Choe Seungno

Choi Seungno or Choi Seung-ro (Korean최승로; Hanja崔承老; 927 – 17 June 989[1] was a politician, Confucian scholar, poet, and literary writer in the early Goryeo dynasty. He came from the Gyeongju Choe clan, one of the third class noble families of Silla. He was famous for dedicating 28 duties to King Seongjong, most of which were accepted and a became an important basis for state affairs such as Goryeo's political system and local government.

Choe Seungno
of the Gyeongju Choe clan
Bachelor of Wonbongseong and Politician of the Goryeo State
(고려국 원봉성 대학사 겸 대리청정공, 高麗國 元鳳省 大學士 兼 代理聽政公)
In office
3 February 976 – 8 July 977
MonarchKing Gyeongjong of Goryeo
Waiter and Civil servant in Jungseomunhaseong and Politician of the Goryeo State
(고려국 중서문하성 문하시중 겸 대리청정공, 高麗國 中書門下省 門下侍中 兼 代理聽政公)
In office
1 February 988 – 17 June 989
MonarchKing Seongjong of Goryeo
Personal details
PronunciationChoe Sŭng-no
Geumseong, Kingdom of Silla
Died17 June 989 (aged 63)
Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
  • Choe Eun-ham (father)
RelativesChoe Ji-won (great-grandfather)
Choe Eon-wi (great-great-grandfather)
  • Politician
  • Confucian scholar
  • Poet
  • Civil servant
  • Literary writer
Choe Seungno
Revised RomanizationChoe Seung-no
McCune–ReischauerCh'oe Sŭngno
Posthumous name
Revised RomanizationMunjeong


Choi Seungno was born in Gyeongju. He was the son of Silla noble Choi Eunham.[2] Since the age of 12, he had been highly praised by Taejo of Goryeo. He spread Confucianism widely in Korea and set up the basic political structure of Goryeo at the era of Seongjong. According to his Choi, Seongjong accepted the ruling system of Later Zhou of China and threw away its traditional ruling system. Seongjong installed 12 provincial capitals and 3 small capitals which were Seoul, Gyeongju and Pyongyang.

In 988, he was titled marquis of Chungha.


He composed "a significant corpus of poems".[3]

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ 12th days 5th months on Lunar calendar.
  2. ^ 하현강. "최승로(崔承老) - 한국민족문화대백과사전". Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). The Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  3. ^ Paragraph 4 in Emanuel Pastreich "The Reception of Chinese Literature in Korea", chapter 53 in Mair 2001.

Cited worksEdit