge appx 150 m (490 ft))
(tunnel appx 770 m (2,530 ft))
(bridge appx 240 m (790 ft))
118.9
Sŏha
(bridge appx 150 m (490 ft))
(bridge appx 90 m (300 ft))
(tunnel appx 200 m (660 ft))
(bridge appx 25 m (82 ft))
(tunnel appx 45 m (148 ft))
(bridge appx 130 m (430 ft))
(bridge appx 75 m (246 ft))
125.9
Yaksu
(tunnel appx 150 m (490 ft))
(tunnel appx 240 m (790 ft))
(tunnel appx 385 m (1,263 ft))
131.1
Paeksan Ch'ŏngnyŏn
(bridge appx 50 m (160 ft))
135.4
Sinsaeng
136.6
Saemaŭl
(bridge appx 35 m (115 ft))
142.0
Sep'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Chongnyon Ichon Line
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised RomanizationCheongnyeon Icheon-seon
McCune–ReischauerCh'ŏngnyŏn Ich'ŏn-sŏn

The Ch'ŏngnyŏn Ich'ŏn line plays an important role in the movement of freight between the east and west coasts of the DPRK, relieving the burden on the P'yŏngra Line. As of 1985, the Sep'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn−Chihari section is under the jurisdiction of the Hamhŭng Railway Bureau, whilst the Chŏngbong−P'yŏngsan section is administered by the Sariwŏn Railway Bureau.[2]

There are 18 stations, of which 3 are halts. Ich'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Chŏngbong stations are designated freight concentration points, where goods to and from counties in the area without rail service are transferred between road and rail. Ich'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station handles passenger and freight for Ich'ŏn, Ch'ŏrwŏn, P'an'gyo, and Pŏptong counties, while Chŏngbong Station handles them for Kosan, Sinp'yŏng, Singye and Suan counties.[2]

HistoryEdit

As freight movements between the east and west coasts of the DPRK grew in the years after the end of the Korean War, congestion on the P'yŏngra Line became a major issue. To relieve this, the Korean State Railway undertook the construction of a third, more southern transversal line through the mountainous south-central region of the DPRK. Work began in 1957,[3] and the first section to be completed was the 51.4 km (31.9 mi) section from P'yŏngsan to Chihari, which was opened to traffic in 1962, whilst the rest of the route, 89.9 km (55.9 mi) from Chihari to Sep'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn, was opened in October 1972.[2]

Electrification of the line was completed in 1980.[4]

ServicesEdit

Both passenger and freight trains operate on the Ch'ŏngnyŏn Ich'ŏn Line, with freight being considerably more significant.

FreightEdit

In order to reduce congestion on the P'yŏngra Line, much transit freight is routed via the Ch'ŏngnyŏn Ich'ŏn Line. Steel products from the Hwanghae Iron & Steel Complex in Songrim on the Songrim Line and cement from the February 8 Cement Complex in West Pongsan on the P'yŏngbu Line make up a major portion of eastbound through traffic.[2]

Westbound traffic is 1.6 to 1.9 times greater than eastbound. Westbound, the primary commodities shipped are ore (18.4−18.6%), wood (16.3%), fertiliser (12−13.1%), and marine products (7.3−7.5%); these four commodities make up roughly 56% of westbound cargo. Over half - 50−60% - of eastbound cargo is grain; ores (8.6−11.2%), metals (9.9−10.7%), and cement (3.2−3.7%) accounts for much of the rest. Grain from the rich granary of Hwanghae is shipped east exclusively along this line, whilst the westbound ore is primarily magnetite from the Tŏksŏng and Musan Mining Complexes destined for the Hwanghae Iron & Steel Complex on the Songrim Line.[2] There is also a uranium concentrate plant at P'yŏngsan.[5]

PassengerEdit

In the 2002 passenger timetable there is a single daily long-distance train shown as operating on this line, between Haeju and Hyesan. Train 104•107 from Haeju comes to the line via Sariwŏn, departing P'yŏngsan at 0:54 and Sep'o at 6:06 AM, continuing on to Hyesan via Wŏnsan, Hamhŭng and Kilju. The return trip from Hyesan, train 108•111, departs Sep'o at 4:41 AM and P'yŏngsan at 9:47 AM, continuing on to Haeju via Sariwŏn.[1] A commuter service is operated between P'yŏngsan and Chihari.[2]

RouteEdit

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance (km) Station Name Former Name
Total S2S Transcribed Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja) Transcribed Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja) Connections
0.0 0.0 P'yŏngsan 평산 (平山) Namch'ŏn 남천 (南川) P'yŏngbu Line
13.2 13.2 Kit'an 기탄 (岐灘)
19.7 6.5 Ch'imgyo 침교 (砧橋)
27.8 8.1 Sin'gye 신계 (新渓)
41.0 13.2 Chŏngbong 정봉 (丁峰)
51.4 10.4 Chihari 지하리 (支下里)
57.3 5.9 Chisang 지상 (支上)
69.1 11.8 Songjŏng 송정 (松亭)
74.0 4.9 Ich'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn 이천청년 (伊川青年)
79.6 5.6 Haan 하안 (河岸) Closed
86.2 6.6 Mundŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn 문동청년 (文童青年)
96.0 9.8 P'an'gyo 판교 (板橋)
105.0 9.0 Kisan Ch'ŏngnyŏn 기산청년 (箕山青年)
111.0 6.0 Hup'yŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn 후평청년 (後坪青年)
118.9 7.9 Sŏha 서하 (西下)
125.9 7.0 Yaksu 약수 (薬水)
131.1 5.2 Paeksan Ch'ŏngnyŏn 백산청년 (白山青年)
135.4 4.3 Sinsaeng 신생 (新生)
136.6 1.2 Saemaŭl 새마을 (-)
141.3 4.7 Sep'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn 세포청년 (洗浦青年) Sep'o 세포 (洗浦) Kangwŏn Line

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "북한지리정보: 운수지리 청년이천선". Naver. Retrieved 2017-08-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Choe, Un-sik, 한국의 전통 사회 운송 기구, ISBN 978-89-7300-728-8, pp. 112
  4. ^ 북한 철도 유라시아 철도의 ‘끊어진 고리’ 北, 12개 주요 노선 어떤 상태인가
  5. ^ Yongbyong Nuclear Site Ground Imagery