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Chlothar III (or Chlotar, Clothar, Clotaire, Chlotochar, or Hlothar, giving rise to the name Lothair; 649–73) was the eldest son of Clovis II, king of Neustria and Burgundy, and his queen Balthild. When Clovis died in around 657 or 658, Chlothar, who was only a little child at eight or nine years old, succeeded him under the regency of his mother, Balthild.
A tremissis of Chlothar III minted at Paris
|King of Neustria and Burgundy|
|King of Austrasia|
|Predecessor||Childebert the Adopted|
|Died||673 (aged 23–24)|
|Burial||Saint Denis Basilica, Paris|
The Historia Langobardorum reports that in the early 660s a Frankish army invaded Provence and then Italy (bk 5, ch V). This force came upon the camp of the Lombard king Grimoald I of Benevento, at Rivoli near Asta. Grimuald pretended to flee. The Franks looted the camp and celebrated. Then, after midnight, Grimuald attacked and drove them back to Neustria.
After the death of Saint Eligius in 661, the Life of Eligius — written soon after Chlothar's death — records that a plague reduced the population of France's cities. A plague in the British Isles, according to Bede, did the same there in 664.
Also during his reign, the mayor of the palace Erchinoald died and a council of Franks elected Ebroin to replace him. As of 668, Bede tells that Ebroin was running the nation's foreign policy and internal security. Given that the Liber historiae Francorum admits four years for Chlothar's reign, it remains possible that Chlothar began to exert some real authority from 669 onwards when his mentors let the now adult king govern.
- Media related to Chlothar III at Wikimedia Commons
Chlothar IIIBorn: 649 Died: 673
Childebert the Adopted
|King of the Franks of Austrasia
|King of the Franks of Neustria and Burgundy